Concerto for Piano and Wind Instruments (Stravinsky)

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The Concerto for Piano and Wind Instruments was written by Igor Stravinsky in Paris in 1923-1924. This work was revised in 1950.

It was composed four years after the Symphonies of Wind Instruments, which he wrote upon his arrival in Paris after his stay in Switzerland. These two compositions are from Stravinsky's neoclassical period, and represent a departure from the composer's previous Russian style of The Rite of Spring.

This concerto numbers among many works for piano written about the same time to be played by the composer himself. This is also true of Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra (1929), his Sonata of 1924 and his Serenade in A (1925). He kept the performance rights to himself for a number of years, wanting the engagements for playing this work for himself, as well as urgently desiring to keep "incompetent or Romantic hands" from "interpreting" the piece before undiscriminating audiences.[1]

Orchestration[edit]

The orchestra is scored for two flutes, piccolo, two oboes, cor anglais, two clarinets, two bassoons (second bassoon doubling contrabassoon), four horns, four trumpets, three trombones and tuba and accompanied by timpani, cymbals. Although combining winds and piano was unusual at the time, the form had been explored earlier in the twentieth century and would be explored later.

Première[edit]

The concerto debuted under Serge Koussevitzky at the Opera of Paris on May 22, 1924 under the direction of the composer, who played the piano. Koussevitzky had requested such a work of Stravinsky.[2]

Stravinsky made his British radio debut in the British premiere of the work, on June 19, 1927, with the Wireless Symphony Orchestra (the fore-runner of the BBC Symphony Orchestra)[3] conducted by his friend and champion Edward Clark.[4]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Steinberg, The Concerto: A Listener's Guide (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1998) ISBN 0-19-510330-0 (cloth) ISBN 0-19-513931-3 (pbk), 467.
  2. ^ Igor Stravinsky Concerto for Piano and Wind Instruments, revised edition 1950 (Hawkes Pocket Scores 724, London and New York: Boosey & Hawkes, 1960),[page needed]
  3. ^ Lewis Foreman, Susan Foreman, London: A Musical Gazetteer
  4. ^ Gareth James Thomas, The Impact of Russian Music in England 1893-1929

External links[edit]