||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (May 2012)|
|Born||Concepción Andrés Picado
September 11, 1912
San Sebastian, Spain
|Died||April 22, 2007 (age 94)
|Occupation||Actress, singer and dancer|
Conchita Montenegro (San Sebastian, September 11, 1912 – Madrid, April 22, 2007) was a Spanish model, dancer, stage and screen actress. She was educated in a convent in Madrid, Spain. Her sister, Juanita Montenegro, was also an actress.
Montenegro first worked professionally as a model for the famous painter Ignacio Zuloaga y Zabaleta. During her childhood she learnt classical and Spanish dance. She was credited with revolutionizing the presentation of Spanish dances. Montenegro turned from dancing to dramatic acting and starred in numerous productions. She attained theatrical fame in Hollywood, France, and Germany by the time she was thirteen years old. At the age of sixteen, she starred in the French film La Femme et le pantin (1928), directed by Jacques de Baroncelli.
She came to Hollywood in June 1930 with a contract at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. She was seventeen years old and could not speak a word of English. Montenegro learned enough English in three months to play the leading female part in Never the Twain Shall Meet (1931), with Leslie Howard, at the age of eighteen. The movie is the English language version of a story written by Peter B. Kyne. The motion picture was directed by W.S. Van Dyke.
Prior to this performance, Montenegro was cast in Spanish versions of MGM movies, among them Call of the Flesh and Way for a Sailor (both 1930). The former featured Ramon Novarro while the latter starred Jose Crespo.
Her next screen project was Strangers May Kiss (1931). starring Norma Shearer, and with Montenegro as the ingenue role, playing a Spanish dancer. By mid-1931, Montenegro had left MGM and signed with Fox Film Corporation. She was to play in both Spanish and English language motion pictures.
In August 1931, she was aboard the Southern Pacific Argonaut passenger train. The train was wrecked near Yuma, Arizona and killed two trainmen. Luckily for Montenegro she was in the second section along with actors Warner Baxter and Edmund Lowe. The forty people among the film company were unharmed when the second section did not crash into the wrecked first section. The steam engine, two cars of the baggage car section, and a day coach overturned after the train struck a roadbed which had been softened by rain. The Argonaut was en route to a location shoot for The Cisco Kid (1931), in Tucson. Playing Carmencita, Montenegro had the primary female role and was the main source of strife between the Lowe and Baxter characters.
The Fox Film studio selected three of its own stars in opposition to the thirteen actresses chosen as WAMPAS Baby Stars, sponsored by the Western Association of Motion Picture Advertisers. The three were Montenegro, Helen Mack, and Linda Watkins. Eleven Fox publicity men resigned in protest of the WAMPAS decision to eschew naming any Fox starlets among its list of actresses most likely to achieve success. In addition Fox promised to name budding stars, or Fox debutante stars, annually.
Montenegro was sometimes featured in stage shows which coincided with the screening of film premieres. One such instance was the premiere of A Passport To Hell, which starred Elissa Landi. The movie debuted at the Loew's Kings Theater in August 1932. Montenegro provided the vaudeville entertainment beforehand. On another occasion she teamed with Teddy Joyce in the stage show for the opening of The Kennel Murder Case (1933). The film screened at the Warner Brothers Hollywood Theater. Together with Will Rogers, Montenegro performed an Adagio for Strings number prior to the premiere of Handy Andy (1934).
Her movie career in America endured until 1940. That year she performed the leading female part in Eternal Melodies (Melodie eterne). The story focused on the unrequited first love of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Playing Alois Weber, Montenegro jilts Gino Cervi, who portrays the composer in the Italian language production.
Montenegro applied for naturalization papers in Chicago, Illinois on March 16, 1932. She married a Brazilian actor, Raoul Roulien, in Paris, France, on September 19, 1935. The couple toured South America and produced a motion picture called Jangada (1936). The film dealt with the customs of primitive peoples in South America. More famous was the Spanish version of El grito de la juventud, in Argentina (1939). A short time later they were divorced.
In 1944, Montenegro married the Spanish diplomat Ricardo Giménez Arnau, a senior member of the far right Falangist party and ambassador to the Holy See.
Following a rare interview with Montenegro shortly before her death, Spanish author José Rey-Ximena claims that British actor Leslie Howard used her to get close to Spanish dictator Franco after being given the special mission by Winston Churchill. She claimed that she used her husband's influence to secure a meeting between the British actor and the Spanish dictator. "Thanks to him, at least in theory, Spain was persuaded to stay out of the war," Mr Rey-Ximena went on to claim of Howard. According to the author, Montenegro had an affair with Howard after the pair starred together in the 1931 film Never the Twain Shall Meet.
Montenegro collected dolls and woolly animals as a hobby. She acquired the reputation of a social leader in the Spanish Hollywood film colony. She leased a large house and was hostess at many gatherings.
After filming several movies in Spain, the last one Lola Montes in 1944, she retired forever from the cinema, refusing any interview or presence in the media, even to honour her.
- Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Times, Films Please Spanish Star After Stage, Monday, November 14, 1932, Page 5.
- Los Angeles Times, Spanish Actress to Play in Film, June 12, 1930, Page A1.
- Los Angeles Times, M.-G.-M. Signs Spanish Star, January 9, 1931, Page A9.
- Los Angeles Times, Spanish Actress Has Ingenue Lead, January 21, 1931, Page A9.
- Los Angeles Times, Conchita Applauded, July 11, 1931, Page A7.
- Los Angeles Times, Two Killed In Wreck Of Train From Los Angeles, August 6, 1931, Page 1.
- Los Angeles Times, Film Debutantes Make Bow In Row, August 24, 1931, Page A1.
- Los Angeles Times, Cisco Kid Booked For Two Houses, October 4, 1931, Page B11.
- Los Angeles Times, Citizenship Sought By Flim Actress, March 17, 1932, Page 3.
- Los Angeles Times, Talented Actress Stars On Screen, August 19, 1932, Page A9.
- Los Angeles Times, Stage Star Conchita, October 25, 1933, Page 11.
- Los Angeles Times, They're Adagio Dancers, July 24, 1934, Page 11.
- Los Angeles Times, Hollywood Couple Wed In France, September 20, 1935, Page 11.
- Los Angeles Times, Stellar Couple to Return With Film, August 12, 1936, Page 15.
- Los Angeles Times, Musical Bill Now on View, December 5, 1949, Page B9.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Conchita Montenegro.|
- Conchita Montenegro at the Internet Movie Database
- Photographs of Conchita Montenegro
- , ,  Some videos with photographs and fragments of movies.
- Bio and complete movies list