Computer Originated World
The Computer Originated World (COW) was the method of creating the BBC1 symbol that was used between February 1985 and February 1991. It was later used by the international, commercial television service BBC World Service Television from its launch until c.1994.
The Computer Originated World replaced the previous NODD globe symbols at 7pm on 18 February 1985. The globe was created by the BBC graphics and BBC computer departments and work began in 1983. The need to replace the NODD globes came about as the globes were the only mechanically produced idents around on television, as more and more television companies started to use computer graphics, made popular by the launch of Channel 4. The COW was originally planned to launch on 1 January 1985, but Michael Grade, then controller of BBC1, delayed the launch to coincide with a larger schedule change that resulted in the soap EastEnders, and updated and renewed weather graphics. This launch was hoped to reinvent BBC1 following ratings slide and ever increasing competition from their commercial rivals at ITV.
The globe itself launched at 7pm on 18 February, introducing one of the new flagship programmes: Wogan a chat show hosted by Terry Wogan and featuring a variety of guests. Prior to the launch at 7, the old NODD globe was used for the rest of the days continuity.
Components of look
The Computer Originated World itself is a semi-transparent blue globe with golden continents and gold "BBC1" legend located below the globe in a font similar to that used in the early days of the BBC. The globe revolved at a steady pace throughout, and had the effect of a spotlight added to the surface. The continents were placed in such a way that the continents appeared to float on the water. The caption had the option of displaying the legend 'Ceefax 888' in reference to the subtitles available with the programme. Regional variations also included a legend with the region name, also in gold, below the BBC1 legend. The globe was generated when needed by the computer programme located in a metal box. This box had switches on the front that could turn the BBC1 caption, regional caption and subtitles caption on and off, as these elements were added later. These generators were delivered to all 11 regions and installed before Christmas 1984.
The look also featured an altered clock face to that used previously. This clock was once again electronic, but was changed to a black background, blue counters and gold hands to match the ident. The updated BBC1 legend also featured below the clock. The nations of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland and the sole English Region; the West Midlands did receive their own variations of the clock, however it is not believed that any other English Regions received their own variations. A notable occlusion of the look, was that the network BBC One clock didn't have a centre dot; this was never rectified throughout the run of the clock, however the dot was present on regional variations.
The new look also marked a change in programme slide design. These new slides featured the BBC1 legend upright and sideways in a black sidebar to the left of the screen. The remainder of the screen featured a picture of the programme and the programme name located at the bottom. However, the programme slides were still optically developed. This was changed in 1986 when the introduction of Quantel Paintbox allowed captions to be created digitally. The design was altered slightly with the BBC1 legend made more textured, slightly smaller and moved to the bottom of the screen. The font was also changed to Optima, with text remaining in the same position. All this would now be located over the image rather than separate from it.
Promotions were not uniform, but were based on a seasonal scheme before being replaced. The promotions usually didn't contain any channel branding but would occasionally feature parts of the BBC1 legend in the design.
During Christmas times, the '1' and the globe was altered into a variety of guises. One was made for each year the ident was in existence, None were used by BBC Scotland.
|Red Robin||Christmas 1985||This ident had the new ‘BBC1’ logo in a snowy landscape with a robin sitting on it fluttering its wings, with another robin rotating around the logo. Two versions were made: one for day-time and one for night-time. This was the last mechanical ident produced for the channel. The ident was accompanied by hand animated promotional trails featuring the robins. The robins were famously detonated by Noel Edmonds on his programme, The Late, Late Breakfast Show on 4 January 1986.|
|Cartoon 1||Christmas 1986||A cartoon smiling Christmas tree in a forest, with the ‘BBC1’ logo in front of it, and holly dancing around it. The ident was designed by a viewer following a Children's BBC competition.|
|Cartoon 2||Christmas 1987||A cartoon graphic reading BBC Christmas 1 made up of various Christmas motifs such as various presents, a candle, holly and ribbons. The short animation was designed to tie into the end of promotions. Promotional style featured a panning view into a child's nursery, before a bag falls, pouring out streamers and ribbons. This streamer animation would be played at the end of the promotion to link into the ident. It was designed by Bernard Newnham.|
|A Partridge in a Pear Tree||Christmas 1988||A partridge flies onto a mountain of pears and sits on them, with the ‘BBC1’ logo superimposed on top. Two versions were made one for day-time and one for night-time. At the end of each day the partridge would fly away again.|
|Spinning Top||Christmas 1989||The globe is a spinning top, spinning at the bottom of a Christmas tree with a ribbon around with the ‘BBC1’ logo on it. Again linked in with end promotions, which would link in by means of a toy train passing in front of the screen.|
|Pop-up Book||Christmas 1990||The globe appears superimposed on a face on the cover of a pop-up book about magic. The introduction sequence and promotions all featured the book opening and a wizard dancing round casting magic upon a variety of objects, often with a time feel, such as a large clock face and hour glass. This was the last Christmas ident not to have corporate branding.|
The COW globe itself was popular with the public and the channel symbol was only changed so that the BBC could introduce a similar, corporate look to both BBC1 and 2. At the time, the channels were too dissimilar with each other making cross promotion difficult: this move would make it easier to make both channels look like they are from the same organisation, as the BBC2 symbol at the time lacked the BBC name entirely.
BBC World Service Television
Components of look
Upon the launch of BBC World Service Television in 1991 to replace BBC TV Europe, the channel reused the COW symbol. Technically, the globe itself remained the same with changes made only to presentational style and the caption below the globe and the whole look being brought into line with corporate branding at the time.
The ident itself was modified with the caption beneath showing a BBC corporate logo, with the slanted legend 'World Service Television' beneath, in the same style as used for regional variations of the BBC1 ident at the time. No clock accompanied the look, due to the various time zones used around the world, with serious or news programming being introduced by the globe.
Presentational style mirrored by that used on BBC1 and 2 at the time, and featured a static globe, positioned with Britain, Europe and Africa in view, with BBC logo beneath located in the top left corner of the screen. The logo was present throughout the presentation. Static captions also featured this globe symbol in the top left corner, located in a sidebar of generic lines, with programme title overlaid the image at the bottom of the screen. The station was also unusual, in the fact that it had a static, opaque Digital on-screen graphic (DOG) of the BBC logo in the top right corner of the screen.
The look appears to have been dropped c.1994.
The look on BBC World Service Television was dropped in favour of a look consisting entirely of real and fake flags on the screen, with a single large BBC logo in centre screen. This was to emphasise the role that news played on the channel, and to associate itself more closely as a news channel, rather than BBC1. This is primarily evident, as the look was re-used for that purpose upon the channels split into BBC World.
- "BBC1 1985". 625: Andrew Wiseman's Television Room. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- Luxton, Simon. "BBC One 1985 Idents". TVARK. Retrieved 19 September 2011. Contains video of the idents.
- "Bright New World". BBC Engineering. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- Luxton, Simon. "BBC1 1985 Continuity". TVARK. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- Luxton, Simon. "1991 Idents". TVARK. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
- "BBC WSTV". YouTube. Retrieved 19 September 2011. Video of BBC WSTV continuity.
- "BBC WSTV Part 2". YouTube. Retrieved 19 September 2011. Video of BBC WSTV continuity.
- A full, technical account of how the COW was brought to life
- BBC One 'COW Globe' Ident at TV Ark
- An extremely technical account of how the COW worked, BBC Engineering
- YouTube video featuring the World Service TV variation
- YouTube video featuring WSTV continuity
BBC One 'NODD Globe' idents
|BBC television idents
18 February 1985 – 16 February 1991
BBC One 'Virtual Globe' ident