Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems

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The Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS) is a machine learning and computational neuroscience conference held every December. The conference is a single track meeting that includes invited talks as well as oral and poster presentations of refereed papers. It began in 1987 as a computational cognitive science conference, and was held in Denver, United States until 2000. Since then, the conference has been held in Vancouver, Canada (2001-2010), Granada, Spain (2011), and Lake Tahoe, United States (2012-2013). In 2014, the conference will be held in Montreal, Canada.

Papers in early NIPS proceedings tended to use neural networks as a tool for understanding how the human brain works, which attracted researchers with interests in biological learning systems as well as those interested in artificial learning systems. Since then, the biological and artificial systems research streams have diverged, and recent NIPS proceedings are dominated by papers on machine learning, artificial intelligence and statistics, although computational neuroscience remains an aspect of the conference.

Besides machine learning and neuroscience, other fields represented at NIPS include cognitive science, psychology, computer vision, statistical linguistics, and information theory. The 'Neural' in the NIPS acronym is now something of a historical relic, and the conference spans a wide range of topics.

The proceedings from the conferences have been published in book form by MIT Press and Morgan Kaufmann under the name Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems.

The meeting is related to the COSYNE meetings held in Salt Lake City, United States.

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