Concarril

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Concarril
Former type Government-owned public company (S.A.)
Fate Privatized; acquired by Bombardier Transportation
Successors Bombardier-Concarril SA de CV and (later) Gunderson-Concarril SA
Founded April 14, 1952[1][2]
Founders Víctor Manuel Villaseñor
Defunct 1992
Headquarters Ciudad Sahagún, Mexico
Products Rolling stock of various types, including freight cars and locomotives; and passenger rail cars of several types, including subway/metro cars and light rail vehicles
Employees 3,000 (1991)[3]

Constructora Nacional de Carros de Ferrocarril SA, known as Concarril, or less commonly as CNCF,[4] was a government-owned major rail vehicle manufacturer located in Ciudad Sahagún, Mexico,[5] from the 1950s through 1991. It manufactured a wide variety of passenger and freight cars, as well as locomotives. Formed in 1952[1] (some sources say 1954),[3][6][7] it was owned by the Mexican government. After accumulating too much debt, it ceased operating in December 1991 and was sold to Bombardier, Inc. in April 1992 for around U.S.$68 million.[3][8] At that time, it was the largest manufacturer of railway rolling stock in Mexico.[3] Production resumed at the Ciudad Sahagún facilities after Bombardier took over.

A Concarril-built light rail car on the Guadalajara light rail system in 1990

The Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México (FNM, or NdeM), the country's government-owned railroad company until the 1990s, purchased large numbers of railroad cars from Concarril, including a variety of freight and passenger cars. The latter included sleeping cars in addition to conventional coaches. Dining cars were not one of its regular products; it built its first such car in 1989, for FNM.[9] The company also built locomotives for FNM and other railroads, and undertook rebuilding (or refurbishment) work on older locomotives and coaches.

Passenger railway cars built by Concarril for urban rail transit use included subway/metro cars for the Mexico City Metro and light rail vehicles (LRVs) for the Guadalajara light rail system, the Monterrey Metro and the Xochimilco Light Rail line of Mexico City's STE.[5][10] The company made both steel-wheeled and rubber-tired subway cars for Mexico City.[7][6] It also supplied subway cars to the Santiago Metro, in Chile;[5] those were part of an effort by the Mexican government in 1990 to boost exports of manufactured goods, which also encompassed a planned sale of 200 Concarril-built freight cars to Venezuela.[11]

Rubber-tired Mexico City subway train of type NM-73, built by Concarril

Successors[edit]

In spring 1992, the company was acquired from the Mexican government by Bombardier Inc., of Canada,[3][7] becoming part of Bombardier Transportation, as a subsidiary named Bombardier-Concarril SA. Production resumed later the same year. For some types of vehicles, Bombardier initially maintained use of the same designs as had been used by Concarril, such as for light rail cars for the Monterrey Metro, where a batch of 23 built in 1990 by Concarril and a batch of 25 built in 1992–93 by Bombardier were described by one writer as being "almost identical".[10]

In 1998, the Greenbrier Companies, of Lake Oswego, Oregon, entered into a joint venture with Bombardier to manufacture freight railroad cars at the Ciudad Sahagún plant.[6] The partnership was named Greenbrier-Concarril LLC, and Greenbrier subsidiary Gunderson Inc. managed the U.S. company's involvement, as Gunderson-Concarril SA de CV. Production included boxcars, flatcars and gondola cars.[12] In December 2004, Greenbrier purchased Bombardier's 50-percent interest and became sole owner of Greenbrier-Concarril LLC and Gunderson-Concarril SA, manufacturing freight cars only.[13] Bombardier retained ownership of the factory facilities and leased them to Greenbrier/Gunderson.[14] Production of passenger railroad equipment continued to be undertaken by Bombardier (as subsidiary Bombardier-Concarril), using another part of the former-Concarril factory in Ciudad Sahagún.[14]

See also[edit]

  • MASA – Mexican government-owned bus manufacturer that was similarly privatized in the 1990s

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Site Fact Sheet: Bombardier Transportation Mexico – Site in Sahagún, State of Hidalgo, Mexico" (PDF). Bombardier, Inc. Retrieved 2013-12-22. 
  2. ^ Villaseñor, Víctor Manuel. Memorias de un Hombre de Izquierda, vol-2, p. 201
  3. ^ a b c d e "Company News: Mexican Unit To Bombardier". The New York Times. Associated Press. April 10, 1992. Retrieved 2013-12-22. 
  4. ^ C.R. Prather (October 1984). Mexico Railroads (regular news column). Pacific RailNews, p. 26. Glendale, CA (US): Interurban Press. Retrieved 2013-12-22.
  5. ^ a b c Bushell, Chris (ed.) (1991). Jane's Urban Transport Systems 1991, pp. 399–400. Coulsdon, Surrey (UK): Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0-7106-0951-5.
  6. ^ a b c Bugailiskis, Alex; Rozental, Andrés, eds. (2012). Canada Among Nations, 2011-2012: Canada and Mexico's Unfinished Agenda. McGill-Queen's Press. p. 50. ISBN 9780773586741. Retrieved 2013-12-22. 
  7. ^ a b c Mac Sebree and PRN Staff (August 1992). Industry in Transit news section. Pacific RailNews, p. 48. Retrieved 2013-12-22.
  8. ^ Light Rail & Modern Tramway, August 1992, pp. 218–219. UK: Ian Allan Publishing.
  9. ^ C.R. Prather (July 1989). Mexico Railroads (regular news column). Pacific RailNews, p. 12. Glendale, CA (US): Interurban Press. Retrieved 2013-12-22.
  10. ^ a b May, Jack (1994). "Mexico Says Sí to LRT: Light Rail South of the Border". 1994 Light Rail Annual & User's Guide, p. 7. Pasadena, CA (US): Pentrex. ISSN 0160-6913.
  11. ^ "Mexico boosting export efforts". The Kerrville Times (Kerrville, Texas). Associated Press. September 10, 1990. p. 2. Retrieved 2013-12-22. 
  12. ^ Harris, Ken (ed.) (2001). Jane's World Railways 2001–2002 (43rd edition), p. 599. Coulsdon, Surrey (UK): Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2335-5.
  13. ^ "Greenbrier buys out partner in Mexican venture". Portland Business Journal. December 7, 2004. Retrieved 2013-12-22. 
  14. ^ a b "Bombardier Announces the Sale to Greenbrier of its Interest in its Freight Cars Manufacturing Joint Venture in Mexico" (Press release). Montreal: Bombardier Inc. December 7, 2004. Retrieved 2013-12-22. 

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