Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists
Leader Stepan Bratsiun[1]
Founded October 18, 1992 (1992-10-18)
Headquarters Kiev, Ukraine
Ideology Ukrainian nationalism, Right-wing populism
Political position Far-right
International affiliation None
European affiliation Alliance for Europe of the Nations
Colours Red
Website
http://www.cun.org.ua
Politics of Ukraine
Political parties
Elections

The Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists (Ukrainian: Конгрес українських націоналістів Konhres Ukrayinskykh Natsionalistiv) is a far-right political party in Ukraine. It was founded on October 18, 1992 and registered with the Ministry of Justice on January 26, 1993.[2] The party leader from its formation and until her death in 2003 was Yaroslava Stetsko (people's deputy of three VR conventions).

History[edit]

The party was set up late 1992 by émigrés of OUN-B[3] on the initiative of Slava Stetsko and Roman Zvarych.[4] It was registered on 26 January 1993 by the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice and was the 11th political party in Ukraine that was officially registered.[1]

During the 1998 parliamentary election the party was part (together with Ukrainian Conservative Republican Party and Ukrainian Republican Party[5]) of the Election Bloc "National Front"[2][5] (Ukrainian: Виборчий блок партій «Національний фронт») which won 2,71%[2] of the national votes and 6 (single-mandate constituency) seats.[5][6]

At the parliamentary elections on 30 March 2002, the party was part of the Viktor Yushchenko Bloc Our Ukraine.[2] Former party leader Oleksiy Ivchenko was the head of Naftogas of Ukraine under the Yekhanurov Government. He was elected as the party leader on the seventh convention of the party on April 13, 2003.

During the parliamentary elections on 26 March 2006, the party was part of the Our Ukraine alliance.[2] Roman Zvarych was Minister of Justice in the First Tymoshenko Government and Second Tymoshenko Government[7] and in the Alliance of National Unity.[8][9]

At the end of 2006, the Prosecutor General of Ukraine’s Office opened a criminal case against party leader Oleksii Ivchenko on charges of embezzlement and abuse of his official position as former head of Naftogaz.[10] Ivchenko was dropped from its party ticket in the spring of 2007.[10] The party refused to join the Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc in August 2007[11] and almost a month before the elections decided not to run in the 2007 parliamentary elections.[2][10]

In the 2010 local elections the party biggest achievement was winning two seats in the Lviv Oblast Counsel.[12] In December 2011 Stepan Bratsiun was elected party leader.[1]

The party competed on one single party under "umbrella" party Our Ukraine in the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election, together with Ukrainian People's Party; this list won won 1.11% of the national votes and no constituencies and thus failed to win parliamentary representation.[13][14] The party itself had competed in 28 constituencies and lost in all.[15][16]

In the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election the party was electable on a nation wide list and it the participated in 8 constituencies; but its candidates lost in all of them and the party received only 0.05% of the votes nationwide and thus the party won no parliamentary seats.[17][18][19]

Ideology[edit]

The party supports democratic nationalism and a strong nation state independent from Russia.[20]

Relation with Jews[edit]

In their fight against "cosmopolitanism", party members have in the past espoused in what was seen as anti-Semitic views. In 2005 the official organ of the party, newspaper "The Nation and Power", published an article which said: "The titular nation in Ukraine (ethnic Ukrainians) will disappear in 2006.... After the 2006 election, Ukrainians will dance around the Jews.".[21] In his speech at the opening of the Holodomor Memorial in November 2007, the Head of the party in Zaporizhia Oblast Tymchina stated: "Our time has come, and the Dnieper will soon be red with the blood of Kikes (slur for Jews) and Moskals (slur for Russians)."[22] The Kommersant newspaper on 26 January 2010 quoted the head of the Kiev city organization Yuri Shepetyuk saying: "There is no anti-Semitism in Ukraine. The Jews themselves organize various provocations, and then talk about the persecution in their address, to get even more funding from abroad". Kommersant notes: "However, he (Yuri Shepetyuk) did not specify what provocations were staged in Ukraine by representatives of the Jewish community."[23]

However, as of recently the official website the party appears to express support for Zionism and Israel (although not the Israeli government, for prosecuting Demjanjuk), and regards Ze'ev Jabotinsky as a hero, as it features articles by Moysey Fishbein[24] as well as a few other articles,[25] although the party does defend alleged Nazi war criminal John Demjanjuk; who they believe is wrongly accused. It would seem as though most anti-semitism has been removed from the party in light of the new support for Israel.

