Conformal fuel tank

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An F-15E Strike Eagle fitted with conformal fuel tanks under the wing roots.
Ground crew handling the CFT of an F-15E.

Conformal fuel tanks (CFTs) are additional fuel tanks fitted closely to the profile of an aircraft which extend either the range or "time on station" of the aircraft, with a reduced aerodynamic penalty compared to external drop tanks.

Conformal fuel tanks unlike drop tanks cannot be discarded in flight because they are plumbed into the aircraft and therefore can be removed only on the ground. When empty they add g-load limits and slight drag and weight.

CFT's also free hardpoints for weapons or fuel tanks and only insignificantly increase an aircraft's radar cross-section.

Examples[edit]

Conformal fuel tanks[edit]

F-15C entered service with CFT capability.[1] Initially known as FAST packs (Fuel And Sensor Tactical),[1] each unit carried an additional 849 US gallons (3,213.8 L) of fuel, while retaining hardpoints for four AIM-7F Sparrow missiles or bombs.They were first tested on the F-15B in 1974. All U.S. F-15Es, and Strike Eagle export variants such as the IAF and Singapore models, are fitted with CFT's between the wing and fuselage and require modification to fly without them.[2] The FAST pack was originally intended to carry a navigational and targeting infrared sensor system (thus "Fuel And Sensor"); however, the F-15 simply began carrying LANTIRN pods for ground-attack missions instead.[1]
Israeli F-16I Sufa, based on the F-16D Block 50/52+, with 2 attached CFTs on top of the aircraft near the wing root and 2 wing-mounted drop tanks.
Export aircraft for Greece, Chile, Israel, Poland, Turkey, Singapore, Morocco, Egypt and the UAE all plumbed for carriage of two CFTs mounted on top of the aircraft near the wing root. Each is capable of holding 450 US gallons (1,703.4 L)
Two 1,150 litres (300 US gal) CFTs were first tested by Dassault in April 2001.[3]
Wind tunnel tested by BAE, two CFTs with 1,500 litres (400 US gal) capacity.[4]
The F-CK-1D prototype ("Brave Hawk") and the F-CK-1C single-seater prototype are equipped with the new CFTs.
  • Advanced Super Hornet Conformal fuel tanks are mounted above the wings to replace the drag of underwing tanks.
  • WWII:
    • Supermarine Spitfire in the belly.
    • Messerschmitt Bf 109 in the belly.
    • Messerschmitt Bf 110 D-1 in the belly.

Distended internal tanks[edit]

Fuel tanks which create a bulge from the fuselage or mounted flush with the fuselage.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Joe, Baugher (20 February 2000). "McDonnell F-15C Eagle". JoeBaugher.Com. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  2. ^ Joe, Baugher (9 May 2004). "McDonnell F-15E Eagle". JoeBaugher.Com. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "Rafale B Fitted with Conformal Fuel Tanks". Airforce-technology.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  4. ^ Robert, Wall (18 August 2009). "U.K. Pushes On Typhoon Upgrades". United Kingdom: AviationWeek.Com. Retrieved 21 September 2010. 
  5. ^ "Thunder & Lightnings - English Electric Lightning - Pictures - Profiles". Thunder-and-lightnings.co.uk. 2009-08-11. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  6. ^ The Gloster Javelin
  7. ^ http://www.thunder-and-lightnings.co.uk/javelin/full/xh712.jpg
  8. ^ "Meteor2". Aviationmuseum.com.au. 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  9. ^ "Image". SinoDefence.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09.