Congress of Neurological Surgeons
|Congress of Neurological Surgeons|
|Motto||Education and Innovation|
|President||Daniel Resnick, M.D.|
Nathan R. Selden, M.D., Ph.D.
Ali Rezai, M.D.
Executive Director:David A. Westman
The Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) is a professional body representing neurosurgeons, neurosurgical residents, medical students, and allied health professionals. The mission statement of the CNS is "To enhance the health and improve lives worldwide through the advancement of education and scientific exchange."
- 1 History
- 2 Membership
- 3 Educational Mission
- 4 Publications
- 5 Annual Scientific Meeting
- 6 Advocacy Efforts
- 7 Founder's Laurel
- 8 References
- 9 External links
World War II produced a dramatic change in the world of neurological surgery. Deployed surgeons learned neurosurgery while on active duty in one of the armed services. Others experienced either abbreviated training, or had their program interrupted when called to active duty. After the war these surgeons returned to the U.S. with a need to add academic credibility to their training. Existing neurosurgical training programs incorporated these surgeons and the number of training sites proliferated. Thus, in the late 1940s there was an explosion in the numbers of young neurosurgeons surfacing in communities and seeking recognition from organized neurosurgical societies. There was intense resistance from the established neurosurgical community, however, to this new group of neurosurgeons. The Harvey Cushing Society (currently the AANS), did not immediately recognize this new group of neurosurgeons and made efforts to exclude them from their organization. The precursor to the CNS was the Interurban Neurosurgical Society organized by neurosurgeons Adrian Verbruggen and Harold Voris meeting at the University Club of Chicago. The society was open to all neurosurgeons living no more than one travel day away from Chicago. It met for one day only (Saturday). There was a mailing list but no dues, by-laws, officers or publications. About 150 neurosurgeons attended once a year. Most attendees were from the northeast, mid atlantic, southeast, and midwest. One or two discussion topics were introduced in the morning and one or two different topics were considered in the afternoon. Eventually, a more organized effort was put together when twenty two neurosurgeons met in St. Louis, Missouri. They became the Founding Members of the CNS. In 1951, the first formal organizing and scientific meeting was convened in Memphis, Tennessee, attended by 121 neurosurgeons. The CNS was infolded into the AANS for several years until it held its own independent meeting in 2000, completing the separation of the two organizations. The CNS has expanded significantly and is now one of the major neurosurgical societies in the world with over 8000 members worldwide.
Membership in the Congress of Neurological Surgeons is available to board-certified and board-eligible neurosurgeons, residents, fellows, as well as nursing and allied health professionals from the US and worldwide. Member dues support the educational efforts, annual meetings, publications, physician and patient resources, job placement service, advocacy, and practice management resources.
- Active International
- International Vista
An applicant for Active Membership in the Congress must be a licensed physician, whose practice is substantially limited to neurological surgery. Further, an applicant for Active Membership must:
- be certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgery, the Royal College of Physicians or Surgeons of Canada, or the equivalent; or
- have completed the residency training requirements of a program approved by the American Board of Neurological Surgery; or
- have acceptable academic training equivalent to the requirements for eligibility for examination by the American Board of Neurological Surgery; or
- be a member in good standing in the applicant's local or regional medical society, or provide equivalent documentation of good standing in the local medical community. Applicants who are active duty officers in the Armed Forces are exempt from this requirement.
Neurosurgeons who live and practice outside of North America (the United States, its territories, Canada and Mexico) may become Active Members with full rights, privileges, and financial obligations. Active International Members may participate in all Congress Activities and may serve as members of committees and as consultants, but may not hold office or committee chairs. Active International Members may not vote.
Affiliate Members are individuals who are (a) Allied Healthcare Professionals (nurses, physicians' assistants, etc.), (b) involved in neurosurgically related patient care, teaching or research, and (c) have been recommended for membership in writing by one Active Member of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons. Affiliate Members pay dues and may serve on committees but may not vote or hold office.
Associate Members are physicians and/or scientists who (a) are not neurological surgeons, (b) have shown distinction in some neurosurgically related discipline, and (c) have been recommended for membership in writing by two Active Members of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.
Honorary Membership may be granted to certain individuals whom the Executive Committee selects without reference to the foregoing qualifications.
