Condobolin

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Condobolin
New South Wales
CondobolinMainStreet.JPG
Main street of Condobolin
Condobolin is located in New South Wales
Condobolin
Condobolin
Coordinates 33°05′19″S 147°08′58″E / 33.08861°S 147.14944°E / -33.08861; 147.14944Coordinates: 33°05′19″S 147°08′58″E / 33.08861°S 147.14944°E / -33.08861; 147.14944
Population 2,847 (2006 census)[1]
Established 1859
Postcode(s) 2877
Elevation 220 m (722 ft)
Location 463 km (288 mi) from Sydney
LGA(s) Lachlan Shire
State electorate(s) Lachlan
Federal Division(s) Parkes
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
24.8 °C
77 °F
11.0 °C
52 °F
449.4 mm
17.7 in

Condobolin /kənˈdblən/[2] is a town in the west of the Central West region of New South Wales, Australia, on the Lachlan River. At the 2006 census, Condobolin had a population of 2,847.[1]

History[edit]

Shire Hall built 1910

Prior to European settlement, the area was inhabited by the Wiradjuri people.

The name Condobolin is suggested by some to have evolved from the Aboriginal word Cundabullen — shallow crossing. The crossing was located a short distance below the junction of the Lachlan River and the Goobang Creek.[3] Others suggest that the town's name from the Wiradjuri word for 'hop bush', or 'hop brush'.[4][5]

The area was explored by John Oxley in 1817 and Thomas Mitchell in 1836. The 'Condoublin' run was established by 1844.[3] There had been squatters in the district since Mitchell's 1836 exploration. Closer settlement of the area began in 1880 when the large runs were broken up into smaller holdings.

The town of Condobolin was proclaimed in 1859. The railway arrived in 1898, and the town's population boomed, assisted by finds in 1885 of copper north of the town and in 1896 of gold in the district, north-west of the town. A major copper and gold mine was in operation at Condobolin from 1898 until around 1910. Agriculture is still a major influence on the town, production having expanded with the damming of the Lachlan River in 1935 by the Wyangala Dam.[4] Wheat, barley, canola, wool, sheep and cattle are produced in the district. In more recent years irrigation has brought horticulture and cotton to the Lachlan River area.[6]

The video clip for Shannon Noll's first single What About Me? was filmed here.

Geography[edit]

Condobolin is very close to Mount Tilga, which is said by some to be the geographical centre of New South Wales. Geosciences Australia's Bicentennial project however suggests near the Five Ways, 33 km west north west of Tottenham as one possible centre and makes no reference to Mount Tilga.[7]

Condobolin is located at the junction of Lachlan River and Goobang Creek. It is 463 kilometres (288 mi) west of Australia's largest city, Sydney.

Close to Condobolin is the Overflow Station, the setting of the poem Clancy of the Overflow by Banjo Paterson. The poem is about a Queensland drover and a sheep shearer responsible for herding large mobs of sheep long distances to market.

Climate[edit]

The area features a hot semi-arid climate.

Climate data for Condobolin Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.6
(114.1)
44.0
(111.2)
40.9
(105.6)
37.0
(98.6)
28.5
(83.3)
25.5
(77.9)
24.8
(76.6)
28.7
(83.7)
37.1
(98.8)
38.1
(100.6)
42.6
(108.7)
43.8
(110.8)
45.6
(114.1)
Average high °C (°F) 33.7
(92.7)
33.0
(91.4)
29.8
(85.6)
24.7
(76.5)
19.8
(67.6)
15.8
(60.4)
15.2
(59.4)
17.4
(63.3)
21.2
(70.2)
25.4
(77.7)
29.1
(84.4)
32.3
(90.1)
24.8
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
18.4
(65.1)
15.4
(59.7)
10.8
(51.4)
7.3
(45.1)
4.6
(40.3)
3.7
(38.7)
4.9
(40.8)
7.3
(45.1)
10.8
(51.4)
14.2
(57.6)
16.9
(62.4)
11.1
(52)
Record low °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
9.2
(48.6)
5.6
(42.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.0
(23)
−5.0
(23)
−2.6
(27.3)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.0
(37.4)
4.7
(40.5)
8.3
(46.9)
−5.0
(23)
Precipitation mm (inches) 43.2
(1.701)
38.2
(1.504)
37.9
(1.492)
33.8
(1.331)
35.3
(1.39)
36.5
(1.437)
33.9
(1.335)
35.5
(1.398)
31.6
(1.244)
41.5
(1.634)
35.3
(1.39)
39.7
(1.563)
442.4
(17.417)
Avg. precipitation days 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.4 5.7 7.3 7.3 7.0 5.9 6.0 4.8 4.7 65.8
Source: [8]

Events[edit]

Condobolin is the home to a two-day cross country navigational rally, known as the "Condo 750". Now in its 10th year, the Condo 750 runs over a variety of private and public roads and tracks and attracts competitors from all over Australia. It is a CAMS and MA sanctioned event. The course is made up of competitive sections known as selective sections which are timed over private tracks around the various sheep and cattle stations, these range in length from 20 to 70 kilometres (12 to 43 mi). Non-competitive road sections on public roads join the sections, these range from 0.2 to 30 kilometres (0.12 to 18.64 mi). The total length of the course is over 750 kilometres (470 mi).

Transport[edit]

Condobolin railway station opened in 1898[9] and lies on the Broken Hill railway line. The station is served by the twice-weekly Indian Pacific train, as well as NSW TrainLink's Broken Hill Outback Xplorer train. This train heads to Broken Hill on Mondays (Stopping at 2:01pm) and to Sydney on Tuesdays (Stopping at 1:41pm).

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Condobolin (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ a b "Condobolin". Historical Towns Directory. Hallmark Editions: Australian Heritage Magazine. Retrieved 2006-05-03. 
  4. ^ a b "Condobolin". Travel. Sydney Morning Herald. 2005. Retrieved 2006-05-03. 
  5. ^ "Condobolin". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "About our area: History". CTC@Condobolin. Western Plains Regional Development Inc.: Community Technology Centre. Retrieved 2006-05-03. 
  7. ^ http://www.ga.gov.au/education/geoscience-basics/dimensions/centre-aus-states-territories.jsp#nsw
  8. ^ "BOM". 
  9. ^ "Condoblin railway station". www.nswrail.net. Retrieved 2008-04-07.