Condalia

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Condalia
Condalia globosa 2.jpg
C. globosa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rhamnaceae
Tribe: Rhamneae
Genus: Condalia
Cav.
Species

See text

Synonyms

Microrhamnus A.Gray[1]

Condalia is a genus of spiny shrubs in the tribe Rhamneae of the buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae.[1] It was named for Antonio Condal, an 18th Spanish physician.[2] Members of the genus are native to tropical and subtropical deserts and xeric shrublands in North and South America. The ranges of each species vary considerably; some are confined to only a few square miles, while others can be found on an area up to 1,000 sq mi (2,600 km2).[3]

Common names[edit]

Condalia species are often commonly referred to as Bluewood, Purple Haw, Logwood,[4] or Snakewood in English. Southern hemisphere species are of Spanish or Amerindian origin as in "piquillín" or "yuna". Though prevalent, snakewood is a broad name and should not be used to establish the identity of any particular species.

Taxonomy[edit]

Research performed on the members of Condalia usually concerns only the species native to North or South America; taxonomy is determined for only one group of species. As a result, a consensus has not been reached regarding the composition of the genus.

Uses[edit]

The amount of research conducted on the economic and medical uses of Condalia species is small. However, biochemical features of this genus are currently being studied.[5]

Species[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Genus: Condalia Cav.". Germplasm Information Resources Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2010-01-25. 
  2. ^ Vines, Robert A. (1984). Trees of Central Texas. University of Texas Press. p. 277. ISBN 978-0-292-78058-3. 
  3. ^ Cabrera, A. L. (1965–1970) "Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires", Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  4. ^ Grandtner, Miroslav M. (2005). Elsevier's Dictionary of Trees: With Names in Latin, English, French, Spanish and Other Languages 1. Elsevier. p. 245. ISBN 978-0-444-51784-5. 
  5. ^ Frontera, M; Tomás, MA; Diez, A; Watson, C & Mulet, C. (2000) "Phytochemical Study of Condalia microphylla Cav.", INIQO, Departamento de Química, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Argentina.
  6. ^ "Condalia Cav.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  7. ^ "Condalia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-01-25. 
  8. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Condalia". Germplasm Information Resources Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-10-15.