Confirmations of Barack Obama's Cabinet
The President of the United States has the authority to nominate members of his or her cabinet to the United States Senate for confirmation under Article II, Section II, Clause II of the United States Constitution. This page documents the nomination and confirmation process for any successful or unsuccessful cabinet nominees of Obama Administration. They are listed in order of creation of the cabinet position (also used as the basis for the United States presidential line of succession).
Secretary of State 
The Secretary of State designate is reviewed and presented to the full Senate by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
Hillary Clinton (2009-2013) 
|Wikinews has related news: Hillary Clinton nominated as US Secretary of State|
Hillary Rodham Clinton assumed the office of Secretary of State on January 21, 2009. In mid-November 2008, President-elect Obama and Clinton discussed the possibility of her serving as U.S. Secretary of State in his administration, along with rumored nominees such as Bill Richardson, John Kerry, Sam Nunn and Chuck Hagel and on November 21, reports indicated that she had accepted the position. On December 1, President-elect Obama formally announced that Clinton would be his nominee for Secretary of State. Clinton said she was reluctant to leave the Senate, but that the new position represented a "difficult and exciting adventure". The appointment required a Saxbe fix, as Clinton was then a member of the United States Senate. As part of the nomination, Clinton's husband, former president Bill Clinton, agreed to accept a number of conditions and restrictions regarding his ongoing activities and fundraising efforts for the Clinton Presidential Center and Clinton Global Initiative.
Confirmation hearings before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee began on January 13, 2009, a week before the Obama inauguration; two days later, the committee voted 16–1 to approve Clinton. By this time, Clinton's public approval rating had reached 65 percent, the highest point since the Lewinsky scandal. On January 21, 2009, Clinton was confirmed in the full Senate by a roll call vote of 94–2. Clinton took the oath of office of Secretary of State and resigned from the Senate the same day.
Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman John Kerry stated that he expected Clinton to face some tough questions, but thought she was going to do a good job at (being Secretary of State). Christopher Hitchens of Vanity Fair called her nomination a ludicrous embarrassment on the November 18, 2008 edition of Hardball due to the Clintons' overseas connections, her actions during the 2008 Democratic Presidential Primary. Senator John Cornyn (R-Texas) voted against a unanimous voice approval, citing ethical concerns. He sought not to block the nomination through a filibuster, but to voice his opposition to her policies. Senator David Vitter (R-Louisiana) voted against Clinton in Committee citing her husbands' foreign donations for his non-profit entities, although there is speculation that Vitter's vote may have been an attempt to stake conservative ground in his upcoming reelection campaign.
John Kerry (2013-present) 
Hillary Clinton had announced she would not stay on in a second Obama term. Obama nominated Sen. John F. Kerry of Massachusetts as his Secretary of State. On January 29, 2013, John F. Kerry was confirmed by the Senate in a 94-3 vote to be Secretary of State. John Kerry took office on February 1, 2013.
Secretary of the Treasury 
|Wikinews has related news: Obama's choice for Treasury issues warning on China|
The Secretary of the Treasury is reviewed by the Senate Finance Committee.
Tim Geithner (2009-2013) 
At the end of November, 2008, President-elect Barack Obama announced his intention to nominate Timothy Geithner, President of the New York Federal Reserve Bank, to be United States Secretary of the Treasury, replacing Henry Paulson. Geithner believed, along with Paulson, that the Treasury Department needed new authority to experiment with responses to the financial crisis of 2008.
In a written statement, Geithner said that China is manipulating the Renminbi by purposefully keeping its value low in order to make its exported products seem cheaper on the world market. If confirmed, Geither said to the Senate Finance Committee that he would ask the Obama administration to pressure China diplomatically to change this practice, more strongly than the Bush administration did. The United States maintains that China's actions hurt American businesses and contributed to the financial crisis.
At the Senate confirmation hearings, it was revealed through documentary evidence that Geithner had not paid $35,000 self-employment taxes for several years, even though he had acknowledged his obligation to do so, and had filed a request for, and received, a payment for half the taxes owed. The failure to pay self-employment taxes was noted during a 2006 audit by the Internal Revenue Service, in which Geithner was assessed additional taxes of $14,847 for the 2003 and 2004 tax years.
|Self-employment tax controversy|
Geithner failed to pay, or to admit his failure to pay, the self-employment taxes for the 2001 and 2002 tax years until after President-elect Obama expressed his intent to nominate Geithner to be Secretary of Treasury. He also deducted the cost of his children's sleep-away camp as a dependent care expense, when only expenses for day care are eligible for the deduction. Geithner subsequently paid the IRS the additional taxes owed, and was charged interest of $15,000, but was not fined for late payment. In addition, his housekeeper's work authorization lapsed during the last three months she worked for him.
Geithner's employer at the time, the International Monetary Fund, gives its American employees the employer's half of the payroll taxes, expecting that the employees will deposit the money with the Internal Revenue Service. A report from the Senate Finance Committee documented Geithner's errors. While working for IMF, Geithner signed a tax worksheet stating his "obligation of the U.S. Social Security tax, which I will pay on my fund income" and another annual worksheet stating "I wish to apply for tax allowance of U.S. federal and state income taxes and the difference between the 'self-employed' and 'employed' obligation of the U.S. Social Security tax which I will pay on my Fund income."
In a statement to the Senate panel considering his nomination, Geithner called the tax issues "careless", "avoidable", and "unintentional" errors, and he said he wanted to "apologize to the committee for putting you in the position of having to spend so much time on these issues." Geithner testified that he used TurboTax to prepare his own return and that the tax errors are his own responsibility. The Washington Post quoted a tax expert who said that TurboTax has not been programmed to handle self-employment taxes when the user identifies himself as being employed. Geithner said at the hearing that he was always under the impression that he was an employee, not a self-employed contractor, while he served as director of the Policy Development and Review Department of IMF.
Commentator Michelle Malkin posted on her web site, "IRS employment application packets notify potential workers that the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration vets all candidates and current employees 'who have violated or are violating laws, rules, or regulations related to the performance of their duties.' President-elect Obama is standing by a nominee who would oversee the IRS, but might not even qualify for a lesser job at the agency." Former Speaker of the House of Representatives Newt Gingrich, who also opposes his nomination said, "The IRS did not fine him. Ask small businesses how many of them think they could avoid paying self-employment Social Security and Medicare taxes for seven years and not be fined." "Had he not been nominated for Treasury Secretary it's doubtful that he would have ever paid these taxes," Republican Senator Lindsey Graham supported Geithner's nomination, calling him "very, very competent" and "the right guy" for Secretary of the Treasury.
On January 26, 2009, the U.S. Senate confirmed Geithner's appointment by a vote of 60–34. Geithner was sworn in as Treasury Secretary by Vice President Joe Biden and witnessed by President Barack Obama. Geithner left the administration at the end of January 25th, 2013.
Jack Lew (2013-present) 
On January 10, 2013, Jacob Lew (Jack Lew, then the President's Chief of Staff) was nominated as the replacement for retiring Treasury Secretary Geithner, to serve in President Obama's second term. Lew's nomination was confirmed by the full Senate on Wednesday, February 27, 2013 by a vote of 71 to 26. [Fifty Democrats, twenty Republicans and Angus King (Independent of Maine) voted to confirm, while twenty-five Republicans and Bernard Sanders (Ind., Vermont) voted not to confirm; three Democrats did not vote on this confirmation.]  At the White House on the next day (Thursday, February 28), Vice President Joe Biden swore in Lew as the 76th Secretary of the Treasury.
