Concatedral Dulce Nombre de Jesús (Humacao, Puerto Rico)

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Church Dulce Nombre de Jesús of Humacao
Humacao, Puerto Rico church.JPG
Concatedral Dulce Nombre de Jesús (Humacao, Puerto Rico) is located in Puerto Rico
Concatedral Dulce Nombre de Jesús (Humacao, Puerto Rico)
Location Town Plaza
Humacao, Puerto Rico
Coordinates 18°9′7″N 65°49′36″W / 18.15194°N 65.82667°W / 18.15194; -65.82667Coordinates: 18°9′7″N 65°49′36″W / 18.15194°N 65.82667°W / 18.15194; -65.82667
Built 1869
Architect Don Evaristo de Churruca
Architectural style Late Gothic Revival
Governing body Private
MPS Historic Churches of Puerto Rico TR
NRHP Reference # 84003140 [1]
Added to NRHP September 18, 1984

The Concatedral Dulce Nombre de Jesús, or in English the Co-Cathedral of the Sweet Name of Jesus, is a Catholic cathedral located on the town plaza in Humacao, Puerto Rico. Along with the Catedral Santiago Apóstol in Fajardo it is the seat of the Diocese of Fajardo-Humacao.[2] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Church Dulce Nombre de Jesus of Humacao in 1984.

History[edit]

The first church for the parish of Dulce Nombre de Jesús was a simple structure built in 1769.[3] A second church was built from 1825-1826. It was in a ruinous state by 1860 and the present church was built between 1868-1877. It was designed by Don Evaristo de Churruca in the Gothic Revival style. The bell tower collapsed as the result of an earthquake in 1918. The church was repaired in 1928 and another renovation took place in the 1980s. Dulce Nombre de Jesύs became a cathedral church when Pope Benedict XVI established the Diocese of Fajardo-Humacao on March 11, 2008.[4]

Architecture[edit]

The cathedral is on the east side of the town plaza. A low concrete wall with metal grillwork surrounds the church building. The wall is modulated by pillars that hold cast iron lamps. The building is cruciform in shape with a nave, transept and two side aisles. It is one of the few churches in Puerto Rico with a transept.[5] The main façade is dominated by a four-level square bell tower topped with a spire. It is flanked by two smaller round towers that house a spiral staircase and the weights for the clock. All the windows and doorways are framed with moldings. Small buttresses flank pointed arch windows on the sides of the building. The two-level transept is crowned with a gabled roof. Each side has two pointed-arch windows on the first level and round window in the second.

On the interior horizontal moldings have been eliminated to give the illusion of a taller structure.[5] Pillars separate the nave from the side aisles and they are assembled into five bays on each side. The main nave is covered by a pointed vault and the side naves are covered by groin vaults. Four pairs of small pointed arch windows are above the side aisles. There is a dome over the crossing, but it is covered by acoustic tiles and cannot be seen.[5] The apse is covered by a groined half-dome and contains stained glass windows. The floor is covered with colored native cement tiles and a new choir loft is in the rear of the church.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "Concatedral Dulce Nombre de Jesus". GCatholic. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  3. ^ "Concatedral Dulce Nombre de Jesύs (in Spanish)". Humacao. Retrieved 2011-01-14. 
  4. ^ "Diocese of Fajardo-Humacao". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2011-10-14. 
  5. ^ a b c "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form". National Park Service. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 

External links[edit]