# Condensation lemma

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In set theory, a branch of mathematics, the condensation lemma is a result about sets in the constructible universe.

It states that if X is a transitive set and is an elementary submodel of some level of the constructible hierarchy Lα, that is, $(X,\in)\prec (L_\alpha,\in)$, then in fact there is some ordinal $\beta\leq\alpha$ such that $X=L_\beta$.

More can be said: If X is not transitive, then its transitive collapse is equal to some $L_\beta$, and the hypothesis of elementarity can be weakened to elementarity only for formulas which are $\Sigma_1$ in the Lévy hierarchy. Also, the assumption that X be transitive automatically holds when $\alpha=\omega_1$.

The lemma was formulated and proved by Kurt Gödel in his proof that the axiom of constructibility implies GCH.