Secretary of Defense 
The Secretary of Defense designate is reviewed and presented to the full Senate by the Senate Armed Services Committee.
Robert Gates (2006-2011) 
Robert Gates assumed the office of Secretary of Defense on December 18, 2006, under then-President George W. Bush. The retention of Gates fulfilled Obama's pledge made on the campaign trail to have a Republican in his Cabinet.
On December 1, 2008, President-elect Obama announced that Robert Gates would remain in his position as Secretary of Defense during his administration, reportedly for at least the first year of Obama's presidency.
Gates is the fourteenth Cabinet member in history to serve under two Presidents of different parties. One of the first priorities under President Barack Obama’s administration for Gates will be a review of U.S. policy and strategy in Afghanistan. Gates, sixth in the presidential line of succession, was selected as designated survivor during Obama's inauguration.
Leon Panetta (2011-2013) 
On April 18, 2011 Leon Panetta, the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, was nominated to replace Gates. On June 21, 2011, the United States Senate confirmed Panetta in a 100-0 vote. He took office on June 30, 2011.
Chuck Hagel (2013-present) 
Obama nominated Sen. Chuck Hagel to succeed Leon Panetta and serve as his second term Secretary of Defense on January 7, 2013. U.S. Senate nomination hearings begin on January 31, 2013. On Tuesday, February 26, 2013, after debate in the full Senate had been closed by a vote of 71 to 27, Hagel's nomination was confirmed 58–41 (1 not voting). All the negative votes on each roll call came from Republican Senators, while 18 Republicans voted for cloture of debate and 4 for final confirmation. He took office on February 27, 2013.
Attorney General 
The confirmation of the office of Attorney General is overseen by the Senate Judiciary Committee.
Eric Holder (2009-2013) 
On December 1, 2008, Obama announced that Eric Holder would be his nominee for Attorney General. Holder was formally nominated on January 20, 2009 and approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee on January 28. Following his confirmation by the full Senate by a 75–21 vote on February 2, 2009, he became the first African-American Attorney General of the United States.
Holder favors closing the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, although he has said that the detainees are not technically entitled to Geneva convention protections. He is opposed to the Bush administration's implementation of the Patriot Act, saying it is "bad ultimately for law enforcement and will cost us the support of the American people." He has been critical of US torture policy and the NSA warrantless surveillance program, accusing the Bush administration of a "disrespect for the rule of law... [that is] not only wrong, it is destructive in our struggle against terrorism."
During his confirmation hearings in the Senate, Holder agreed with Senator Patrick Leahy, Democrat of Vermont, that a technique used by U.S. interrogators under the Bush administration known as waterboarding is torture.
Secretary of the Interior 
The nomination of the Secretary of the Interior is presented to the full senate by the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.
Ken Salazar (2009-2013) 
Ken Salazar assumed the office of Secretary of the Interior on January 21, 2009 after a unanimous voice vote on the floor of the full Senate. Colorado Gov. Bill Ritter appointed Denver Superintendent of Schools Michael Bennet to replace Salazar and to finish his term in the Senate, which expired in January 2011. Bennet was elected to a full term in 2010.
Salazar was nominated as Secretary of the Interior on December 19, 2008. His appointment required a Saxbe fix by Congress. On January 7, 2009, Congress approved a bill, S.J.Res. 3, and President Bush signed it into law, providing such a fix by reducing the Secretary of Interior's salary to the level it was prior to the time Salazar took office in January 2009.
The Senate confirmed Salazar's nomination by voice vote on January 20, 2009, shortly after the swearing in of President Obama. As Secretary of the Interior, Salazar is in charge of the National Park Service, the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, the United States Geological Survey, and other federal agencies overseen by the Interior Department.
Salazar was one of two Hispanics in the Cabinet, along with Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis of California. (There were three, but on January 4, 2009, Democratic New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson withdrew his name from the appointment of Secretary of Commerce). Salazar is the second Hispanic Interior Secretary after Manuel Lujan, Jr., who held the post from 1989 to 1993 under President George H. W. Bush.
Several prominent environmentalist groups are wary of Salazar, noting his strong ties with the coal and mining industries. Kieran Suckling, executive director of Center for Biological Diversity, which tracks endangered species and habitat issues states "He [Ken Salazar] is a right-of-center Democrat who often favors industry and big agriculture in battles over global warming, fuel efficiency and endangered species."
The nomination was praised, however, by Gene Karpinski, President of the League of Conservation Voters. Upon the nomination, Karpinski said, "Throughout his career, Senator Salazar has campaigned on a pledge of support for 'our land, our water, our people.' With a perfect 100% score on the 2008 LCV Scorecard, he has lived up to that pledge. As a westerner, Senator Salazar has hands on experience with land and water issues, and will restore the Department of the Interior's role as the steward of America's public resources. We look forward to working with him to protect the health of America's land, water, and people in the coming years."
Although Senate Republicans were expected to raise questions concerning Salazar's stances on oil shale development and drilling in environmentally sensitive areas, Salazar was one of several Obama Cabinet appointees confirmed in the Senate by voice vote on January 20, 2009, shortly after Obama's inauguration. Salazar became the 50th Secretary of the Interior succeeding Dirk Kempthorne, who praised Salazar's appointment.
On January 23, 2009, Salazar has stated that he is considering reopening the Statue of Liberty's crown to tourists. The crown has been closed to the public since the September 11, 2001 attacks. "I hope we can find a way," Salazar said in a statement. "It would proclaim to the world—both figuratively and literally—that the path to the light of liberty is open to all."
Sally Jewell (2013-present) 
Secretary of Agriculture 
The nomination of the Secretary of Agriculture is brought to the full Senate by the Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee. Tom Vilsack assumed the office of Secretary of Agriculture on January 21, 2009 after a unanimous voice vote of the whole Senate.
Tom Vilsack (2009-present) 
On December 17, 2008, then-President-elect Barack Obama announced his choice of Vilsack as the nominee to be the next Secretary of Agriculture. Vilsack has governed a farm state (Iowa) as did the previous two Secretaries of Agriculture, Senator Mike Johanns (2005–2007) and Ed Schafer (2007–2009). Reaction to Vilsack's nomination from agricultural groups was largely positive and included endorsements from the Corn Refiners Association, the National Grain and Feed Association, the National Farmers Union, the American Farm Bureau Federation, and the Environmental Defense Fund. Opposition to the nomination came those who believed Vilsack has a preference for large industrial farms and genetically modified crops; as Iowa state governor, he originated the seed pre-emption bill in 2005, effectively blocking local communities from regulating where genetically engineered crops would be grown; additionally, Vilsack was the founder and former chair of the Governor's Biotechnology Partnership, and was named Governor of the Year by the Biotechnology Industry Organization, an industry lobbying group. The Senate confirmed Vilsack's nomination for the position by unanimous consent on January 20, 2009.
Secretary of Commerce 
|Wikinews has related news: Judd Gregg withdraws as US Commerce Secretary nominee|
Failed nomination of Bill Richardson (2009) 
Bill Richardson was nominated for the position of Secretary of Commerce on December 3, 2008. Nevertheless, due to federal investigation into some of his political donors, he withdrew himself from the nomination on January 4, 2009.
