Condensing osteitis

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Condensing osteitis
Classification and external resources
DiseasesDB 33858

Condensing osteitis is a periapical inflammatory disease, that results from a reaction to an infection of periodontal origin. This causes more bone production rather than bone destruction in the area (most common site is near the root apices of premolars and molars). The lesion appears as a radiopacity in the periapical area hence the sclerotic reaction. The sclerotic reaction results from good patient resistance and a low degree of virulence of the offending bacteria. The associated tooth may be carious or contains a large restoration. Usually associated with a non-vital tooth

Synonyms[edit]

  • Chronic focal sclerosing osteomyelitis[1]
  • Garre's disease (described by Dr. Carl Garré in 1893)

Etiology[edit]

Infection of periapical tissues of a high immunity host by organisms of low virulence.

Treatment[edit]

The process is usually asymptomatic and benign, in which case the tooth does not require endodontic treatment.[2]

The offending tooth should be tested for vitality of the pulp, if inflamed or necrotic, then endodontic treatment is required, while hopeless teeth should be extracted.

Prognosis[edit]

The prognosis is excellent, as no treatment is usually required. If the offending tooth is extracted, the area of condensing osteitis may remain in the jaws indefinitely, which is termed osteosclerosis or bone scar.

Differential Diagnosis[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mosby's Review for NBDE part 2, page 4
  2. ^ Mosby's Review for NBDE part 2, page 4
  • Kahn, Michael A. Basic Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. Volume 1. 2001.