Confederate monuments

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This is a list of Confederate monuments and memorials dedicated to the memory of those who served and died in service to the Confederate States during the American Civil War.

Many Confederate monuments were erected in the former Confederate states and border states in the decades following the Civil War, in many instances by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, Ladies Memorial Associations, and other memorial organizations.[1][2][3][4][5] Other Confederate monuments are located on Civil War battlefields.[1]

New Confederate monuments continue to be proposed, and some have been built in recent years. In Arizona, a Sons of Confederate Veterans camp erected a Confederate monument in Phoenix in 1999[6] and Confederate heritage groups dedicated a Confederate memorial in Sierra Vista in 2010.[7] The Delaware Confederate Monument was unveiled in 2007 in Georgetown, Delaware.[8] In South Carolina in 2010, the Sons of Confederate Veterans have sought to erect a monument to mark the 150th anniversary of the passage of the Ordinance of Secession in December 1860, but the cities of Charleston and North Charleston have refused them permission.[9][10]

Many Confederate monuments are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[11]

Confederate monuments are listed here alphabetically by state, and by city within each state:

Alabama[edit]

  • Confederate Memorial Monument, also known as the "Monument to Confederate Soldiers and Sailors", on the grounds of the Alabama State Capitol, Montgomery, Alabama.[12] Former CSA President Jefferson Davis laid the cornerstone in 1886, but it was not completed until 1898. Funding for the monument included $20,000 in the form of two grants from the state legislature, $10,000 contributed by the Ladies Memorial Association of Alabama, $6,755 from the Historical and Monumental Association of Alabama that was formed in 1865 to support the erection of this monument, and $5,000 from politicians.[13]

Arizona[edit]

  • Arizona Confederate Veterans Monument in Greenwood Memory Lawn Cemetery in Phoenix, erected in 1999 by the Sons of Confederate Veterans[6]
  • Arizona Confederate Veterans Monument in Wesley Bolen Park, next to the Arizona State Capitol in Phoenix, erected by the United Daughters of the Confederacy[6]
  • Confederate Memorial in the Historical Soldiers Memorial Cemetery area of the Southern Arizona Veterans’ Cemetery in Sierra Vista. The monument was erected in 2010 to honor soldiers interred in that cemetery who served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War and later fought in Indian wars in Arizona as members of the U.S. Army.[7]

Arkansas[edit]

Delaware[edit]

  • Delaware Confederate Monument, Georgetown, Delaware, unveiled in 2007[8]

Georgia[edit]

  • Confederate Memorial Park in Albany.
  • Augusta Confederate Monument in downtown Augusta; was commissioned by the Ladies Memorial Association in 1875 at a cost of $17,331.35. The monument, which stands approximately seventy-six feet tall, is made of granite and pure Italian marble. The base of the monument features four statues of notable Civil War generals Thomas R. R. Cobb, Stonewall Jackson, Robert E. Lee, and William Henry Talbot…. The Confederate Soldiers’ Monument was dedicated on October 31, 1878 before a crowd of ten thousand.[15][16]
  • Confederate Monument at St. James United Methodist Church in downtown Augusta, Georgia; located in the median of the 400 block of Greene Street. Inscriptions on three sides of the monument list the names 285 Augustans, including the 24 St. James members, who were killed in the war. The primary inscription on the 4th side reads: THESE MEN DIED IN DEFENSE OF THE PRINCIPLES OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.[17]
  • Confederate Monument, Forsyth Park, Savannah; completed in 1879[3]
  • Stone Mountain

Kentucky[edit]

Mississippi[edit]

Missouri[edit]

Montana[edit]

  • Confederate Memorial Fountain, Helena, Montana

North Carolina[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

See also List of Confederate monuments at Gettysburg.[22]
  • Gettysburg Battlefield is the site of several Confederate monuments erected between 1884 and 1982 to honor the dead of specific units or states[23]

Tennessee[edit]

Texas[edit]

  • Confederate Soldiers Monument, Texas State Capitol, Austin, Texas; erected beginning 1903[24]
  • Confederate War Memorial, Dallas, Texas. Originally erected in City Park in 1897, but relocated to Pioneer Park Cemetery in 1961 due to highway construction.[25]
  • Confederate Soldiers' Monument, Denton, Texas: dedicated June 3, 1981, located on the south lawn of the Denton County Courthouse [26]

Virginia[edit]

West Virginia[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Civil War Monuments, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture
  2. ^ David N. Wiggins (2006), Georgia's Confederate Monuments and Cemeteries, Arcadia Press.
  3. ^ a b Confederate Monument in Forsyth Park, City of Savannah website, accessed April 24, 2010
  4. ^ United Daughters of the Confederacy Alabama Division (ALUDC), Encyclopedia of Alabama
  5. ^ Ladies' Memorial Associations and The Lost Cause, Encyclopedia of Virginia
  6. ^ a b c Gravemarking and Monuments, Colonel Sherod Hunter Camp 1525, Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed April 26, 2010
  7. ^ a b Confederate Memorial dedicated, Sierra Vista Herald, April 17, 2010
  8. ^ a b "Hurrah! The Delaware Confederate Monument Has a Home at Last!". Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp #2608 website. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  9. ^ http://www.heraldonline.com/2010/04/14/2088405/n-charleston-leaders-want-confederate.html
  10. ^ http://www.southcarolinaradionetwork.com/2010/04/22/scv-secession-monument-at-no-chas-park-was-mayors-idea/
  11. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  12. ^ Alabama Confederate Monument, Conservation Solutions Inc., accessed April 24, 2010
  13. ^ Ladies Memorial Association, Encyclopedia of Alabama
  14. ^ a b c d National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Registration Form: Civil War Commemorative Sculpture in Arkansas, 1886-1934, 1996.
  15. ^ Photograph, Photograph by Melinda Smith Mullikin, New Georgia Encyclopedia
  16. ^ Downtown Confederate monument defaced with anti-white messages, The Augusta Chronicle, November 8, 2009
  17. ^ Confederate Monument, St. James United Methodist Church
  18. ^ Erica Sherrill Owens, Group celebrates Confederate Memorial Day, Hattiesburg American, April 24, 2010
  19. ^ North Carolina Civil War Monuments: North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources - Retrieved 2014-08-19
  20. ^ http://docsouth.unc.edu/commland/monument/16/
  21. ^ Downtown Salisbury Street Scenes - Confederate Monument, Rowan County, North Carolina, government website, accessed April 24, 2010
  22. ^ List of monuments of the Gettysburg Battlefield#Confederate monuments
  23. ^ Confederate Monuments at Gettysburg, StoneSentinels.com website, accessed April 24, 2010
  24. ^ Monument Guide: Confederate Soldiers, State Preservation Board Caretakers of the Texas Capitol website, accessed April 24, 2010
  25. ^ Confederate Monument, DallasHistory.net website, accessed April 26, 2010
  26. ^ http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth34974/
  27. ^ Visitor Information: Monuments and Memorials: Confederate Memorial, Arlington National Cemetery website, accessed April 24, 2010