Failed nomination of Judd Gregg (2009) 
On February 3, 2009, President Obama nominated New Hampshire Senator Judd Gregg, a Republican. The nomination initially drew criticism, as it would likely give the Democrats in the Senate a super-majority, assuming Al Franken would be seated from Minnesota (as he eventually was) and the two independents regularly voted with the Democrats. Republican Senator Gregg would have been replaced by someone chosen by the state's Governor John Lynch, a Democrat.
Initially, Senator Mitch McConnell announced that he would prevent an attempt to achieve a super majority by the President. After talks, President Obama as well as Senator Gregg assured that it would not be used as an attempt to change the makeup of the Senate.
On February 12, Senator Gregg announced that he had withdrawn from nomination, citing his fundamental disagreement with the Obama administration on "issues such as the stimulus package and the Census."
Gary Locke (2009-2011) 
Former Washington Governor Gary Locke was designated as the third Commerce nominee, multiple media outlets reported on February 23, 2009. An official announcement was made at a press conference with Locke and President Obama. After confirmation on March 24, Locke became the first Chinese American Secretary of Commerce, and the third Asian American in Obama's cabinet, joining Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Veterans Affairs Secretary Eric Shinseki, the most of any administration in United States history.
John Bryson (2011-2012) 
In May 2011, Obama appointed Locke as the new U.S. ambassador to China and nominated John Bryson as the next Secretary of Commerce. Citing Bryson's environmental views, U.S. Sen. James Inhofe (R-Oklahoma) put a hold on his nomination in July. The Senate confirmed Bryson as Secretary of Commerce by a 74–26 vote on October 20, 2011. He was sworn in on October 21, 2011. Bryson took a leave of absence in June 2012 for medical tests due to seizures that were related to a hit and run. On June 21, 2012, Bryson resigned because, "the work that [Commerce employees] do to help America’s entrepreneurs and businesses build our economy and create jobs is more important now than ever and I have come to the conclusion that I need to step down to prevent distractions from this critical mission." Deputy Secretary Rebecca Blank has served as Acting Secretary of Commerce since Bryson's resignation without Senate confirmation.
Nomination of Penny Pritzker (2013) 
Secretary of Labor 
The Secretary of Labor is confirmed through the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee
Hilda Solis (2009-2013) 
Hilda Solis assumed office as Secretary of Labor on February 24, 2009 when she was confirmed by the Senate by a vote of 80–17, although her confirmation hearings had been stalled due to Republican concerns over her support of the Employee Free Choice Act and her desire to reverse the Bush Administration's policies to the H-2A Guest Worker Act and tax problems with her husband. On February 11, 2009, Solis's nomination passed the committee phase.
The selection earned praise from the AFL-CIO and other labor organizations, but it brought dismay from business groups and the Center for Union Facts. The official announcement was made by Obama on December 19. Her appointment required a Saxbe fix. due to her confirmation, Solis's successor will be chosen in a special election in California's 32nd congressional district; she declined to endorse any particular replacement candidate.
Solis's confirmation hearings were held on January 9, 2009, before the Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee. Committee chair Ted Kennedy repeatedly praised her, while despite some prodding from Republican members, Solis declined to discuss specific policy issues including the Employee Free Choice Act. Several days later, Senate Republicans said they might try to put a procedural hold on her nomination, out of frustration with her unwillingness to answer questions during the hearings.
Committee Republican Mike Enzi also pressed her on whether her unpaid but high-level positions at American Rights at Work constituted a prohibited lobbying activity; she said she had done no lobbying and was in violation of no rules of conduct. Solis did acknowledge that she had failed to report those positions on her annual House financial disclosure forms at the time, which the White House said was an unintentional oversight. After more time passed with no motion on her nomination, Obama appointed veteran Labor Department official Edward C. Hugler as Acting Secretary.
The prolonged process was seen as foreshadowing continued battles between the Obama administration and Republicans over labor issues. Solis's confirmation process was then set to for a committee vote on February 5, but was postponed again after news that Solis' husband Sam Sayyad had just paid $6,400 in outstanding state and local tax liens for his auto repair business going back to 1993. Sayyad was sole proprietor of the business, filed a separate tax return from Solis, and intended to contest the lien as they were for business taxes he thought he had already paid.
The White House said Solis should not be penalized for any mistakes that her husband may have made. The revelations came in the wake of several other Obama nominations troubled or derailed due to tax issues. Committee Republicans subsequently indicated they would not hold Solis to blame for the taxes situation, but were still concerned about her ties to American Rights at Work. On February 11, 2009, the committee finally supported her nomination by voice vote with two dissensions.
Nomination of Thomas Perez (2013) 
On January 9, 2013, Hilda Solis announced she would not stay on for Obama's second term and that she was resigning. On March 18, 2013, President Obama nominated assistant U.S. Attorney General Thomas Perez for labor secretary.
Republicans oppose the nomination because they see him as a "committed ideologue". On May 16, 2013 Perez's nomination was endorsed by the committee along party lines. The vote sends the nomination to the Senate floor.
Secretary of Health and Human Services 
The nomination of the Secretary of Health and Human Services is brought to the full Senate by the Senate Finance Committee, though the nominee also historically meets with the United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions.
Failed nomination of Tom Daschle (2009) 
Former Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle was President Obama's first nominee for the Secretary of Health and Human Services. Daschle was paid $220,000 in speaking fees to Healthcare providers, and was paid $16 million dollars as an advisor to Healthcare lobbying groups in the time between his departure from the US Senate and his nomination. Daschle pulled his name from nomination on February 3, 2009.
Kathleen Sebelius (2009-present) 
On March 2, 2009, President Barack Obama introduced Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius as his choice to fill the office of Secretary of Health and Human Services. Sebelius was confirmed by the United States Senate on April 28, 2009 amid the swine flu health crisis.
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 
The nomination of the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development is brought to the full Senate by the United States Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs
Shaun Donovan (2009-2013) 
Secretary of Transportation 
The nomination of the Secretary of Transportation is brought to the full Senate by the United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation.
Ray LaHood (2009-present) 
On December 19, 2008, then-President-elect Barack Obama announced that he would nominate Ray LaHood to be the next Transportation Secretary.
President Obama said of LaHood "Few understand our infrastructure challenge better than the outstanding public servant that I’m asking to lead the Department of Transportation."
LaHood's nomination was viewed with alarm among those concerned with climate change and suburban sprawl. His resume on transport matters is seen as thin by many critics. He did not serve on the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee at the time his selection was announced, although he had in the past. As a member of the House Appropriations Committee he did not work on transportation funding.
While picking LaHood drew praise for its bipartisan symbolism there was also a sense that LaHood’s lack of expertise would diminish the department’s role in 2009 major policy debates and leave him as more of a ceremonial figure. James Oberstar, the Democratic Congressman who chaired the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, was expected to hold more influence and will likely play a stronger leading role. Oberstar praised LaHood’s “temperament” and “managerial talent,” but when asked to cite an issue LaHood championed during his time on the Transportation Committee in the 1990s, Oberstar seemingly drew a blank. “I can’t point to any specific legislation that he authored,” he said. “He was a team player all the way through.” Oberstar said LaHood would play a supporting role on tough policy calls.
