Conall Gulban

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Conall Gulban (died c. 464) was an Irish king who founded the kingdom of Tír Chonaill in the 5th century, comprising much of what is now County Donegal. He was the son of Niall Noígiallach.[1]

His byname Gulban derives from Benn Ghulbain (the mountain of Benbulbin) in Co.Sligo, from which center the sons of Niall set out upon their conquest of the north.[2] King Conall Gulban was murdered by the Masraige at Magh Slécht (Co.Cavan) in 464. He was buried by Saint Caillin at Fenagh, Co.Leitrim.[3] He is important in the history of Irish Christianity as he was the first nobleman baptised by St.Patrick, thus opening the way for the conversion of the ruling classes of Ireland.

He was apparently very close to his brother Eógan mac Néill who died of grief over his brother's death the next year.[4]

His sons included Fergus Cendfota, Dauí (founder of the Cenél nDuach) and Énna Bogaine (founder of the Cenél mBogaine)

Descendants[edit]

His descendants were known as the Cenél Conaill.

The Peninsula of Inishowen in Donegal was fought for by the Dochartaigh clan (known modernly as Doherty, Daugherty, Docherty, Dougherty, etc.) who were then given the title of Princes of Donegal. This family also descends from Conall (see Clann Ua Dochartaig).

The Cenél nEógain, descended from his brother Eoghan, became the other premier Uí Néill sept in In Fochla (also known as In Tuisceart). Their kingdom was known as Tír Eógain. Modern day County Tyrone shares both its name and much of its territory. Its respective royal dynasties, the Kings of Tir Connaill and the Kings of Tír Eógain. Its last de jure native rulers fled abroad in the episode known as the Flight of the Earls but, as with all the major Irish kingships, the line of descent continues into the present day.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Francis J.Byrne, Irish Kings and High-Kings, Table 1
  2. ^ Byrne, pg.84
  3. ^ Annals of the Four Masters, M464.3
  4. ^ Annals of the Four Masters, M465.3

References[edit]

Cenél Conaill[edit]

