Congress of Aboriginal Peoples
Congress of Aboriginal Peoples (Congress, CAP) founded in 1971 (formerly known as the Native Council of Canada) is a national Canadian aboriginal organization, that represents Aboriginal Peoples (Non-Status, and Status Indians, Métis and Southern Inuit Aboriginal Peoples) who live off Indian reserves, in either urban or rural areas across Canada. As of 2011, over 70% of Aboriginal Peoples live off-reserve.
Its head office, is located in Ottawa, Ontario. The Congress of Aboriginal Peoples works with its Affiliate organizations on issues that affect the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada who live off-reserve. Affiliates of the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples have their own constitutions, with some being separately funded through the Métis and Non-Status Indian Relations Directorate of the Department of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. The Métis and Non-Status Indian Relations Directorate works primarily with Aboriginal political organizations who represent the interests of Métis and non-status Indians (MNSI) and other off-reserve Aboriginal organizations.
The Congress also administers the Aboriginal Skills and Employment Training Strategy (ASETS) which links training to labour market demand. ASETS is designed to help Aboriginal people who live off-reserve prepare for and find high-demand jobs.
In 1993, the former Native Council of Canada was reorganized and renamed the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples.
On January 8, 2013, a landmark ruling by the Federal Court of Canada affirmed the position of the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples that Métis and Non-Status are Indians under the Constitution. The Federal Court Action was launched in 1999 by Harry Daniels, Leah Gardner and the Congress of Aboriginal Peoples. This decision could have a significant impact on the relationship between the Government of Canada and the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada living off-reserve.
The current National Chief is Betty Ann Lavallée from the "New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council". National Chief, Lavallée was re-elected on October 19, 2012 at the Annual General Assembly held in Ottawa. She was first elected as National Chief on September 13, 2009.
List of former National Chiefs:
- Betty Ann Lavallee (Current Chief, 2009-2013)
- Patrick Brazeau (2006–2009)
- Dwight Dorey (1999–2006)
- Harry Daniels (1997–1999)
- Jim Sinclair (1994–1996)
- Ron George (1992–1994)
- Dan Smith (1991–1992)
- Viola Robinson (1990–1991)
- Chris McCormick (National Spokesperson -1988-1990)
- Smokey Bruyere (1981–1988)
- Harry Daniels (1976–1981)
- Gloria George (1975–1976)
- Kermit Moore (1974–1975)
- Tony Belcourt (1971–1974).
Also known as provincial/territorial organizations, or PTOs, the Congress has Affiliate Aboriginal organizations in Canada's respective provinces and territories, who chose the Congress to represent them at a national level. Each organization holds its own Constitution and By-laws, and some are individually funded through Government of Canada programs. In effect, these affiliates are the corporate members of the Congress. Each Affiliate organization also has a respective provincial Chief and President, who make up the Board of Directors of the Congress. The Congress's Annual General Assembly, is attended by delegates from each provincial Affiliate organizations to discuss policy, priorities and issues facing Aboriginal peoples who live off-reserve.
The following is a list of the organizations that associate with CAP, as of November 21, 2012:
- Aboriginal Affairs Coalition of Saskatchewan
- Alliance Autochtone du Quebec Inc
- Federation of Newfoundland Indians (Qalipu Mi’kmaq First Nation Band)
- Labrador Métis Nation, (Nunatukavut)
- New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council
- Native Council of Nova Scotia
- Native Council of Prince Edward Island
- Ontario Coalition of Aboriginal Peoples
- United Native Nations Society (British Columbia)
- Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
- Indian Register
- Indian Act
- Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples
- The Canadian Crown and Aboriginal peoples
- "Congress of Aboriginal Peoples Affiliates". Retrieved 2009-11-20.
- What is MNC?, Métis National Council
- "Federal Court grants rights to Métis, non-status Indians". CBC News. January 8, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-28.
- "The Congress of Aboriginal Peoples elects new Chief" (pdf). Retrieved 2009-11-20.
- "CAP Affiliate - Aboriginal Affairs Coalition of Saskatchewan Inc". Retrieved 2009-11-20.
- "Alliance autochtone du Québec". Retrieved 2009-11-20.
- "Federation of Newfoundland Indians". Retrieved 2009-11-20.
- "Labrador Metis Nation". Retrieved 2009-11-20.
- "New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council". Retrieved 2009-11-20.
- "Native Council of Nova Scotia". Retrieved 2009-11-20.
- "Native Council of Prince Edward Island". Retrieved 2009-11-20.
- "Ontario Coalition of Aboriginal Peoples". Retrieved 2009-11-20.
- "United Native Nations Society". Retrieved 2009-11-20.
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