Former Republican Congressman Ray LaHood was confirmed as Secretary of Transportation on January 23, 2009. On January 29, 2013, LaHood announced that he would not stay on for Obama's second term and that he would resign upon the confirmation of his successor.
Nomination of Anthony Foxx (2013) 
Secretary of Energy 
Steven Chu (2009-2013) 
Nobel Prize winning scientist Steven Chu was unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate on January 20, 2009. On January 21, 2009, Chu was sworn in as Secretary of Energy in the Barack Obama administration. Chu is the first person appointed to the Cabinet after having won a Nobel Prize. He is also the second Chinese American to be a member of the Cabinet after Elaine Chao.
Ernest Moniz (2013-present) 
On February 1, 2013, Secretary Chu announced his resignation pending the confirmation of a successor.
On March 4, 2013 President Obama announced he was nominating Ernest Moniz as Secretary of Energy for his second term. On April 18, 2013, the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee voted 21-1 to approve the nomination of Moniz. On May 16, 2013 Moniz was unanimously confimed by the U.S. Senate.
Secretary of Education 
The nomination of the Secretary of Education is brought to the full Senate through the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee. Arne Duncan was confirmed as Secretary of Education on January 21, 2009.
Arne Duncan (2009-present) 
President Obama nominated Arne Duncan on December 16, 2008 to be his Secretary of Education. In a prepared statement Obama praised Duncan's skills stating "For Arne, school reform isn’t just a theory in a book – it’s the cause of his life. And the results aren’t just about test scores or statistics, but about whether our children are developing the skills they need to compete with any worker in the world for any job." 
Duncan received broad bipartisan support during his confirmation hearing in front of the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee on January 13, 2009. Senator Tom Harkin (D-Iowa) said of Duncan, "there is no question that schools across America can benefit from the same kind of fresh thinking that (he) brought to Chicago public schools."
Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
The nomination of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs is brought to the full Senate by the United States Senate Committee on Veterans Affairs.
Eric Shinseki (2009-present) 
Secretary of Homeland Security 
The nomination of the Secretary of Homeland Security is brought to the United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs.
Janet Napolitano (2009-present) 
On November 5, 2008, Napolitano was named to the advisory board of the Obama-Biden Transition Project. On December 1, 2008, Barack Obama introduced Napolitano as his nominee for United States Secretary of Homeland Security. On January 20, 2009, Napolitano was confirmed, becoming the first woman appointed Secretary in the relatively new department. Secretary of State Jan Brewer became the governor of Arizona, as the state does not have a lieutenant governor.
Confirmation roll call votes 
The below is a list of confirmations that were approved through the Senate by a Recorded vote.
|Alaska||Mark Begich||D||Yea||Yea||Not Voting||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|New Mexico||Jeff Bingaman||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|Missouri||Kit Bond||R||Yea||Not Voting||Yea||Nay||Nay||Yea|
|Ohio||Sherrod Brown||D||Yea||Not Voting||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|North Carolina||Richard Burr||R||Yea||Nay||Nay||Nay||Yea||Nay|
|West Virginia||Robert Byrd||D||Yea||Nay||Yea||Yea||Nay||Yea|
|Georgia||Saxby Chambliss||R||Not Voting||Nay||Yea||Yea||Yea||Nay|
|North Dakota||Kent Conrad||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|South Carolina||Jim DeMint||R||Nay||Nay||Nay||Nay||Yea||Nay|
|North Dakota||Byron Dorgan||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|Illinois||Dick Durbin||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Not Voting||Yea|
|New York||Kristen Gillibrand||D||—||—||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|South Carolina||Lindsey Graham||R||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Nay|
|New Hampshire||Judd Gregg||R||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|North Carolina||Kay Hagan||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|Iowa||Tom Harkin||D||Yea||Nay||Yea||Not Voting||Yea||Yea|
|Texas||Kay Bailey Hutchison||R||Yea||Nay||Nay||Yea||Yea||Nay|
|South Dakota||Tim Johnson||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|Massachusetts||Ted Kennedy||D||Not Voting||Not Voting||Not Voting||Not Voting||Not Voting||Not Voting|
|New Jersey||Frank Lautenberg||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|Connecticut||Joe Lieberman||Ind. D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|Florida||Mel Martinez||R||Yea||Nay||Not Voting||Yea||Yea||Nay|
|New Jersey||Bob Menendez||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|Rhode Island||Jack Reed||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|West Virginia||Jay Rockefeller||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Not Voting|
|New York||Chuck Schumer||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|Alabama||Jeff Sessions||R||Yea||Nay||Yea||Nay||Yea||Not Voting|
|New Hampshire||Jeanne Shaheen||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|South Dakota||John Thune||R||Yea||Nay||Nay||Nay||Yea||Nay|
|New Mexico||Tom Udall||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|Rhode Island||Sheldon Whitehouse||D||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|Oregon||Ron Wyden||D||Yea||Not Voting||Yea||Yea||Yea||Yea|
|vote by party||D
Notes: All dates are in 2009. For later votes, see Obama confirmations, 2010.
Att'y-Gen. = Attorney-General of the United States; Trade = U.S. Trade Representative;
Health = Secretary of Health and Human Services;
D = Democratic ; R = Republican ; Ind. = independent ; Ind. D = independent Democratic ;
R→D = moved from Republican to Democratic caucus on April 29-30, 2009 ;
— = seat vacant at the time of this vote.
Sources: United States Senate; The Washington Post
President Obama has included members of his cabinet that are not traditionally considered members of the Cabinet.
Vice President 
The Vice President is an elected rather than an appointed position, and therefore does not require confirmation by the Senate.
|Wikinews has related news: US candidate Barack Obama announces Joe Biden as his running mate via text message|
Since shortly following Biden's withdrawal from the presidential race, Obama had been privately telling Biden that he was interested in finding an important place for him in a possible Obama administration. In a June 22, 2008, interview on NBC's Meet the Press, Biden confirmed that, although he was not actively seeking a spot on the ticket, he would accept the vice presidential nomination if offered. In early August, Obama and Biden met in secret to discuss a possible vice-presidential relationship. On August 22, 2008, Barack Obama announced that Biden would be his running mate. The New York Times reported that the strategy behind the choice reflected a desire to fill out the ticket with someone who has foreign policy and national security experience—and not to help the ticket win a swing state or to emphasize Obama's "change" message. Other observers pointed out Biden's appeal to middle-class and blue-collar voters, as well as his willingness to aggressively challenge Republican nominee John McCain in a way that Obama seemed uncomfortable doing at times. In accepting Obama's offer, Biden ruled out to him the possibility of running for president again in 2016.
On November 4, 2008, Obama was elected President and Biden Vice President of the United States. The Obama-Biden ticket won 365 electoral college votes to McCain-Palin's 173, and had a 53–46 percent edge in the nationwide popular vote. Biden became the 47th Vice President of the United States on January 20, 2009, when he was inaugurated alongside President Barack Obama. He succeeded Dick Cheney. Biden is the first United States Vice President from Delaware and the first Roman Catholic to attain that office. Biden's oath of office was administered by Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens. As Biden headed to Delaware's Return Day tradition following the November 2008 election, and the transition process to an Obama administration began, Biden said he was in daily meetings with Obama and that McCain was still his friend. The U.S. Secret Service codename given to Biden is "Celtic", referencing his Irish roots.