   Niall Noígiallach, died c. A.D.455.
   |
   |________________________________________________________________________________
   |               |              |          |               |                   |
   |               |              |          |               |                   |
   Conall Gulban   Eoghan    Cairpre[disambiguation needed]   Fiacha  Conall Cremthainne            Lóegaire
   |               |              |          |               |                   |
   |               |              |          |               |                   |
   |        Cenél nEógain         |    Cenél Fiachach        |           Cenél Lóegaire
   |                              |                          | 
   |                         Cenél Cairpre                  / \
   |                                                       /   \
   |                                                      /     \
   |                                          Clann Cholmáin     Síl nÁedo Sláine 
   |
  Cenél Conaill of In Fochla
   |
   |_________________________________________________
   |                  |                           |
   |                  |                           |
   Fergus Cennfota    Doi                         Enna Bogaine 
   |                 (Cenél nDuach)              (Cenél mBogaine)
   |                  |                           |
   |                  |                           |
   |                  Ninnid, fl. 561           Melge 
   |                  |                           |
   |                  |                           |
   |                  Baetan, d. 586            Brandub
   |                                              |
   |_________                                     ?
   |        |                                     |
   |        |                                   Garban 
   Setna    Feidlimid                             | 
   |        |                                     |
   |        |                                   Sechnasach, Rí Cenél mBogaine, d. 609
   |        Columb Cille, 521-597             |     
   |_________________________________             |______________
   |                     |        |               |             |
   |                     |        |               |             |
   Ainmire, d. 569   Colum    Lugaid          Mael Tuile    Bresal, d. 644 
   |                              |               |
   |                              |               |
   |                       Cenél Lugdach    Dungal, Rí Cenél mBogaine, d. 672
   |                              |               |
   |                              |               |______________
   |                            Ronan             |            |
   |                              |               |            |
   |                              |             Sechnasach   Dub Diberg, d. 703
   |                            Garb              |            |
   |                              |               ?            |
   |                              |               |            Flaithgus, d. 732
   |                              |           Forbasach        |
   |                              |       Rí Cenél mBogaine    ?
   |                          Cen Faelad     d. 722            |
   |                              |                            Rogaillnech, d. 815
   |       _______________________|               
   |       |                      |     
   |       |                      |     
   |       Mael Duin          Fiaman   
   |       |                       |
   |       ?                       ?
   |       |                       |
   |       Airnelach       Maenguile
   |       |                       |
   |       |                       | 
   |       |                       |
   |       |                       |
   |       Cen Faelad     Dochartach
   |       |           (Clann Ua Dochartaig)
   |       |
   |       |____________________________________________
   |       |                                           |
   |       |                                           |
   |       Dalach, 'Dux' Cenél Conaill,  d. 870.   Bradagain
   |       |                                           |
   |       |                                           |
   |       Eicnecan, Rí Cenél Conaill, d. 906      Baigill
   |       |                                        (Clann Ua Baighill) 
   |       |
   |       |______________________________________________________________
   |       |   |         |           |                  |                |
   |       |   |         |           |                  |                |
   |       two sons    Flann      Adlann            Domnall Mor      Conchobar
   |    d. 956 & 962.          Abbot of Derry   (Clann Ua Domnaill)
   |                              d. 950.
   |
   |___________________
   |                  |
   |                  | 
   Aed, d. 598    Ciaran
   |                  |
   |                  |
   |                  Fiachra, founder of Derry, died 620.
   |
   |__________________________________________________________
   |                      |           |                      |
   |                      |           |                      |    
   Domnall, d. 642    Conall Cu   Mael Cobo, d. 615  Cumuscach, d. 597
   High King of Ireland   d. 604  |
   |                                  |_____________
   |                                  |            |
   |                                  |            |
   |                                  Cellach      Conall Cael 
   |                                  |  both died  658/664
   |                                  |  
   |                           (Clann Ua Gallchobair)
   |
   |
   |________________________________________________________________
   |                      |           |           |                |
   |                      |           |           |                |        
   Oengus, d. 650   Conall      Colgu   Ailill Flannesda  Fergus Fanat
   |                   d.663  d.663   d.666       d.654
   |                                                               |
   |                                                               |
   |                                                       Congal Cenn Magair 
   |                                                           d. 710
   |                                                               |
   |                                                     __________|__________ 
   |                                                     |         |          |
   |                                                     |         |          |
   |                                                   Donngal  Flann Gohan  Conaig
   |                                                d. 731  d.732 d.733
   |
   Loingsech, d. 703
   |
   |_____________________________________________________________________
   |                                |                    |      |      |
   |                                |                    |      |      |
   Flaithbertach, deposed 734.  Fergus, d. 707   three other sons, all killed 703
   |
   |_______________________________________________________________________
   |                                                 |                  |
   |                                                 |                  |
   Aed Muinderg, Ri In Tuisceart, d. 747.     Loingsech          Murchad
   |                                           Rí Cenél Conaill   Rí Cenél Conaill 
   |_______________                                d. 754         d. 767
   |              |                                                     |
   |              |                                                     |
   Domnall      Donnchad                                            Mael Bresail
  d. 804   fl. 784                                        Rí Cenél Conaill 
   |                                                                d. 767
   |                                                                     |
   Flaithbertach                                                         |
   |                                                                   Oengus
   |                                                                     |
   Canannan                                                              |
  (Ua Canannain)                                                     Mael Doraid
                                                                   (Ua Maildoraid)    
                                                                          |
                                                                   _______|_______
                                                                  |               |
                                                                  |               |
                                                                 Fogartach    Mael Bresail
                                                            Rí Cenél Conaill  Rí Cenél Conaill
                                                                 d. 904    d. 901

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