Active Members in good standing may apply to the Secretary in writing for Inactive Membership, due to the onset of long-term illness, retirement from active practice, or for other reasons deemed sufficient by the Executive Committee.
All eligible neurosurgeons must
- Reside and practice outside North America (United States, Canada, and Mexico).
- Be a member of your local or regional Neurosurgical Society.
- Provide a letter of verification or certificate from your local or regional society confirming your member status via mail or fax
These members have Internet only access to CNS publications (see below).
Resident Membership is available to any resident or fellow in good standing in a neurosurgical training program in North America approved by the American Board of Neurological Surgery, The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons in Canada or the equivalent entity in Mexico, or in a fellowship immediately following completion of a neurological surgery training program.
Senior Membership is granted to any person 65 years of age or older is an Active Member in good standing. Senior Members are exempt from payment of annual dues. Senior Members may continue to participate in committee activities, to receive the annual meeting program, to purchase Congress publications at member rates, and to avail themselves of such other benefits of membership as the Executive Committee may determine. Senior Members may be reinstated to Active Membership on request, subject to approval of the Executive Committee.
Medical Student Members
Available to medical students interested in a career in neurosurgery.
The CNS has multiple efforts aimed at advancing neurosurgical education to practicing neurosurgeons, resident neurosurgeons, and medical students. These efforts include online products and services such as the University of Neurosurgery, the NeuroWiki, and Self Assessment in Neurological Surgery (SANS). Many of these educational efforts provide credits for Continuing medical education. The CNS also supports the Neurosurgery Boot Camps. These are practical and didactic educational sessions that occur annually at the beginning of the academic year and introduce basic concepts to incoming neurosurgery interns. These are held jointly with the Society of Neurological Surgeons.
Maintenance of Certification
Board certified neurosurgeons must successfully pass a Maintenance of Certification exam in order to remain board certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgeons. A component of re-certification is successful completion of the Self Assessment in Neurological Surgery (SANS) examination every 3 years.
The official scientific journal of the CNS is Neurosurgery, a peer reviewed, monthly publication. The CNS also produces Clinical Neurosurgery, which contains the proceedings of the annual meeting. Additionally, the CNS publishes CNS Quarterly which updates members on various CNS activities including socio-economic and political activities of the organization on a quarterly basis.
Neurosurgery is the monthly scientific journal owned and controlled by the CNS. Its current (2010 Journal Citation Reports) impact factor is 3.298 placing it 18th out of 187 peer-reviewed surgical journals, and 50th out of 185 peer-reviewed clinical neurology journals.
Annual Scientific Meeting
The CNS holds its three and a half day annual meeting in the fall of each year. The meeting presents the latest in all aspects of neurosurgical research, including basic, translational, and clinical. Scientific presentations are made in oral and poster format. All sections of neurosurgery are represented during the meeting including: Cerebrovascular, Spine, Tumor, Peripheral Nerve, Pain, Stereotactic and Functional, Pediatric, Trauma and the Council of State Neurosurgical Societies (CSNS). Attending the annual meeting provides medical attendees with Continuing medical education credits. The meeting also features named lectures, notably the Dandy Lecture, named in honor of neurosurgical pioneer Walter Dandy. Other special lectures are frequently featured.
- Medical Malpractice Reform
- Tort Reform
- Adequate Medicare Reimbursement
- Pay-for-Performance Issues
- EMTALA Issues
- Patient Safety Issues
In addition, the Washington staff maintains the Neurosurgery Blog which highlights the latest legislative activities affecting health care and the neurosurgical specialty.
Each year the CNS recognizes exceptional service, lifelong dedication and meritorious accomplishments in the field of medical education.
- 2004, David G. Piepgras
- 2005, John A. Jane, Sr.
- 2006, Albert L. Rhoton, Jr.
- 2007, Tetsuo Kanno
- 2008, David G. Kline
- 2009, L.N. Hopkins
- 2010, Robert F. Spetzler
- 2011, Ralph G. Dacey
- 2012, Joel D. MacDonald
- 2013, Arthur L. Day
-  | History of the CNS
-  | About the Membership of the CNS
-  | Membership information at www.cns.org
- | CNS University of Neurosurgery
- http://sans.cns.org/ | SANS Online
- http://www.abns.org/content/moc.asp | ABNS website
- Annual Meeting
-  | CNS Education Products
- Political Issues