Congress of Colombia

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Coordinates: 4°35′53″N 74°4′33″W / 4.59806°N 74.07583°W / 4.59806; -74.07583

Congress of the Republic of Colombia
Congreso de la República de Colombia
Coat of arms of Colombia.svg
Type
Type
Houses Chamber of Representatives
Senate
Seats 266
166 representatives
100 senators
Elections
single-seat constituency
Meeting place
Capitolio Nacional, Bogotá
Website
www.congreso.gov.co
www.camara.gov.co
www.senado.gov.co
Coat of arms of Colombia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Colombia
Constitution

The Congress of the Republic of Colombia (Spanish: Congreso de la República de Colombia) is the name given to Colombia's bicameral national legislature.

The Congress of Colombia consists of the 102-seat Senate (Senado), and the 166-seat Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes). Members of both houses are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. The Congress meets twice a year in two ordinary sessions: The first from July 20 to December 16, and the second from March 16 to June 20. The Executive branch can call for extraordinary sessions at any time, but never after June 20 in an election year. Every year on July 20 the congress also internally elects the President of Congress.

Both houses of Congress meet at the neoclassical Capitolio Nacional ("National Capitol") building in central Bogotá, the construction of which began in 1847 and was not concluded until 1926. Every house has its own election procedure and individual powers that make them different from each other, which are further discussed in the article for each individual chamber.

Senate[edit]

Main article: Senate of Colombia

The Senate has 102 elected members for four-year terms.

How the Senate is elected[edit]

According to the Colombian Constitution, 100 senators (senador(es)) are elected from a single national candidate list. The remaining two are elected from a special list set aside for Indigenous peoples communities. Senators can be elected by Colombian citizens abroad.

Requirements[edit]

To be a senator, a person must be a natural-born Colombian citizen who has attained the age of 30 years at the moment of election.

Exclusive powers of the Senate[edit]

  1. Approve or reject the resignations of both the President and the Vice-President.
  2. Approve or reject all military rank promotion at all grades.
  3. Grant leaves of absence for the President in cases other than sickness, and determine whether the reasons for the leave are worthy.
  4. Allow for the transit of foreign troops through Colombian territory.
  5. Authorize the Government to declare war on a foreign nation.
  6. Elect the Constitutional Court justices.
  7. Elect the Inspector General.[1]

The Chamber[edit]

The Chamber has 166 elected members for four-year terms.

How the Chamber is elected[edit]

According to the Colombian Constitution, every department is an electoral circumscription. There are also four special circumscriptions: One for Indian communities, one for Afro-Colombian communities (negritudes), one for other minorities and one for Colombian citizens abroad, which have become lately a coveted political group. There will be two representatives for each territorial circumscription, and every territorial circumscription will elect an additional member for every 250,000 residents or fraction greater than 125,000 residents in excess of the first 250,000 residents. The Afro-Colombian circunscription elects two representatives, and the Indian, other minority and expatriate circumscriptions elect one each.

Requirements[edit]

To be a representative, a person must be a Colombian citizen (regardless of place of birth) who has attained the age of 25 years at the moment of election.

Exclusive powers of the Chamber[edit]

  1. Elect the People's Defender of Colombia.
  2. Examine the budget and treasury audit by the Auditor General.
  3. Indict for the impeachment of the following officeholders: President, Constitutional Court justices, Supreme Court justices, Judicature Superior Council magistrates, State Council magistrates and the Attorney General.
  4. Listen to the complaints stated by the Attorney General or private citizens against the aforementioned officers, and recommend impeachment if they're worthwhile.
  5. Request the aid of other authorities to pursue the investigations.

Peace Talks[edit]

On 14 June 2012,Colombian congress passed a law that could pave the way for peace talks with leftist guerrillas, raising hopes for an end to the war.But the critics have criticised the law by callig it too lenient.[2]

Images[edit]

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 14 March 2010 Chamber of Representatives of Colombia election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Party of the U (Partido de la U) 2,486,824 25.9 47
Colombian Conservative Party (Partido Conservador Colombiano) 2,057,849 21.4 38
Colombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 1,856,068 19.3 37
Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 743,758 7.7 15
National Integration Party (Partido de Integración Nacional) 714,476 7.4 12
Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 563,555 5.9 4
Independent Absolute Renovation Movement (Movimiento Independiente de Renovación Absoluta) 284,244 3.0 3
Green Party (Partido Verde) 283,293 3.0 3
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) 182,515 1.9 1
Liberal Alternative (Alternativa Liberal) 171,090 1.8 1
Liberal Opening (Apertura Liberal) 117,871 1.2 2
Regional Integration (Integración Regional) 5,045 0.1 1
Others 143,883 1.5
Total valid votes (turnout 43.8%) 9,610,471 100.0 164
Sources: Adam Carr's Election Archive
e • d Summary of the 14 March 2010 Senate of Colombia election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Party of the U (Partido de la U) 2,804,123 25.8 28
Colombian Conservative Party (Partido Conservador Colombiano) 2,298,748 21.2 22
Colombian Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Colombiano) 1,763,908 16.3 17
National Integration Party (Partido de Integración Nacional) 907,468 8.4 9
Radical Change (Cambio Radical) 888,851 8.2 8
Alternative Democratic Pole (Polo Democrático Alternativo) 848,305 7.8 8
Green Party (Partido Verde) 531,293 4.9 5
Independent Absolute Renovation Movement (MIRA party) 298,862 2.8 3
Citizens' Compromise for Colombia (Compromiso Ciudadano por Colombia) 182,286 1.7 0
Others 326,763 3.0
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) 1
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia (Autoridades Indígenas de Colombia) 1
Total valid votes (turnout 44.2%) 10,851,207 100.0 102
Sources: Adam Carr's Election Archive
e • d Seats reserved for indigenous
Parties Votes % Seats
Indigenous Social Alliance (Alianza Social Indigena) 26,428 25.1 1
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia (Autoridades Indigenas de Colombia) 23,809 22.6 1
National Integration Party (Partido de Integración Nacional) 20,887 19.9
Others 34,111 32.4
Total (turnout %) 105,235 100.0 2
Source: Adam Carr's Election Archive

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]