Concerned Women for America
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The group was founded in San Diego, California in 1979 by Beverly LaHaye, wife of evangelical Christian minister Timothy LaHaye. It came as a response to activities by the National Organization for Women and a 1978 Barbara Walters interview with feminist Betty Friedan. Concerned Women for America says of itself:
We are the nation's largest public policy women's organization with a rich 32-year history of helping our members across the country bring Biblical principles into all levels of public policy. We help people focus on six core issues, which we have determined need Biblical principles most and where we can have the greatest impact.
CWA does not publish membership numbers, but external estimates range between 250,000 and 750,000, depending upon how membership is defined. As of 2006, the circulation of its free bimonthly newsletter, Family Voice, was estimated to be approximately 200,000 copies. The organization's current president and CEO is Penny Young Nance.
CWA operates on an annual budget of $8 million, which it receives mainly from membership donations and occasional grants from donors foundations.
Mission statement 
Its mission statement is: "The mission of CWA is to protect and promote Biblical values among all citizens - first through prayer, then education, and finally by influencing our society - thereby reversing the decline in moral values in our nation."
The CWA Statement of Faith is as follows:
- We believe the Bible to be the verbally inspired, inerrant Word of God and the final authority on faith and practice.
- We believe Jesus Christ is the divine Son of God, was born of a virgin, lived a sinless life, died a sacrificial death, rose bodily from the dead on the third day and ascended into Heaven from where He will come again to receive all believers unto Himself.
- We believe all men are fallen creations of Adam's race and in need of salvation by grace through personal faith in the Lord Jesus Christ.
- We believe it is our duty to serve God to the best of our ability and to pray for a moral and spiritual revival that will return this nation to the traditional values upon which it was founded.
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Concerned Women for America's public policy advocacy efforts are based on its six "core issues," which they see as Biblically-based and supported by scripture. These are:
- Family - "CWA believes that marriage consists of one man and one woman. We seek to protect and support the Biblical design of marriage and the gift of children." CWA donated $409,000 in support of Proposition 8, which banned same-sex marriage in the state of California. CWA also opposed the 1988 Act for Better Child Care (H.R. 3660), which would have provided government-sponsored child care for families in which both parents are working.
- Sanctity of Human Life - "CWA supports the protection of all innocent human life from conception until natural death. This includes the consequences resulting from abortion."
- Education - "CWA supports reform of public education by returning authority to parents." In 1983, CWA helped the plaintiff in the case Mozert v. Hawkins County School Board, a district court case in which said plaintiff believed it unconstitutional for said public school district to require specific reading material for students.
- Pornography - "CWA endeavors to fight all pornography and obscenity."
- Religious Liberty - "CWA supports the God-given rights of individuals in the United States and other nations to pray, worship and express their beliefs without fear of discrimination or persecution."
- National Sovereignty - "CWA believes that neither the United Nations nor any other international organization should have authority over the United States in any area. We also believe the United States has the right and duty to protect and secure our national borders."
Concerned Women for America's major areas of public policy activity in recent years have consisted of opposition to LGBT political causes (especially recognition of same-sex unions), promoting laws restricting abortion, supporting bans on embryonic stem-cell research, and working against pornography.
LGBT rights 
Concerned Women for America opposes legal recognition of LGBT rights as civil rights. CWA states that many state and federal laws define marriage as a legal union between a man and a woman, and it calls all forms of civil unions or domestic partnership between same-sex individuals "counterfeit marriage[s]"  that the group believes will be used "to take control and to have the force of law to legitimise their disordered, unnatural behaviors."
Opposition to gay marriage has also led the group to oppose hate crime legislation that includes sexual orientation, referring to such laws as "weapons against... people who might oppose the homosexual agenda, such as Christians preaching on the street, even Christians preaching from the pulpit around the world." Matt Barber, CWA’s Director of Cultural and Social Policy, suggests that false reports of hate crimes have been used to push legislation supporting the same-sex agenda, and in 2007, he asked for a federal investigation into these allegedly false reports.
CWA opposes the right of gay men and women to have consensual sex in their own homes. In April 2003, responding to the pending case of Lawrence v. Texas, then-Senator Rick Santorum stated, "If the Supreme Court says that you have the right to consensual (gay) sex within your home, then you have the right to bigamy, you have the right to polygamy, you have the right to incest, you have the right to adultery." After the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee demanded that Santorum resign as chairman of the Republican Senate Caucus, Concerned Women for America released a statement criticizing the "gay thought police" and saying Santorum was "exactly right." 
CWA asserts that homosexuality is against God's wishes for sexuality, describing homosexual behavior as "disordered," "unnatural," and "immoral." CWA has been a consistent opponent of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, which would prohibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in employment. Recent initiatives sponsored by CWA have placed emphasis on opposing programs geared towards LGBT teenagers on the basis that such programs "promote homosexuality," as well as opposing anti-bullying programs which explicitly mention sexual minority youth, stating that "the radical homosexual lobby has done a masterful job of infiltrating our government schools to gain control of the minds of America’s youth. Their propaganda tactics are time-tested. With liberal school officials in tow, they brazenly circumvent and abuse parental authority to use good-hearted but misguided children as pawns to further their deceptive agenda." CWA supports their position by claiming that homosexuals do not suffer from a history of discrimination, that reports of bias crimes against LGBT people are typically fabricated, and that such protections would violate the religious liberties of Christians.
