Compulsory Health Insurance (Russia)
Compulsory Health Insurance (Russian: Обязательное медицинское страхование) is the principal public healthcare insurance in Russia. As part of the basic program of compulsory health insurance are primary health care, including preventive care, emergency medical care (except for specialized (sanitary aviation) emergency medical assistance), specialised medical care. The management of the money of the health insurance system is done through the Federal Compulsory Medical Insurance Fund (Russian: Федеральный фонд обязательного медицинского страхования).
The Federal Subjects of Russia also guarantee additional volume of free medical care. In addition, residents of the Russian Federation provided from the budget of Russia the following types of care:
- emergency medical services provided by the stations (sections, paragraphs) emergency medical assistance;
- outpatient and inpatient care provided in specialized clinics and hospitals (departments, offices) for the following diseases: diseases, sexually transmitted infectious skin diseases (scabies, microsporia), tuberculosis, diseases caused by a particularly dangerous infections, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; mental and behavioral disorders, substance abuse disorders;
- provision of expensive types of medical care, the list of which is approved by the Health Committee;
- beneficiary drug coverage and prosthetics (dental, ocular, aural);
- vaccination of the population, and decreed contingent on epidemiological indications;
- preventive x-ray screenings for early detection of tuberculosis;
- health care for congenital anomalies (malformations), deformations and chromosomal disorders in children and certain conditions originating in the perinatal period, in accordance with the list approved by the Health Committee;
- Dental and medical oncology care, according to the list approved by the Health Committee of the Russian Federation
All citizens of the Russian Federations are obliged, in accordance with the Law "On Compulsory Medical Insurance in the Russian Federation" of 29.11.2010 N 326-FZ to contract in respect of a particular MLA categories of people, endowed with certain rights that purpose and burdened defined responsibilities.
Since January 1, 2011 came into force the new federal law on compulsory health insurance in the Russian Federation, according to which a May 1, 2011 introduced new rules for registration of policyholders CHI CHI policy and introduced a single sample. Those citizens who receive such a document for the first time should contact their chosen health insurance companies. First, the citizen is issued a "temporary certificate" confirming registration of the policy, which is valid for 30 working days. During this time, for a citizen to be made a personal policy. Once the document is ready, the insured will be notified and will trade him a "temporary certificate" on the policy. Replacement of old policies to new was done in stages during 2011-2013.