Biden chose veteran Democratic lawyer and aide Ron Klain to be his vice-presidential chief of staff, and Time Washington bureau chief Jay Carney to be his director of communications. Biden intended to eliminate some of the explicit roles assumed by the vice presidency of Cheney. But otherwise, Biden said he would not model his vice presidency on any of the ones before him, but instead would seek to provide advice and counsel on every critical decision Obama would make. Biden said he had been closely involved in all the cabinet appointments that were made during the transition. Biden was also named to head the new White House Task Force on Working Families, an initiative aimed at improving the economic well-being of the middle class.
Chief of Staff 
On November 6, 2008, Rahm Emanuel accepted the Cabinet-level position of White House Chief of Staff under Barack Obama. He resigned his congressional seat effective January 2, 2009. A special primary to fill his vacated congressional seat was held on March 3, 2009, and the special general election will be held on April 7. Chicago newspapers reported that one candidate for that seat said at a forum that Emanuel had told him he may be interested in running for the seat again in the future.
Some Republican leaders criticized Rahm Emanuel's appointment because they believed it went against Obama's promises to make politics less divisive, given Emanuel's reputation as a partisan Democrat. Republican Lindsey Graham disagreed, saying: "This is a wise choice by President-elect Obama. He's tough but fair – honest, direct and candid."
Ira Forman, executive director of the National Jewish Democratic Council, said that the choice indicates that Obama will not listen to the wrong people regarding the U.S.–Israel relationship. Some commentators opined that Emanuel would be good for the Israeli–Palestinian peace process because if Israeli leaders make excuses for not dismantling settlements, Emanuel will be tough and pressure the Israelis to comply.
Some Palestinians and Arabs expressed dismay at Obama’s appointment of Emanuel. Ali Abunimah of the Electronic Intifada said that Obama’s appointment of Emanuel sent the signal he would not be taking “more balanced, more objective, more realistic advice that could change the course from the disastrous Palestine-Israel policies of the Bush and Clinton administrations." Emanuel said that Obama did not need his influence to "orientate his policy toward Israel". Emanuel left office on October 1, 2010, to be replaced on an interim basis by Pete Rouse, and was elected Mayor of Chicago the following February.
William M. Daley became White House Chief of Staff on January 13, 2011, when interim Chief Pete Rouse was made legal Counselor to the President. A year later, on January 9, 2012, Daley announced his intention to retire in favor of Jack Lew (Budget Director since November 2010). Lew took office on January 27, 2012, but he, too, left the job a year later (on January 25, 2013) when he was nominated to be Secretary of the Treasury (see above).
Director of the Office of the Budget 
Peter Orszag 
On November 25, 2008, President-elect Barack Obama announced that Peter R. Orszag would be his nominee for director of the Office of Management and Budget, the arm of the White House responsible for crafting the federal budget and overseeing the effectiveness of federal programs. At 40, he was the youngest member of the Obama Cabinet, as the president upgraded the Director of OMB to cabinet-level priority.
Jacob Lew 
Orszag resigned, effective from July 30, 2010. On July 13, 2010, the White House announced that Jacob Lew had been chosen to replace Orszag as Director of OMB, subject to Senate confirmation. During confirmation hearings in the Senate, in response to questioning by Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT), Lew said that he did not believe deregulation was a "proximate cause" of the financial crisis of 2007–2008: Lew told the panel that "the problems in the financial industry preceded deregulation," and after discussing those issues, added that he didn't "personally know the extent to which deregulation drove it, but I don't believe that deregulation was the proximate cause." On November 18, 2010, Lew was confirmed by the Senate by unanimous consent. Jacob Lew served from November 18, 2010 – January 27, 2012, when he resigned to become Obama's White House Chief of Staff.
Sylvia Mathews Burwell 
Ambassador to the United Nations 
On November 5, 2008, Susan Rice was named to the advisory board of the Obama-Biden Transition Project. On December 1, 2008, she was nominated by President-elect Obama to be the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, a position which he also upgraded to cabinet level. Rice is the second youngest and the first African American woman US Representative to the UN. Dr. Rice has announced she will have both a transition team in place in New York and in Washington, DC at the State Department to be headed by Hillary Rodham Clinton.
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency 
Lisa P. Jackson 
On December 15, 2008, President-Elect Barack Obama officially designated Lisa P. Jackson as the nominee for Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. She was confirmed through unanimous consent of the U.S. Senate on January 23, 2009. Jackson is the first African American to serve as EPA Administrator, along with being the fourth woman and second New Jerseyan to hold the position.
Gina McCarthy 
On May 9, 2013, all eight Republicans on the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee boycotted the panel in order to deny a vote on Gina McCarthy’s nomination to head the EPA. On May 16, 2013 McCarthy's nomination was endorsed by the committee along party lines. The vote sends McCarthy’s nomination to the Senate floor. However, Sen. Roy Blunt (R-Mo.) still has a hold on her nomination that will have to be withdrawn before a floor vote can occur.
Trade Representative 
Ron Kirk 
Although there was speculation that Ron Kirk would be appointed Secretary of Transportation by President Obama, he was given the position of Trade Representative. As a supporter of NAFTA, his selection has drawn concern from advocates of fair trade policies.
Michael Froman 
On May 2, 2013, President Obama announced the nomination of deputy national security adviser for international economics Michael Froman as Trade Representative. His nomination is currently pending in the U.S. Senate.
Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers 
Christina Romer 
After her nomination and before the Obama administration took office, Romer was tasked with co-authoring the administration's plan to recover from the 2008 recession. With economist Jared Bernstein, Romer co-authored Obama's plan for economic recovery.
Austan Goolsbee 
Romer resigned in September 2010 to return to positions in academia.
On June 6, 2011, Goolsbee announced that he would return to the University of Chicago, claiming that the economy was "a million miles from where it started". He was expected to play an informal role from Chicago in Obama's 2012 campaign. Goolsbee's resignation became effective August 5, 2011.
Alan Krueger 
On August 29, 2011, Alan Krueger was nominated by Obama to be chairman of the White House Council of Economic Advisers, and on November 3, 2011, the Senate unanimously confirmed his nomination.
Administrator of the Small Business Administration 
Karen Mills was nominated by President-elect Barack Obama on December 19, 2008, confirmed unanimously by the Senate on April 2, 2009, and sworn in on April 6, 2009. During her tenure, in 2012 her office was elevated to the rank of Cabinet-level officer, expanding her power on policy decisions and granting her access to cabinet meetings.
Formerly Cabinet-level 
Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy 
On February 11, 2009, it was reported that Gil Kerlikowske had accepted an offer by President Barack Obama to become Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, succeeding John P. Walters. On May 7, 2009, the Senate confirmed Kerlikowske's nomination by a vote of 91-1 (roll call vote number 187: Republican Sen. Tom Coburn, M.D., of Oklahoma dissenting, 7 Senators not voting and 1 vacancy). However, prior to Kerlikowske's nomination, the position was downgraded from a Cabinet-level position to a non-Cabinet-level position.
- Holland, Steve (November 15, 2008). "Obama, Clinton discussed secretary of state job". Reuters. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
- Al Kamen and Philip Rucker (November 13, 2008). "Hillary Clinton, Secretary of State?". Washington Post.