Abortion, contraception and stem cell research 
The group opposes abortion in all cases, unless it is to save the life of the mother. It opposes emergency contraception, including after cases of rape, asserting that the ECP is actually an abortifacient. CWA asserts that most forms of birth control and all forms of hormonal birth control are abortifacients, triggering chemical abortions.
Sex education 
Concerned Women for America supports abstinence-only sex education, which it refers to as "abstinence-until-marriage." Linda Schauer, the State Director of CWA for South Dakota, in a letter to Gov. Mike Rounds (himself a known pro-life Roman Catholic), cited a study finding that one in four teenagers in South Dakota have a sexually transmitted disease to promote her organization's stance on the issue. According to Schauer, the CWA's stance on sex education intends to teach children the "dangers of sex outside of marriage and give them the tools to avoid promiscuity."
In opposition to abstinence-only programs, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., studied children age 9–11, following up on them five years later to find that the abstinence programs were ineffective. In a study of 2,057 teens, the report found that the likelihood of children educated with comprehensive sex education to remain abstinent for the next five years was about the same as that of those who received abstinence-only education. In response to this report, Valerie Mosher of CWA argued that "the findings about abstinence programs are based on a flawed design" because the children involved in the study were only educated in these programs from ages 9 to 11, which she believes was too young for the importance of abstinence to have taken effect.
"In fact they want to encourage that because they benefit when kids end up having sexually transmitted diseases, unintended pregnancies and then they lead them into having abortions. So you have to look at the financial motives behind those who are promoting comprehensive sex ed."
Creationism and school prayer 
CWA supports teaching intelligent design in public schools, arguing that courses only teaching evolution fail to give students a well-rounded view of the universe's creation. Concerned Women for America supports prayer in public schools, stating that "religious expression has been denied to students" since the implementation of twentieth-century legislation. Laurel MacLeod, writing for the CWA in an article titled "School Prayer And Religious Liberty: A Constitutional Perspective", suggests that the banning of prayer in public schools can be seen as a breach of the First Amendment. In a 1988 book titled America: To Pray or Not To Pray?, CWA claims that since the Engel v. Vitale Supreme Court case of 1962 outlawed government-directed prayer, morality has declined in public schools and society in general.
Indecency and obscenity 
Concerned Women for America opposes pornography, obscenity, and media indecency, specifically on satellite radio, and satellite and cable television. CWA supports "a la carte" cable and satellite television purchasing plans, allowing individuals to purchase access to individual channels, as opposed to programming packages. On August 22, 2006 CWA announced that they "strongly believe" hotel porn is prosecutable, and have issued an "urgent appeal" to the United States Department of Justice to "immediately investigate" two leading in-room adult movie distributors.
In a joint effort with thirteen other groups, it released an ad which stated "DOJ and FBI should immediately investigate whether 'adult' videos being sold in hotels by OnCommand and LodgeNet violate long-established Federal and State laws regarding distribution of obscene material. ... Adult hardcore pornography can tragically lead to sex crimes against women and children. ... Yet sex videos are available in millions of U.S. hotel rooms which we strongly believe are prosecutable."
Government spending 
In 2011, CWA launched an ad campaign critical of government spending and debt.
Holocaust caused by "Reason" 
Appearing on Fox News, CWA CEO Penny Nance was critical of Charlotte, North Carolina Mayor Anthony Foxx's call for a National Day of Reason. After quoting G. K. Chesterton's statement on original sin, Nance then said:
- "You know, the Age of Enlightenment and Reason gave way to moral relativism. And moral relativism is what led us all the way down the dark path to the Holocaust."."
See also 
- Ronnee Schreiber, 'Pro-Women, Pro-Palin, Antifeminist: Conservative Women and Conservative Movement Politics', in Crisis of Conservatism? The Republican Party, the Conservative Movement, & American Politics After Bush, Gillian Peele, Joel D. Aberbach (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0199764020, 2011, p. 133
- Gardiner, S., "Concerned Women for America: A Case Study", Feminism and Women's Studies, 28 August 2006. Online as of 19 April 2007.
- * "About CWA". Concerned Women for America.
- "Wendy Wright". Concerned Women for America. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
- * "Biblical Support for CWA Core Issues". Concerned Women for America.
- Hunter 1991, p. 188
- Hunter 1991, p. 270
- Suber, Peter, ed. "Mozert v. Hawkins City Board of Education". Earlham College. Retrieved 2009-08-05.
- Wright, W.,"New Zealand Calls for International Approval of "Sexual Orientation" Rights", Concerned Women for America, 18 April 2005. Online as of 17 April 2007.
