Concressault

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Concressault
Coat of arms of Concressault
Coat of arms
Concressault is located in France
Concressault
Concressault
Coordinates: 47°29′24″N 2°34′37″E / 47.49°N 2.5769°E / 47.49; 2.5769Coordinates: 47°29′24″N 2°34′37″E / 47.49°N 2.5769°E / 47.49; 2.5769
Country France
Region Centre-Val de Loire
Department Cher
Arrondissement Bourges
Canton Vailly-sur-Sauldre
Intercommunality Cœur du Pays Fort
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Anne-Marie Legras
Area1 7.45 km2 (2.88 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 227
 • Density 30/km2 (79/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 18070 / 18260
Elevation 175–272 m (574–892 ft)
(avg. 183 m or 600 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Concressault is a commune in the Cher department in the Centre region of France.

Geography[edit]

A small farming village situated by the banks of the Sauldre river, some 27 miles (43 km) north of Bourges at the junction of the D8 with the D11 and D21 roads.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1962 224 —    
1968 261 +16.5%
1975 232 −11.1%
1982 216 −6.9%
1990 236 +9.3%
1999 214 −9.3%
2008 227 +6.1%

History[edit]

In the medieval period, Concressault was surrounded by fortifications and therefore had the status of "city". The village developed itself around a castle built some distance aside of the older village of Dampierre-en-Crot. The new village ended up, at some point in the past, being more important than the first one. .[1]

[2]

The castle[edit]

In a his manuscript on the Berry,[3] Nicolas de Nicolay gave up a description of the castle as it was in 1567. According to him, he fortress got ruined by the English during the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453). A short time after the destruction it got rebuilt in a more solid form by the Duke Jean de Berry (1340-1416). The castle had an hexagonal shape, with 32 meters high and 12 meters thick walls made of hard rocks. Buildings were built out of colored bricks and covered by slate. The moats were 32 meters large and 4 meters deep.

Sir John Stewart of Darnley, a Scottish nobleman, was awarded the title of "Lord of Concressault" thanks to his participation to the Battle of Baugé. In March 1423, he also becomes the Lord of Aubigny-sur-Nère. Under the reign of Charles VII (1422-1462) the castle was besieged again by the English who were not able to take control of it. Chased by the French, they mistaked a narrow pit for the Sauldre river, that they thought they could pass through a ford. Lots of them sank and the pit got called "la fosse aux Anglais" (literally: the pit of the English).

[4]

Sights[edit]

  • The church of St. Pierre, dating from the fifteenth century.
  • The ruins of a fourteenth-century castle, destroyed by the English during the Hundred Years War.
  • Two old watermills and ancient barns at the Domaine du Moulin au Riche.
  • A museum, the Musée de la Sorcellerie.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archives départementales de l’Indre, Berry médiéval : à la découverte de l’Indre au Moyen Âge, catalogue d’exposition, Châteauroux, Archives départementales de l’Indre, 2009, p. 53
  2. ^ translated from French wikipedia page
  3. ^ Description du Berry et diocèse de Bourges au Template:S-, par Nicolas de Nicolay publié […] par Victor Advielle, Paris, 1865 (le manuscrit est daté de 1567).
  4. ^ translated from French wikipedia page

External links[edit]