IND Concourse Line

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IND Concourse Line
NYCS-line-black-Concourse.svg
The B train serves the IND Concourse Line south of Bedford Park Boulevard during weekday rush hours only while the D train serves the entire line at all times.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System New York City Subway
Locale Manhattan and The Bronx
Termini Norwood – 205th Street
145th Street
Stations 12
Daily ridership 223,492[1]
Operation
Opening 1933[2]
Owner City of New York
Operator(s) New York City Transit Authority
Character Underground
Technical
No. of tracks 2-3
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification 600V DC third rail
IND Concourse Line
Provision for expansion to White Plains Road
Norwood – 205th Street
Concourse Yard / IRT Jerome Avenue Line
Bedford Park Boulevard
Kingsbridge Road
Fordham Road
182nd–183rd Streets
Tremont Avenue
174th–175th Streets
170th Street
167th Street
161st Street – Yankee Stadium IRT Jerome Avenue Line
Hudson Line
Concourse Tunnel
155th Street
145th Street
IND Eighth Avenue Line

The Concourse Line is an IND subway line of the New York City Subway system. It runs from Norwood – 205th Street in Norwood, Bronx to 145th Street in Harlem, Manhattan. It is the only B Division line in the Bronx, as well as the only fully underground line in the Bronx.

Description and service[edit]

  Time period Section of line
rush hours other times
B local no service south of Bedford Park Blvd
D express local entire line

The Concourse Line begins as a two-track line at Norwood – 205th Street. As it travels west, a center track forms which leads to the Concourse Yard. The line then curves south to the Grand Concourse, which it derives its name from since it runs underneath the roadway for most of its route. Two tracks from the Concourse Yard arrive between the two revenue tracks with switches and diamond crossovers between all four of them before the yard tracks merge is one to form the center track at Bedford Park Boulevard.

Passing over 175th Street

South of this station, the two outer tracks merge as one center express track while the center track splits in two and become the local tracks of the Concourse Line. The line then runs south with diamond crossovers at Tremont Avenue. Due to the terrain, the vicinity of 174th–175th Street station is uniquely built both underground and over 175th Street. Between 170th Street and 167th Street are more switches and crossovers, with a lay-up track adjacent to the Manhattan-bound local track.

The line curves west before 161st Street – Yankee Stadium and crosses the Harlem River into Manhattan via the Concourse Tunnel. There is one more stop, 155th Street, before the line curves south and joins the IND Eighth Avenue Line at the lower level of 145th Street.

History[edit]

The Concourse Line opened on July 1, 1933,[3] less than ten months after the IND's first line, the Eighth Avenue Line, opened for service. Initial service was provided by the C train, at that time an express train, between 205th Street, then via the IND Eighth Avenue Line, Cranberry Street Tunnel and the IND South Brooklyn Line (now Culver Line) to Bergen Street. The CC provided local service between Bedford Park Boulevard and Hudson Terminal (now World Trade Center).

On December 15, 1940, with the opening of the IND Sixth Avenue Line, the D train began serving the IND Concourse Line with the C and CC. It made express stops in peak during rush hours and Saturdays and local stops at all other times. C service was discontinued in 1949-51, but reinstated in 1985 when double letters used to indicate local service was discontinued. The D made local stops along the Concourse Line at all times except rush hours, when the C ran local to Bedford Park Boulevard. On March 1, 1998, the B train replaced the C as the rush-hour local on the Concourse Line.

Except for minor maintenance work and a station rehabilitation at 161st Street – Yankee Stadium, stations on the Concourse Line have largely been untouched since its opening in 1933, except for entrance closings and other reductions in service areas.

It is of note that the line was originally intended to be four tracks, rather than three tracks, to Bedford Park Boulevard. This is the only IND line with three tracks (all other IND lines have either two or four tracks), and the 145th Street station was originally provisioned for four tracks. Additionally, the line is mostly straight north of 161st Street – Yankee Stadium, but makes a slight right turn to end at Norwood – 205th Street, with a provision to extend to Baychester Avenue and Boston Road. When the line was opened in 1933, a proposed expansion of the New York City Subway had multiple IND lines criss-crossing the five boroughs; however, the country was in the midst of the Great Depression, and the city had neither the money nor the need to either extend the line east of 205th Street or make the line four tracks. The city found it easier and less expensive to purchase the IRT Dyre Avenue Line, extingushing the plans for the IND Concourse Line to extend to Baychester Avenue.

Station listing[edit]

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Time period details


Neighborhood
(approximate)
Handicapped/disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
Norwood Norwood – 205th Street all D all times July 1, 1933
Center track begins from connection to Concourse Yard
Bedford Park Bedford Park Boulevard all B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all times July 1, 1933 Northern Terminal of B rush hours until 7:00 p.m.
Complex trackwork (Center track and Local tracks switch places) Track Map
Kingsbridge Road all B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all times July 1, 1933
Fordham Fordham Road all B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all times July 1, 1933 Bx12 Select Bus Service
Connection to Metro-North Railroad (Harlem and New Haven Lines at Fordham)
182nd–183rd Streets local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933
Tremont Tremont Avenue all B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all times July 1, 1933
174th–175th Streets local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933
Highbridge 170th Street local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933
167th Street local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933
Handicapped/disabled access 161st Street – Yankee Stadium local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933 IRT Jerome Avenue Line (4 all times)
Connection to Metro-North Railroad (Hudson Line at Yankees – East 153rd Street)
Crosses Harlem River into Manhattan via the Concourse Tunnel
Harlem 155th Street local B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all except rush hours, peak direction July 1, 1933
145th Street all B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times September 10, 1932 IND Eighth Avenue Line (A all times C all except late nights)
Merges with IND Eighth Avenue Line (B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times)


References[edit]

  1. ^ MTA. "Average weekday subway ridership". Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  2. ^ nycsubway.org—The Independent's Expansion in the 1930s
  3. ^ "New Bronx Subway Starts Operation". The New York Times. July 1, 1933. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 

External links[edit]

Media related to IND Concourse Line at Wikimedia Commons