- LaRue, J., Why Concerned Women for America opposes the Federal Marriage Amendment, Concerned Women for America, 18 August 2003. Online as of 16 April 2007.
- Barber, M., as transcribed by Korra'ti, R., Today's Cultural Warfare Update, Cultural Warfare Update, 1 March 2007. Online as of 17 April 2007.
- Barber, M. False ‘Hate Crime’ Reports Fueling Calls for Federal Legislation, Concerned Women for America, 12 April 2007. Online as of 16 April 2007.
- Barber, M., as transcribed by Korra'ti, R., Today's Cultural Warfare Update, Cultural Warfare Update, 13 April 2007. Online as of 16 April 2007.
- Loughlin, Sean (22 April 2003). "Santorum under fire for comments on homosexuality". CNN.com. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
- Barber, M., "Breaking Homosexual 'Silence' with Truth", Concerned Women for America, 11 April 2007
- Barber., M. "CWA: Broken Promise in the Promised Land", Concerned Women for America, 1 February 2007
- Barber, M., as transcribed by Korra'ti., R., "Today's Cultural Warfare Update", Cultural Warfare Update, 1 March 2007.
- Crouse, J., "What about the Morality of Homosexual Behavior?", Concerned Women for America, 19 March 2007.
- Knight, R., and Ervin II, K., "The Employment Non-Discrimination Act", Concerned Women for America, 1 May 2002
- "The Employment Non-Discrimination Act", Concerned Women for America, 18 November 1997
- LaBarbera, P., 15 Good Reasons to Oppose 'Sexual Orientation' (Homosexuality) Codes in Schools", Concerned Women for America, 19 June 2002
- Barber, M., "False ‘Hate Crime’ Reports Fueling Calls for Federal Legislation", Concerned Women for America, 12 April 2007
- Barber, M., as transcribed by Korra'ti, R., "Today's Cultural Warfare Update", Cultural Warfare Update, 13 April 2007. Online as of 23 April 2007.
- Morgan, K., "Recent Cases Show Homosexual Agenda’s Threat to Religious Liberty", Concerned Women for America, 7 May 2006.
- "'A Mighty Army': A dozen major groups help drive the religious right's anti-gay crusade". SPLC Intelligence Report, Spring 2005, Issue Number: 117. Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
- Pulkistenis, H.S. and Bossom, E., "Partial-Birth Abortion: The Right Choice All The Time", Concerned Women for America, 22 February 2006. Online as of 16 April 2007.
- LaRue, J., ‘Morning-After Pill’ for Rapists, Concerned Women for America, 16 March 2006. Online as of 16 April 2007.
- Bossom, E., Contraception as Brith Contol, Concerned Women for America, 8 March 2002. Online as of 16 April 2007.
- High-Tech "Birth Control": Heath Care or Health Risk?, Concerned Women for America pamphlet. Online as of 16 April 2007.
- Vick, H., Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Ethically Wrong Treatment of the Tiniest of Humans, Concerned Women for America, 1 May 2000. Online as of 16 April 2007.
- Schauer, Linda.  May 21, 2008. Retrieved 1-2-2009.
- Trenholm, Christopher. Barbara Devaney. Ken Fortson. Lisa Quay. Justin Wheeler. Melissa Clark "Impacts of Four Title V,Section 510 Abstinence Education Programs: Final Report". April 2007. 
- Mosher, Valerie. "CWA Says Study Debunking Abstinence Is Flawed"  4-13-2007. Retrieved 1-2-2009.
- Hurlburt, C., "Design, Darwinism and the Freedom to Learn", Family Voice, September–October 2001. Online as of 16 April 2007.
- MacLeod, L., "School Prayer And Religious Liberty: A Constitutional Perspective, Concerned Women for America, 1 September 2000. Online as of 16 April 2007.
- Hunter 1991, pp. 203–204, 368
- Kleder, M., "Broadcasters Join Forces; Challenge FCC Indecency Rulings", Concerned Women for America, 21 April 2007.
- Kleder, M., "Opie & Anthony Moving to XM Radio", Concerned Women for America, 9 August 2004.
- Kleder., F., "FCC Counts Nearly 7,000 “Victoria’s Secret” Complaints as One", Concerned Women for America, 2 April 2003.
- Kleder, M., "The Case for A La Carte Cable Pricing", Concerned Women for America, 7 April 2004. Online as of 20 April 2007.
- * Brynaert, Ron (2006-08-22). "Coalition of conservative groups believe hotel porn may be prosecutable". The Raw Story.
- Winkler, Jeff. "Women’s group launches parody ad attacking government spending". The Daily Caller. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
- * Daily Mail Reporter (2013-05-03). "Right-wing womens’ group says Obama's transportation nominee’s National Day of Reason is ‘an example of the type of thinking that led to the Holocaust’". UK Online.
- Hunter, James Davison (1991). Culture Wars: The Struggle to Define America. New York, N.Y., U.S.: BasicBooks. ISBN 0-465-01533-6.