Computer emergency response team

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The name computer emergency response team is the historic designation for the first team (CERT/CC) at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). CERT is now a registered service mark of Carnegie Mellon University that is licensed to other teams around the world. Some teams took on the more generic name of CSIRT (Computer Security Incident Response Team) to point out the task of handling computer security incidents instead of other tech support work. Because CERT is a registered trademark owned by Carnegie Mellon University, it should not be used interchangeably with CSIRT.[1]

The history of CSIRTs is linked to the existence of malware, especially computer worms and viruses. Whenever a new technology arrives, its misuse is not long in following. The first worm in the IBM VNET was covered up. Shortly after, a worm hit the Internet on 3 November 1988, when the so-called Morris Worm paralysed a good percentage of it. This led to the formation of the CERT/CC at Carnegie Mellon University under a U.S. Government contract. With the massive growth in the use of information and communications technologies over the subsequent years, the now-generic term "CSIRT" refers to an essential part of most large organisations' structures.

CSIRT Organizations[edit]


Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST) is the global association of CSIRTs.

North America[edit]

In the USA most CSIRTs cooperate with CERT-CC at CMU, which serves as the nationwide coordination center and is a major point of contact for corporations such as Apple Inc..[2]

South America[edit]


CSIRTs in Europe collaborate in the TERENA task force TF-CSIRT. TERENA's Trusted Introducer service provides an accreditation and certification scheme for CSIRTs in Europe. A full list of known CSIRTs in Europe is available from the Trusted Introducer website.


CSIRTs in the Asia-Pacific region collaborate in APCERT (Asia-Pacific Computer Emergency Response Team). A full list of CSIRTs in the Asia-Pacific region that are members of APCERT is available from the APCERT website. And in Arak-Iran PARSCSIRT

Other Countries[edit]

See also[edit]


Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University. "Trademarks and Servicemarks." Software Engineering Institute website. 2012.

  1. ^ Software Engineering Institute, Carnegie Mellon University. "Trademarks and Servicemarks." Software Engineering Institute website. 2012.
  2. ^ "Security". "Apple cooperates closely with organizations such as the Computer Emergency Response Team Coordination Center (CERT/CC)" 

External links[edit]