- "Obama Set On Key Cabinet Nominees". NPR. November 21, 2008. Retrieved November 21, 2008.
- "Obama Confirms Hillary In Top Job". Sky News. December 1, 2008. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- Falcone, Michael (December 19, 2008). "Bush Approves Bill Reducing Secretary of State’s Pay". The New York Times. Retrieved December 19, 2008.
- Baker, Peter (November 29, 2008). "Bill Clinton to Name Donors as Part of Obama Deal". The New York Times. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- Flaherty, Anne (January 15, 2009). "Senate panel backs Clinton as secretary of state". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved January 15, 2009.[dead link]
- Jones, Jeffrey M. (January 13, 2009). "As Senate Hearings Begin, Hillary Clinton’s Image Soars". The Gallup Organization. Retrieved January 16, 2009.
- Stout, David (January 21, 2009). "Clinton Is Approved, but Vote on Holder Is Delayed". The New York Times. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- Tumulty, Brian (January 21, 2009). "Clinton sworn in at State Dept. and then resigns Senate". The Journal News. Retrieved January 22, 2009.
- "John Kerry’s Statement on Hillary Clinton’s Secretary of State Confirmation Hearing". January 13, 2009].
- Christopher Hitchens (November 7, 2008). "Christopher Hitchens Calls Hillary Clinton As Secretary Of State A "Ludicrous Embarrassment"".
- John Lander (January 10, 2009). "No Confirmation Vote for Clinton". New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- "Vitter gains GOP footing with anti-Clinton stance".
- Roll call vote for the confirmation of John Kerry as Secretary of State
- change.gov (November 24, 2008). "Geithner, Summers among key economic team members announced today". Newsroom. Office of the President-elect.
- "Geithner to Be Nominated as Treasury Secretary". CNBC. November 21, 2008.
- Montgomery, Lori; Faiola, Anthony (January 23, 2009). "Geithner Says China Manipulates Its Currency". The Washington Post. p. A08.
- Drajem, Mark; Christie, Rebecca (January 23, 2009). "Geithner Warning on Yuan May Renew U.S.-China Tension". Bloomberg LP.
- Moore, Malcolm (January 23, 2009). "Timothy Geithner currency 'manipulation' accusation angers China". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- Hirschfield Davis, Julie (January 14, 2009). "Tax problems may plague Obama's treasury pick". Associated Press (My Way News).
- "Documents regarding Treasury nominee Geithner" (PDF). Senate Finance Committee (United States Senate). January 13, 2009.
- Gandel, Stephen (January 21, 2009). "Tax Tips for Geithner". Time.
- Felsenthal, Mark; Lawder, David (January 21, 2009). "Geithner urges bailout reforms, apologizes on taxes". Reuters.
- Hallow, Ralph Z. (January 20, 2009). "Gingrich urges GOP to fight Geithner". The Washington Times.
- Blackledge, Brett (January 12, 2009). "Source: Geithner failed to pay personal taxes". Associated Press (Yahoo). Retrieved January 13, 2009.[dead link]
- Calmes, Jackie (January 14, 2009). "Geithner Questioned on Tax Returns". The New York Times.
- Shear, Michael D.; Montgomery Lori (January 14, 2009). "Treasury Nominee Accounts for Own Tax Errors". Washington Post.
- McKinnon, John D.; Davis, Bob (January 14, 2009). "IMF Informed Geithner on Taxes". Wall Street Journal.
- "Geithner Links Woes to Tax Software Used by 18 Million Americans". Fox News. January 22, 2009.[dead link]
- Aherns, Frank (January 21, 2009). "Treasury Pick Misfiled Using Off-the-Shelf Tax Software". Washington Post. p. D1.
- "Timothy F. Geithner". Who's Who (Marquis Who's Who). November 22, 2008. pp. K2017000959. Retrieved November 22, 2008.
- Malkin, Michelle (January 16, 2009). "Geithner, "tax goofs," and the go-along GOP". Michelle Malkin LLC.
- Hirschfield-Davis, Julie (January 14, 2009). "Obama: Geithner 'embarrassment' no bar for Cabinet". Associated Press (Yahoo! News).
- "Senate Confirms Geithner To Head Treasury". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- Jackie Calmes (January 26, 2009). "Senate Confirms Geithner for Treasury". New York Times. Retrieved January 27, 2009.
- "Geithner's Planned Departure Puts Obama in Tough Spot". CNBC. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- "Treasury Secretary Geithner reportedly wants to leave by month's end". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- Jackie Calmes (January 10, 2013). "Lew Would Complete Transformation of Obama’s Economic Team". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Jacob Lew confirmation vote, February 27, 2013 (U.S. Senate)
- "Jack Lew sworn in as Treasury secretary", Reuters, February 28, 2013
- "Jacob J. Lew Sworn in as Treasury Secretary", U.S. Department of the Treasury Press Center, February 28, 2013
- Michael Falcone (November 15, 2008). "Obama Pledges to Appoint Republican to Cabinet". New York Times.
- change.gov (December 1, 2008). "Key members of Obama-Biden national security team announced" (Press release). Newsroom. Office of the President-elect. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- "Gates Cabinet Appointment 'A Done Deal'" (Blog). Political Radar (ABC News). November 25, 2008. Retrieved November 25, 2008.
- Fireman, Ken; Capaccio, Tony (December 2, 2008). "Gates Says Review of Afghanistan Policy Will Be ‘High Priority’" (Article). Worldwide News (Bloomberg). Retrieved December 2, 2008.
- CNN (January 20, 2009). "Defense Secretary Gates to be 'designated successor' Tuesday" (News article). CNN (CNN). Retrieved January 20, 2009.
- Scott Wilson and William Branigin, "Obama nominates Chuck Hagel for Defense, John Brennan for CIA", January 7, 2013, Washington Post
- Rachel Weiner, Chuck Hagel nomination hearing set for Jan. 31, Washington Post, January 16, 2013.
- First (failed) cloture motion, February 14, 2013 (from the Clerk of the U.S. Senate)
- Second (successful) cloture motion, February 26, 2013
- Final vote on confirmation of Chuck Hagel's nomination, February 26, 2013
- Rhee, Foon (December 1, 2008). "Obama names national security team" (Article). News (Boston Globe). Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- Presidential Nomination PN64-07-111, 111th Congress, January 20, 2009
- Judiciary Panel Approves Holder’s Nomination, New York Times, January 28, 2009.
- Carrie Johnson (February 3, 2009). "Holder gets Senate approval". The Philadelphia Inquirer. The Washington Post. Retrieved February 3, 2009.[dead link]
- Margasak, Larry (February 2, 2009). "Senate confirms Holder as first black AG". Associated Press. Retrieved February 2, 2009.[dead link]
- Tapper, Jake (November 18, 2008). "Holder v Bush on War on Terror Tactics" (Blog). Political Punch (ABC News). Retrieved November 23, 2008.
- CFR Profile of Eric Holder
- "White House, Woodward Clash Over Allegations of Oil Price Fixing With Saudis, Critics Find Fault with Patriot Act" (Transcript). Judy Woodruff's Inside Politics (CNN). April 19, 2004. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
- Greenwald, Glenn (November 19, 2008). "Preliminary facts and thoughts about Eric Holder" (Blog). Glenn Greenwald's Unclaimed Territory (Salon.com). Retrieved November 19, 2008.