Goals[edit]

  • Strengthening of Ukrainian national values among the masses of Ukrainian society
  • Strengthening political, social and cultural rights of the Ukrainian Nation
  • Bringing to power highly educated professionals - Patriots
  • Overcoming the consequences of the colonial past: cosmopolitanism (derogatory epithet for Jews coined by Joseph Stalin during his anti-Semitic campaign of 1949 – 1953), mass-russification, complex of less-worth culture, and others
  • Insuring politically free comprehensive development and full self-expression of creative and spiritual forces of the Ukrainian Nation, and its establishment in the circle of freedom-loving nations of the world as the fully valued subject of history
  • Removal of "visual vestiges" of the Soviet Union from Ukraine, including monuments to Lenin.[26]

Symbols[edit]

The flag, seen in Kyiv, in December 2013

The flag of the Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists is a rectangular two-color banner with two horizontal halves. The upper half is red and the bottom half is black. It is inspired by the flag of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. There emblem is based on that of the former Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists. The red background circle is in-framed by the black (outside) and gold (inside) line with a cross which is placed in the middle and appears to be as a sword. The sword, being aimed blade down, has a dual meaning: the organization in its activities is guided by the principles of Christian morality and the Congress of Ukrainian Nationalists is ready to protect the Ukrainian State.

Motto[edit]

Glory to Ukraine! To Heroes (her) Glory! Other versions include, but not limited to Glory to free Ukraine! To Heroes (her) Glory!

Electoral results[edit]

Presidential since 1994
(year links to election page)
Year Candidate Votes %
1994
Parliamentary since 1994
(year links to election page)
Year Votes % Mandates Notes
1994
361,352
1.30
5
independently
1998
721,966
2.71
0
as part "National Front"
2002
6,108,088
23.57
111
as part of Yushchenko Bloc
2006
3,539,140
13.95
81
as part of Our Ukraine
2007 DNP
2012
226,482
1.11
0
under "umbrella" party Our Ukraine


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (Ukrainian) «Конгрес Українських Націоналістів» офіційно повідомив про зміну партійного лідера, Ukrainian Ministry of Justice (9 September 2011)
  2. ^ a b c d e f (Ukrainian) Конгресс Українських Націоналістів, Database DATA
  3. ^ Ukrainian Nationalism in the 1990s: A Minority Faith by Andrew Wilson, Cambridge University Press, 1996, ISBN 0521574579 (page 78)
  4. ^ Heroes and Villains: Creating National History in Contemporary Ukraine by David Marples, Central European University Press, 2007, ISBN 963-7326-98-7 (page 197)
  5. ^ a b c State-Building: A Comparative Study of Ukraine, Lithuania, Belarus, and Russia by Verena Fritz, Central European University Press, 2008, ISBN 9637326995 (page 353)
  6. ^ Deputies/Elected in multi-mandate constituency/Elections 29.11.1998, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  7. ^ Heroes and Villains: Creating National History in Contemporary Ukraine by David Marples, Central European University Press, 2007, ISBN 963-7326-98-7 (page 102)
  8. ^ Analysis: The Faces Of Ukraine's New Cabinet, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (8 August 2006)
  9. ^ Verkhovna Rada approves new Cabinet members, UNIAN (11 November 2006)
  10. ^ a b c Shekhovtsov, Anton (2011)."The Creeping Resurgence of the Ukrainian Radical Right? The Case of the Freedom Party". Europe-Asia Studies Volume 63, Issue 2. pp. 203-228. doi:10.1080/09668136.2011.547696 (source also available here)
  11. ^ (Russian) КУН не пойдет в Раду вне очереди, Kommersant (August 7, 2007)
  12. ^ (Ukrainian) Results of the elections, preliminary data, on interactive maps by Ukrayinska Pravda (November 8, 2010)
  13. ^ (Ukrainian) Proportional votes & Constituency seats, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ (Ukrainian) Candidates, RBC Ukraine
  16. ^ Party of Regions gets 185 seats in Ukrainian parliament, Batkivschyna 101 - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (12 November 2012)
  17. ^ Poroshenko Bloc to have greatest number of seats in parliament, Ukrainian Television and Radio (8 November 2014)
    People's Front 0.33% ahead of Poroshenko Bloc with all ballots counted in Ukraine elections - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
    Poroshenko Bloc to get 132 seats in parliament - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
  18. ^ Political parties in the electoral process in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  19. ^ Data on vote counting in the nationwide election district, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
  20. ^ Political Parties of Eastern Europe: A Guide to Politics in the Post-Communist Era by Janusz Bugajski, M. E. Sharpe, 2002, ISBN 1-56324-676-7 (page 956)
  21. ^ Nation and Power, № 52, 27.12.05-2.01.06 (translation from Ukrainian)
  22. ^ «Украина криминальная», 29 ноября 2007, 14:15
  23. ^ http://www.kommersant.ua/doc.html?DocID=1310744 Украине задали еврейский вопрос, Артем Скоропадский, 26.01.2010
  24. ^ http://cun.org.ua/2010/yevreyska-karta-v-rosiyskih-spetsoperatsiyah-proti-ukrayini/ Article on Zionism and Ukrainian Nationalism by Mr. Fishbein (Ukrainian-language)
  25. ^ http://cun.org.ua/2006/kiyiv-vidznachiv-65-richnitsyu-progoloshennya-aktu-vidnovlennya-ukrayinskoyi-derzhavi/
  26. ^ Nationalists want all monuments to Lenin removed from Ukraine, Kyiv Post (7 November 2011)

External links[edit]