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The Computer Olympiads are a multi-games event taking place every year in which computer programs compete against each other. The majority of the games are board games but other games such as Bridge take place as well. The Olympiad was originally held in either London or Maastricht, lately however, cities from around the world have hosted the Olympiad.
For many board games the Computer Olympiads are an opportunity to take the "world's best computer player" title.
The games ran on a yearly basis until after the 1992 games, when the Olympiad's ruling committee was unable to find a new organiser. This resulted in the games being suspended until 2000 when the Mind Sports Olympiad resurrected them. Recently, the ICGA has adopted the Computer Olympiad and tries to organise the event on an annual basis.
The games which have been played are:
- Chinese Chess
- Chinese Dark Chess
- Computational Pool
- Dots and boxes
- EinStein würfelt nicht!
- International draughts
- Gin Rummy
- 19×19 Go
- 13x13 Go
- 9×9 Go
- Kriegspiel (chess)
- Lines of Action
- Nine Men's Morris
- Phantom Go
In 2010, several puzzles were included in the competition:
Games which the Olympiad would like to run, but have so far been unable to due to lack of entrants:
- 1st Computer Olympiad - 1989, London, United Kingdom
- 2nd Computer Olympiad - 1990, London, United Kingdom
- 3rd Computer Olympiad - 1991, Maastricht, Netherlands
- 4th Computer Olympiad - 1992, London, United Kingdom
- 5th Computer Olympiad - 2000, London, United Kingdom
- 6th Computer Olympiad - 2001, Maastricht, Netherlands
- 7th Computer Olympiad - 2002, Maastricht, Netherlands
- 8th Computer Olympiad - 2003, Graz, Austria
- 9th Computer Olympiad - 2004, Ramat Gan, Israel
- 10th Computer Olympiad - 2005, Taipei, Taiwan
- 11th Computer Olympiad - 2006, Turin, Italy
- 12th Computer Olympiad - 2007, Amsterdam, Netherlands
- 13th Computer Olympiad - 2008, Beijing, China.
- 14th Computer Olympiad - 2009, Pamplona, Spain
- 15th Computer Olympiad - 2010, Kanazawa, Japan
- 16th Computer Olympiad - 2011, Tilburg, Netherlands
- 17th Computer Olympiad - 2013, Yokohama, Japan
- 18th Computer Olympiad - 2015, Leiden, Netherlands