Congress of the New Right
|Congress of the New Right
Kongres Nowej Prawicy
|Founded||25 March 2011|
|Merger of||Freedom and Lawfulness and Real Politics Union|
|Politics of Poland
The Congress of the New Right (Polish: Kongres Nowej Prawicy) is a conservative libertarian political party in Poland. It was founded on 25 March 2011 by Janusz Korwin-Mikke from the merger of the Freedom and Lawfulness with several members of the Real Politics Union. The party assumed official name "Kongres Nowej Prawicy" on 12 May 2011.
The political organization "KNP" was founded by supporters of the Freedom and Lawfulness leader, Janusz Korwin-Mikke, who finished fourth in the Polish presidential election 2010, receiving remarkably significant number of 2.5% votes (over 400 thousand). In taking advantage of his raising popularity the group of political activists derived from the former party of Janusz Korwin-Mikke, the Real Politics Union, and the Freedom and Lawfulness (dissolved three days before), formed on 9 October 2010 an alliance in the form of new party the "Real Politics Union - Freedom and Lawfulness". The new faction took part in the Polish local election 2010, represented by commissioner Tomasz Sommer . The committee put forward candidates in thirteen voivodeship. The "Congress of New Rights" equaled results of his leader in two provinces, małopolskie (2.69%) and mazowieckie (2.32%). In terms of country overall votes, the party concluded the election at seventh place. The committee had its candidates for a position of mayor in main cities in Poland in the same election, 2010. Janusz Korwin-Mikke ended fourth in the presidential election (mayor) in Warsaw, gaining 3.90 percent of eligible votes. Afterwards, the new party, the Congress of the New Right was founded on 25 March 2011, day after the "Real Politics Union - Freedom and Lawfulness" had ceased to exist.
On 16 April 2011 a first meeting of the new party was arranged in Palace of Culture and Science. Over two thousand sympathizers arrived to the meeting, including noted people like Krzysztof Rybiński, Andrzej Sośnierz, Krzysztof Bosak, Romuald Szeremietiew, Stanisław Michalkiewicz or Tomasz Sommer. One month later, "Congress of the New Rights" was formally acknowledge on 12 April 2011 as a new name of the party.
The Congress had registered electoral committee under the name "Nowa Prawica - Janusz Korwin Mikke" for the upcoming elections 2011. National committee for election ("Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza") accepted the party for 21 of 41 electoral districts, refusing the Congress to enlist for the rest on the grounds of not delivering 'list of supporters' on time. The decision is generally received as controversial. National committee for election rejected to submit motives of the refusal despite it was constitutionally obliged to yield. This move effectively closed the Congress of the new Rights access to the Polish Parliament as it had to receive twice the votes of constitutional threshold of five percent in order to be elected into the Polish Parliament. The party could not put forward candidates in the most of the biggest cities in Poland, including Warsaw, where Janusz Korwin-Mikke was denied to be enlisted. Representatives of other parties (UPR, LPR and others) were put on the lists of the Congress of the new Rights. In the elections to the Polish Senate the party were allowed to put forward candidates on 10 of 100 electoral districts (the number of electoral districts differ for the Polish Parliament and the Polish Senate). The elections were expectedly disastrous for the party as it received merely 1.06% votes (151 837), the result that placed it at seventh place. Any party's candidate was not also envoted into the Senate.
On November 2012 The Youth Section of KNP (the Congress of the new Rights) was officially founded. The access is granted to adult people, however, the youth section cooperated also with young people that has not yet come to their age. They had been organized into the group of the Liberalni prior to the creation of the official youth section and defection of some of them.
The Congress of the New Right preaches liberty in the sphere of economy and conservatism in morals. The party program is derived from four fundamental rules:
- To a willing person, injury is not done (Latin "Volenti non fit injuria")
- No 'post fact law' (Latin "Lex retro non agit")
- Agreements should be obeyed (Latin "pacta sunt servanda")
- The guilt of accused should be proved by accuser (Latin "Ei incumbit probatio qui dicit, non qui negat")
The KNP endorses free market (in the understanding of Austrian school of economy, not 'free market' defined by leading media and politics), and every interference of government treats as harmful and unnecessary. It calls for dissolving of personal income tax (PIT) and corporate income tax (CIT) replaced by capitation tax, radical reduction of other taxes (e.g. VAT to 15%), disbanding once and for all redistribution of wealth, carrying put general privatization in the form of public bidding (including education, health care system, public media) and restoring main premise of Wilczek's legislation. Moreover, KNP embraces the standpoint of disbanding minimal wage and privileges of work labors. The party also demands constitutional amendment imposing on future governments to balance national budget (preventing incurring debts). The number of officials in Poland would be reduced dramatically from almost 500 thousand (in 2013) to few hundred (or few thousand) along with the great deal of regulations and restrictions. The party having been against adopting euro as polish official currency and strongly discourage from further integration within the European Union. In effect, it is commonly regarded as euro-skeptical.
In accordance with the official line of the party, taxes should cover exclusively defensive capability (army), security of citizens (police, fire brigade, intelligent service), truncated administration and environmental protection. In fact, transformation from over-expanded protective state to its basic form proposed by KNP would take several years. In the meantime tax income covers pension funds of citizens who has already elaborated their share and public debts. KNP assert firmly with 6-years rule Vacatio legis for any tax law before it takes into effect.
Generally, the party postulate to introduce a new tax law based on fundamental rule that no private profits is eligible for taxation (effectively liquidate any income taxes). It holds that only four types of taxation is favorable:
• Capitation tax - shall be paid in the form of lump sum by every citizen between the age of 18 and 68 - with the exception of women staying home - in the amount of around two hundred PLN. Capitation tax would substitute income taxes, greatly mitigating the economy pressure on citizens and simplifying the process. The KNP states each person is under the protection of public service (army, police, ...) and no one (with the exception highlight above) should be excluded from the duty to cover the expenses.
• Property tax - standardized to value paid by the size of land regardless of the land purpose.
The juridical system must be reformed according to the party and American principle of continuous trial (legal proceeding is not interrupted even by a day) introduced. In many proposal emerges ideas like random assignment of judges to cases, election of regional attorneys. KNP puts forward hardening the line on verdicts, while releasing the strain on prevention. Murders of severely cruel circumstances will be met with the death penalty.
The party strongly urged to liquidate coercive pension and health care system, in parallel respecting the rights of people having earned in previous years (pension, health care). Members of KNP lean toward conservative values that comes from Christian religion opposing abortion and civil union. On the other side, they are in favor of free access to weapons and releasing the ban on drugs trading.
KNP is against interfering with current election system. It calls for enacting a new constitution embroiled with the liberal, reduction on size of the Polish Parliament and forming the Council of State, which would replace the Parliament as the organ that passes a law. KNP also backs on the idea that regions should have more autonomy.
The party's main priorities are lowering taxes and reducing the national debt.
2011 Polish Election
In the 2011 Parliamentary election the party got 151,837 votes or 1.06% of the total.
- "Obniżenie podatków i legalizacja marihuany. Recepta Korwin-Mikkego na Polskę". Newsweek Polska (in Polish). 31 May 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011.