- Tuohey, Jason (November 18, 2008). "Holder on Bush, executive power" (Article). News (Boston Globe). Retrieved November 18, 2008.
- Holder: "Waterboarding is torture"
- Lowery, Courtney (December 17, 2008). "Salazar, Vilsack: The West’s New Land Lords". NewWest.
- "Congress to cut Cabinet salaries -- again". Yahoo! News. Yahoo! Inc. December 19, 2008. Retrieved December 20, 2008.
- Abrams, Jim (209-01-20). "Senate confirms 6 cabinet secretaries, puts off vote on Clinton". Associated Press. Retrieved January 20, 2009.[dead link]
- Broder, Jim M. (December 17, 2008). "Environmentalists Wary of Obama’s Interior Pick". The New York Times.
- "New Cabinet Choices Reaffirm Obama's New Direction on Energy and the Environment" (Press release). League of Conservation Voters. December 7, 2008.
- Sprengelmeyer, M.E. (December 17, 2008). "Interior Secretary Salazar: Confirmation outlook smooth". Yahoo! News (Yahoo! Inc.).
- "Dirk Kempthorne says Sen. Ken Salazar will make a fine Interior secretary". Idaho Statesman. December 17, 2008.
- "Salazar Visits Statue of Liberty, May Reopen Crown". Bloomberg.com. January 23, 2009. Retrieved January 23, 2009.
- "AP Source: Interior Secretary Ken Salazar Leaving". time.com. January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- "AP Source: Interior Secretary Ken Salazar to leave administration in March". salon.com. January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- "AP source: Interior Secretary Ken Salazar leaving". news.yahoo.com. January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- "Washington Post source: Obama nominates REI chief executive as interior secretary". washingtonpost.com. February 6, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2013.
- Roll call vote on the Nomination (Confirmation Sarah Jewell, of Washington, to be Secretary of the Interior
- Sources: Obama to tap Vilsack as agriculture secretary
- Schuff, Sally. Obama picks Vilsack for ad secretary. Feedstuffs, December 22, 2008, p1.
- Mike Glover (10-04-02). Associated Press http://www.gene.ch/genet/2002/Oct/msg00057.html. Missing or empty
- Sources: Iowa's Vilsack Named BIO Governor of the Year
- Anonymous. Senate confirms 6 Obama Cabinet officials, OMB director, CNN website, January 20, 2009. http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2009/01/20/senate-confirms-6-obama-cabinet-officials-omb-director/
- "Obama nominates Richardson for Cabinet - CNN.com". CNN. December 3, 2008. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- Sidoti, Liz (February 25, 2009). "Obama chooses Locke to run Commerce Department". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. Retrieved February 25, 2009.[dead link]
- Obama makes it official, Alexander Mooney, CNN, May 31, 2011
- Senator vows to block Commerce nominee Bryson
- "Letter from Secretary Bryson to Commerce Employees". Retrieved 21 June 2012.
- More Obama appointments: Pritzker at Commerce; Froman for trade representative
- Suzanne Heibel (February 9, 2009). "Solis Still Waiting on Cabinet Confirmation".
- Kelley, Matt (February 5, 2009). "Tax snafus add up for Obama team". USA Today. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- Fung Ree (02-11-09). "Solis nomination clears committee". Boston Globe.
- Holland, Jesse J. (December 18, 2008). "AP source: Rep. Hilda Solis is Obama's labor pick". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. Retrieved December 19, 2008.[dead link]
- Kornblut, Anne E. (December 19, 2008). "Obama to Announce Final Cabinet Picks". The Washington Post. p. A02. Retrieved December 19, 2008.
- Cooper, Helene and Greenhouse, Steven (December 19, 2008). "Picks for Labor and Trade Positions Disagree on Policy". The New York Times. Retrieved December 19, 2008.
- Kornblut, Anne E. and Branigin, William (December 19, 2008). "Obama Announces Final Cabinet Picks". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 19, 2008.
- Larrubia, Evelyn (January 29, 2009). "L.A. County Federation of Labor endorses Chu for Congress". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 29, 2009.
- Greenhouse, Steven (January 9, 2009). "With Senate Hearing, Preparing for Change at Top of Labor Dept.". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2009.
- Raju, Manu (January 16, 2009). "GOP-ers may block Solis confirmation". The Politico. Retrieved January 18, 2009.
- Nicholas, Peter (February 5, 2009). "Republicans want Labor nominee to stop lobbying for 'card check' bill". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- Fletcher, Michael A. (February 5, 2009). "After Delay, Panel to Vote on Solis Nomination". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- Fletcher, Michael A. (February 5, 2009). "Solis Senate Session Postponed in Wake of Husband's Tax Lien Revelations". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- Raju, Manu (February 10, 2009). "GOP won't derail Solis on hubby's taxes". The Politico. Retrieved February 10, 2009.
- Fletcher, Michael A. (February 12, 2009). "Senate Will Vote On Labor Nominee". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 13, 2009.
- Rosenkrantz, Holly (February 11, 2009). "Solis Nomination for Labor Secretary Backed by Panel (Update1)". Bloomberg News. Retrieved February 11, 2009.
- "Hilda Solis resigns as labor secretary; some others in Cabinet to stay on". Washington Post. January 9, 2013. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- "Obama nominates Thomas Perez as labor secretary". Washington Post. March 18, 2013. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- Perez confirmation saga continues with upcoming committee vote
- Labor secretary nominee Perez clears early hurdle in confirmation
- Kenneth Vogel (January 30, 2009). "Health care groups paid Daschle $220K". Politico.
- "Obama: 'I screwed up' in Daschle withdrawal". MSNBC. 02-03-09.
- "Biography of Ray La Hood". Department of Transportation website.
- JONATHAN WEISMAN and CHRISTOPHER CONKEY (December 18, 2008). "LaHood to Get Transportation Post". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
- Christopher Conkey (December 18, 2008). "What Role Will LaHood Play in the Obama Cabinet?". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 19, 2008.
- Wald, Matthew L. (January 22, 2009). "Panel Approves Transportation Nominee". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- Domenico Montanaro, Domenico (January 29, 2013). "Cabinet shuffle: LaHood to leave Department of Transportation". NBC. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- Grim, Ryan. "Anthony Foxx To Be Named Transportation Secretary". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Nicholas Johnston (January 20, 2009). "Senate Confirms Seven Obama Nominees, Delays Clinton". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
- Ed Henry (December 10, 2008). "Obama makes pick for energy chief, sources say". CNN. Retrieved December 11, 2008.
- Energy secretary Steven Chu resigns
- Obama announces nominees for energy secretary, EPA chief and budget director
- Restuccia, Andrew. "Senate energy committee gives Ernest Moniz thumbs-up". Politico. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- Senate unanimously confirms Energy nominee Ernest Moniz
- President-elect Obama nominates Arne Duncan as Secretary of Education, December 16, 2008
- Maria Glod (January 14, 2009). "Education Nominee Is Warmly Received in Senate". Washington Post.
- Sweet, Lynn Jarrett, Podesta, Rouse to lead Obama transition; Bill Daley co-chair Chicago Sun-Times, November 5, 2008
- "Obama names Napolitano to Cabinet post". Tucson Citizen. December 1, 2008. Retrieved December 1, 2008.
