Concordia (ship)

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This article is about the sail training ship. For the cruise ship that ran aground in 2012, see Costa Concordia. For other ships, see Concordia.
Concordia i Sørlandet 5.JPG
Concordia and Sørlandet in 2007.
Career
Name: Concordia
Owner: West Island College, Montreal
Port of registry: The Bahamas Nassau, Bahamas (1992– )
Barbados Bridgetown, Barbados ( -2010)
Builder: Colod, Szczecin
Launched: 1992
Completed: 1992
In service: April 1992
Out of service: 17 February 2010
Homeport: Lunenburg, Nova Scotia
Identification: IMO Number 1001269
MMSI Number 314178000
Callsign 8PRN
Fate: Capsized and sank
General characteristics
Tonnage: 413 GT
123 NT
495 DWT
Length: 57.50 m (188 ft 8 in)
Beam: 9.44 m (31 ft 0 in)
Height: 35.00 m (114 ft 10 in)
Draft: 4.00 m (13 ft 1 in)
Depth of hold: 1 × MAN diesel engine (570 hp (430 kW))
Sail plan: Barquentine
993 m2 (10,690 sq ft) sail area
Speed: 9 knots (17 km/h) (engine)
Crew: 8 (min) – 66 (max)
Concordia (ship) is located in Brazil
Concordia (ship)
Magnify-clip.png
Location where Concordia sank off Brazil.

Concordia was a steel-hulled barquentine that was built in Poland in 1992 for the West Island College, Montreal, Canada. She served as a sail training ship until she capsized and sank on 17 February 2010.

Description[edit]

Concordia was built by Colod of Szczecin, Poland in 1991, and completed in April 1992.[1] She was 57.50 metres (188 ft 8 in) long, with a beam of 9.44 metres (31 ft 0 in) and a draft of 4.00 metres (13 ft 1 in). She was 35.00 metres (114 ft 10 in) to the top of the highest mast. Her hull was made of steel, and she was rigged as a barquentine. As well as sails, she was propelled by a MAN diesel engine, which could propel her at 9 knots (17 km/h).[2]

History[edit]

Concordia was designed by Ryszard Langer and owned by the West Island College Class Afloat program. Her port of registry was Bridgetown, Barbados but she was based in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.[3] On 5 December 1996, an explosion on board during battery charging resulted in the death of a crewmember.[1]

Sinking[edit]

On 17 February 2010, SV Concordia encountered what the vessel's Captain called a microburst[4] some 550 kilometres (300 nmi) southeast of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in rough seas and high winds.[5] The vessel was knocked onto its side within 15 seconds[6] and eventually sank 20 minutes afterward.[7]

In September 2011, the Transportation Safety Board of Canada report found, "The wind speeds experienced by the vessel at the time of the knockdown were most likely in the range of 25 to 50 knots (46 to 93 km/h; 29 to 58 mph). While there was probably a vertical component to the wind, there is no evidence that a microburst occurred at the time of the knockdown." The report also found the vessel was operated in a way that did not allow it to, "...react to changing weather conditions appropriately and maintain the stability of the vessel."[3][8]

"The risk of a knockdown was not understood," said TSB board member Jonathan Seymour. As a result, "appropriate action" – including reducing sail, changing course or sealing water-ingress points – was not taken before the squall hit.

Globe and Mail, September 29, 2011[9]

All aboard successfully abandoned ship. As the capsizing was so fast, no radio distress call was made but a distress radiobeacon (EPIRB) was hydrostatically released and automatically activated[10] when the vessel sank.

The Concordia sank at 1423 hrs local time Wednesday. At 1425 Concordia's Bosun Geoffrey Byers swam to retrieve the EPIRB and brought it aboard the rafts. The Captain directed that someone hold the EPIRB upright at all times and keep it safe from damage.[11] The EPIRB signal was received at 1505 hrs by the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GOES 12. The position of the sinking, 27°28′S 40°53′W / 27.467°S 40.883°W / -27.467; -40.883Coordinates: 27°28′S 40°53′W / 27.467°S 40.883°W / -27.467; -40.883, was resolved at 1525 local time. The TSB report noted the EPIRB database only listed one telephone number for the Concordia and that number had not been in service since 2004.[3]

The following morning at 0806 hrs the Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre Brazil sent a fax to Joint Rescue Coordination Centre Halifax requesting information about the Concordia.[3] After attempting to contact the Concordia a Brazilian Air Force aircraft was dispatched at 17 hrs local time Thursday and sighted the liferafts 3 hours later.[12]

The survivors spent nearly 30 hours in liferafts before the aircraft spotted them. Flares were fired from the rafts, and the aircraft blinked its landing lights in response and directed nearby merchant ships to the scene. The lights of the Mitsui O.S.K. Lines[13] woodchip carriers Hokuetsu Delight and Crystal Pioneer were sighted by the survivors at 1:30 am local time and the rescue was completed by 8 am local time.[11]

41 hours after the sinking the crew were safely aboard the rescue ships.[14] All 64 people (48 students, eight teachers and eight crew) who were on board were rescued from 3 large and 1 small liferafts.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Departmental investigation into a fall from aloft aboard the CONCORDIA on 5 December 1996". Australian Transport Safety Board. Retrieved 21 February 2010. 
  2. ^ "Specifications and Decks". Class Afloat. Retrieved 21 February 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Transportation Safety Board of Canada Marine Reports – 2010 – M10F0003 Knockdown and Capsizing – Sail Training Yacht Concordia 300 miles SSE off Rio de Janeiro, Brazil". 
  4. ^ "U.S. expert says microburst hit N.S.-based sailing school that sank off Brazil". Retrieved 4 April 2010. 
  5. ^ "Students safe after capsizing of N.S.-based ship". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 19 February 2010. Retrieved 21 February 2010. 
  6. ^ "SV Concordia Sinks, Crew Safe". Retrieved 23 February 2010. 
  7. ^ "Timeline of a sinking ship". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 22 February 2010. Retrieved 23 February 2010. 
  8. ^ Sherri Zickefoose; Bradley Bouzane; Keith Bonnell (30 September 2011). "Calgary family not surprised as investigation blames crew inexperience for sinking of Class Afloat ship". The Calgary Herald. Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Crew unaware of risks in Concordia sinking near Brazil, report finds". The Globe and Mail. 29 September 2011. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "GME EPIRB credited for saving all 64 in schoolship sinking". Sail-world.com. Retrieved 9 March 2010. 
  11. ^ a b Pynn, Larry. "Shipwrecked: Adrift on the high seas". Vancouver Sun. Archived from the original on 6 February 2011. Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  12. ^ Azzoni, Tales (22 February 2010). "Brazil defends its search efforts in shipwreck". Seattle Times. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  13. ^ "Two MOL-owned Woodchip Carriers Rescue Shipwrecked Students". Mitsui O.S.K. Lines Press Release. Retrieved 7 March 2010. 
  14. ^ Simpson, Jeffrey (20 February 2010). "Rescued Canadians dock in Rio". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 February 2010. 
  15. ^ "Ship's survivors recall scramble to safety". Toronto: The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 1 March 2010. 

External links[edit]