European Volleyball Confederation
|European Volleyball Confederation|
The European Volleyball Confederation (French: Confédération Européenne de Volleyball or CEV) is the continental governing body for the sport of volleyball in Europe. Its headquarters are located in Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
Although the CEV was only formed on October 21, 1963, volleyball became popular in Europe many years before. The majority of the teams that attended the Congress which eventually lead to the foundation of the FIVB in 1947 were from this continent. In fact, the foundation itself is supposed to have been a move on the part of European national federations.
Volleyball was invented in the USA, but became for the first time an extremely popular sport in eastern Europe, after being introduced by American soldiers during World War I. By the middle of the century, it had already spread through the rest of the continent as well. Many techniques and tactics that are commonplace in modern volleyball have been allegedly introduced by European teams. Amongst others, it would be worthy of note here: blocking (Czechoslovakia, 1938); penetration of the setter, which eventually led to the development of the so-called 5-1 system (USSR, 1949); forearm pass (Czechoslovakia, 1958); and backrow attack (Poland, 1974).
The long and significant tradition of the sport in the continent may at least partially account for the administrative structure employed by the CEV, that rivals with the FIVB's in size and comprehensiveness. It is the biggest of all volleyball confederations, and the one that organizes the largest number of annual competitions and tournaments. As of 2005, its headquarters are located in Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
As the presiding entity over European volleyball federations, the CEV organizes continental competitions such as the prestigious European Championship (first edition, 1948), the CEV Cup and the European League. It participates in the organization of qualification tournaments for major events such as the Olympic Games or the World Championship, and of international competitions hosted by one of its affiliated federations.
Europe is considered the strongest continent in the field of volleyball. The CEV has usually more spots reserved in international competitions than any other confederation.
Russia, which inherited most of the players and coaches from former USSR and CIS, has arguably the most stable volleyball programme, supporting top level women's and men's teams. The same may be said of Italy, although only in later years women's volleyball was fully developed in this country.
Serbia, Poland, Italy, Bulgaria and The Netherlands must also be counted as continental forces in men's volleyball. At a lower level of play, one may consider a few other teams with some tradition in this realm, such as France; and at an even lower level, but still capable of occasionally upseting stronger teams, Germany, Spain,Greece and possibly Portugal.
Competition is less tough in the domain of women's volleyball. Russia, Serbia and Italy are rarely threatened by any other team in major competitions. Apart from these three, Germany, which has drawn players both from West and East Germany, may be viewed as the next most traditional European team. With more inconsistent results and often depending on the excellence of individual players, one may also take into consideration: The Netherlands, Romania and more recently Poland and Turkey.
As of 2007, the following national federations were affiliated to the CEV:
|ALB||Albania||Albanian Federation of Volleyball|
|AND||Andorra||Federació Andorrana de Voleibol|
|ARM||Armenia||Fédération de Volleyball de la Republique d'Armenie|
|AUT||Austria||Österreichischer Volleyball Verband|
|AZE||Azerbaijan||Azərbaycan Voleybol Federasiyası|
|BLR||Belarus||Bielorusskaia Federatsija Volejbola|
|BEL||Belgium||Fédération Royale Belge de Volleyball|
|BIH||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Odbojkaški savez Bosne i Hercegovine|
|BUL||Bulgaria||Bulgarska Federatsiya Volejbol|
|CRO||Croatia||Hrvatski odbojkaški savez|
|CYP||Cyprus||Kypriaki Omospondia Petosfairisis|
|CZE||Czech Republic||Český Volejbalový Svaz|
|DEN||Denmark||Dansk Volleyball Forbund|
|ESP||Spain||Real Federación Española de Voleibol|
|EST||Estonia||Eesti Võrkpalli Liit|
|FER||Faroe Islands||Flogbóltssamband Føroya|
|FIN||Finland||Suomen Lentopalloliitto F. Y.|
|FRA||France||Fédération Française de Volleyball|
|GEO||Georgia||Georgian Volleyball Federation|
|GER||Germany||Deutscher Volleyball Verband|
|GBR||United Kingdom||British Volleyball Fderation|
|GIB||Gibraltar||Gibraltar Volleyball Association|
|GRE||Greece||Elliniki Omospondia Petosferiseos|
|GRL||Greenland||Kalaallit Nunaanni Volleyballertartut Kattuffiat|
|HUN||Hungary||Magyar Röplabda Szövetség|
|IRL||Ireland||Volleyball Association of Ireland|
|ISR||Israel||Igud HaKadur'af BeIsrael|
|ITA||Italy||Federazione Italiana Pallavolo|
|LAT||Latvia||Latvijas Volejbola Federâcija|
|LIE||Liechtenstein||Liechtensteiner Volleyball Verband|
|LTU||Lithuania||Lithuanian Volleyball Federation|
|LUX||Luxembourg||Fédération Luxembourgeoise de Volleyball|
|MKD||Macedonia||Odbojkarska Federacija na Makedonija|
|MLD||Moldova||Fédération de Volleyball de la Republique de Moldavie|
|MLT||Malta||Malta Volleyball Association|
|MON||Monaco||Fédération Monégasque de Volleyball|
|MNE||Montenegro||Odbojkaški savez Crne Gore|
|NED||Netherlands||Nederlandse Volleybal Bond|
|NIR||Northern Ireland||Northern Ireland Volleyball Association|
|POL||Poland||Polski Związek Piłki Siatkowej|
|POR||Portugal||Federação Portuguesa de Voleibol|
|ROM||Romania||Federaţia Română de Volei|
|RUS||Russia||Vserossijskaya Federatsiya Volejbola|
|SRB||Serbia||Odbojkaški savez Srbije|
|SCO||Scotland||Scottish Volleyball Association|
|SLO||Slovenia||Odbojkarska Zveza Slovenije|
|SMR||San Marino||Federazione Sammarinese Pallavolo|
|SVK||Slovakia||Slovenská Volejbalová Federácia|
|TUR||Turkey||Türkiye Voleybol Federasyonu|
|UKR||Ukraine||Ukrainian Volleyball Federation|
|WAL||Wales||Welsh Volleyball Association|
National Teams Competitions
- European Volleyball Championship
- European Volleyball League
- Men's Junior European Volleyball Championship
- Women's Junior European Volleyball Championship
- Boys' Youth European Volleyball Championship
- Girls' Youth European Volleyball Championship