- Lizza, Ryan (October 20, 2008). "Biden's Brief". The New Yorker. Retrieved November 24, 2008.
- "Biden: I’d say yes to being VP". CNN. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
- Associated Press (August 23, 2008). "Obama's veep message to supporters". Washington Post. Retrieved August 23, 2008."Text message is out and it's official".
- "Welcome the Next Vice President". BarackObama.com. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Nagourney, Adam; Jeff Zeleny (August 23, 2008). "Obama Chooses Biden as Running Mate". The New York Times. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
- Dionne, E.J. (August 25, 2008). "Tramps Like Us: How Joe Biden will reassure working class voters and change the tenor of this week's convention". The New Republic. Retrieved August 25, 2008.
- "Barack Obama wins presidential election". CNN. November 4, 2008. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
- Franke-Ruta, Garance (November 19, 2008). "McCain Takes Missouri". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
- "President – Election Center 2008". CNN. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
- "Think you know your election trivia?". CNN. November 3, 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
- Gaudiano, Nicole (November 6, 2008). "VP's home awaits if Biden chooses". The News Journal. Retrieved November 8, 2008.[dead link]
- Feller, Ben (January 20, 2009). "In culminating moment, Biden is vice president". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved January 30, 2009.[dead link]
- Marquardt, Alexander (November 6, 2008). "Biden talks transition, says McCain's 'still my friend'". CNN. Retrieved November 6, 2008.
- "'Secret' Obama code name revealed". BBC News. November 13, 2008. Retrieved November 17, 2008.
- Holland, Steve (November 13, 2008). "Biden picks former Gore aide as chief of staff". Reuters. Retrieved November 13, 2008.
- Calderone, Michael (December 15, 2008). "Report: Carney joins Biden team". The Politico. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
- Lee, Carol E. (December 14, 2008). "Biden to shrink VP role — big time". The Politico. Retrieved December 23, 2008.
- "Biden says he'll be different vice president". CNN. December 22, 2008. Retrieved December 22, 2008.
- Hornick, Ed and Levs, Josh (December 21, 2008). "What Obama promised Biden". CNN. Retrieved December 23, 2008.
- Merrion, Paul (December 29, 2008). "Emanuel resigns seat effective Friday". ChicagoBusiness.com. Retrieved February 9, 2009.
- "Emanuel's departure will trigger special election". Chicago Tribune. Associated Press. November 6, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2009.[dead link]
- Mihalopoulos, Dan (January 20, 2009). "26 file for congressional seat vacated by Rahm Emanuel". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 9, 2009.
- "Candidate says Emanuel might want to reclaim House seat someday". Chicago Tribune. February 1, 2009.
- Talev, Margaret (November 7, 2008). "Obama names chief of staff, plans news conference as transition pace picks up". McClatchy Newspapers.
- Goldberg, Jeffrey (November 6, 2008). "Rahm Emanuel and Israel". The Atlantic. Kenner, David (November 7, 2008). "Rahm Emanuel and Israel". Foreign Policy.
- Kalman, Matthew (November 6, 2008). "Obama chief of staff Rahm Emanuel is no pal of ours, Israel's foes say". New York Daily News.
- "President-Elect Obama and the Future of US Foreign Policy: A Roundtable Discussion". Democracy Now. November 6, 2008.
- "Top Obama aide apologizes for father's remarks". Reuters. November 13, 2008. Retrieved March 8, 2009.
- Eggen, Dan; Fletcher, Michael A. (November 26, 2008). "Obama Promotes an Array of Financial Proposals". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 30, 2010.
- "President Obama Announces His Intent to Nominate Jacob Lew as OMB Director". www.whitehouse.gov. July 13, 2010.
- "Matt Taibbi & Bill Black: Obama's New Treasury Secretary a 'Failure of Epic Proportions'". http://www.alternet.org. January 11, 2013.
- "Sylvia Mathews Burwell To Be Nominated As White House Budget Chief: Sources". Huffington Post. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- Confirmation of Sylvia Mathews Burwell
- Sweet, Lynn (November 5, 2008). "Jarrett, Podesta, Rouse to lead Obama transition; Bill Daley co-chair" (Blog). The scoop from Washington (The Chicago Sun-Times). Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "Ambassador to the United Nations - Susan Rice (Announced)" (Blog). Obama's Cabinet (Real Clear Politics). December 1, 2008. Retrieved December 4, 2008.
- Lederer, Edith M. (December 1, 2008). "Trusted Obama adviser Susan Rice is first African-American woman named to be US envoy to UN". Associated Press (Star Tribune).
- Claire Hellinger and Josh Margolin (12-10-08). "Obama picks N.J. official to lead environmental agency". Newark Star Ledger.
- Senate confirms Lisa Jackson as EPA administrator. (January 23, 2009). The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 01-23-2009.
- Kocieniewski, David (December 11, 2008). "The New Team Lisa P. Jackson". The New York Times. Retrieved December 16, 2008.
- Obama announces nominees for energy secretary, EPA chief and budget director
- Gina McCarthy's nomination in doubt, angering Democrats
- Senate committee approves Obama’s nomination of Gina McCarthy to head EPA
- Recio, Maria (December 12, 2008). "Former Dallas Mayor Ron Kirk a finalist to be transportation secretary". McClatchy Company. Retrieved January 2, 2009.[dead link]
- Wu, Brandon (December 19, 2008). "Ron Kirk tapped as next USTR". Retrieved January 20, 2009.
- "U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk to leave post". usatoday.com. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
- "U.S. Trade Rep Ron Kirk is leaving administration". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved January 22, 2013.
- More Obama appointments: Pritzker at Commerce; Froman for trade representative
- Bohan, Caren (November 24, 2008). "Obama taps Berkeley professor as senior economist". Reuters.
- "Obama to Tap Berkeley Prof to Chair Council of Economic Advisers". ABC News. November 24, 2008.
- http://otrans.3cdn.net/ee40602f9a7d8172b8_ozm6bt5oi.pdf The Job Impact of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Plan
- Mullany, Gerry (2010-08-05). "Romer Leaves as Head of Council of Economic Advisers". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- The White House (10-09-10). "President Obama Appoints Austan Goolsbee as Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers,", accessed April 4, 2011.
- "Obama's top economist returning to classroom". CNN. June 7, 2011.
- Calmes, Jackie (June 6, 2011). "Austan Goolsbee to Leave Obama Team". The New York Times.
- "Obama nominates Alan Krueger as his new chief economist". bbc.co.uk/news. 29 August 2011.
- Obama to tap Princeton's Alan Krueger to fill key economic post
- 157 Congressional Record S7141 (Nov. 3, 2011).
- McLoone, Sharon (2008-12-19). "Obama Taps Venture Capitalist to Head Small Business Administration". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
- "Senate approves venture capitalist as SBA administrator". Government Executive. 2009-04-03. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
- SBA head, Maine native Mills to be elevated to cabinet level position
- "Karen Mills to step down as head of Small Business Administration". latimes.com. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- "Small Business Administration chief Karen Mills resigns". money.cnn.com. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Seattle police chief to become nation's drug czar
- Library of Congress, Senate Roll Call Vote no. 187, 111th Congress, 1st Session (retrieved on July 1, 2009)
- Jake Tapper (03-11-09). ABC News http://blogs.abcnews.com/politicalpunch/2009/03/president-to-do.html. Missing or empty