Congressional Country Club
Clubhouse in 2007, 10th tee in foreground
|Tournaments hosted||AT&T National, U.S. Open|
|Designed by||Devereux Emmet|
(71 for 2011 U.S. Open)
|Length||7,574 yards (6,926 m)|
|Designed by||Devereux Emmet, George Fazio, Tom Fazio|
|Length||6,844 yards (6,258 m)|
Congressional Country Club is a country club and golf course in Bethesda, Maryland, USA. Congressional opened in 1924 and its Blue Course has hosted three U.S. Opens and a PGA Championship. Founding life members include William H. Taft, Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover. It is currently an annual stop on the PGA Tour, with the AT&T National hosted by Tiger Woods. Previously, Congressional hosted the Kemper Open until its move to nearby TPC at Avenel in 1987. While Avenel was under renovation in 2005, the tournament returned to Congressional, then known as the Booz Allen Classic. Congressional hosted its third U.S. Open in 2011. Tournament winners at Congressional have included Rory McIlroy, Ken Venturi, Ernie Els and Tiger Woods, among many others.
The courses 
Congressional has two 18-hole golf courses: the world-renowned Blue Course and the Gold Course. The Blue Course was designed by Devereux Emmet and has been renovated over the years by numerous architects, including Donald Ross, Robert Trent Jones and most recently by Rees Jones. The course was included in the Links series, and in 2011 is to be available for the Virtual Championship at World Golf Tour.
Both courses are known for their rolling terrain, tree-lined fairways, and wide challenging greens. Water hazards also come into play on both courses.
Blue Course 
The Blue Course has hosted all of the significant golf tournaments contested at Congressional. The course is often considered among the best 100 courses in the United States; Golf Digest ranked it 89th in its 2006 listing of the 100 Greatest Golf Courses. In 2007, Golf Digest ranked it 86th in America's 100 Greatest Golf Courses. The Blue Course has been redesigned by Robert Trent Jones in 1957 and Rees Jones twice, in 1989 and 2006. The course measures 7,574 yards (6,926 m) from the back tees. It is a par 72 (but plays as a par 70 for all PGA tour events, with holes 6 and 11 reduced to par 4's) with a course and slope rating of 75.4/142. Bent grass is used for the fairways and for the greens. Until renovated in 2009, Annual Bluegrass (Poa annua) was used for the greens.
18th hole 
The Blue Course was originally designed to finish on a par-three 18th hole, playing over the lake to a green that finished in a natural amphitheatre below the clubhouse. The USGA has long held a dislike towards par-threes for finishing holes, as they are perceived as anticlimactic and (in most cases) do not require the player to hit an accurate tee-shot with a driver, which can sometimes be difficult to execute under the extreme pressure of a major championship.
In order to avoid such a conflict, the USGA has employed various course configurations over the years to allow tournaments to be played over the Blue Course without finishing on the par-three 18th. For the 1964 U.S. Open (and 1976 PGA Championship), as well as for the Kemper Opens played in the 1980s, two holes from the adjoining Gold Course were inserted into the routing in order to allow the par-four 17th hole of the Blue Course (long considered the most demanding hole on the course) to be played as the 18th instead.
During the 1995 U.S. Senior Open, it was decided to use the existing par-three 18th for the time, but it was played out of order as the 10th. However, this proved to be logistically difficult, as there was a rather long walk around the lake to get from the 9th green to the 10th tee, followed by another as the players had to double back to get to the 11th tee following completion of the 10th. The USGA broke with tradition for the 1997 U.S. Open, and played the entire Blue Course in its original order and finished with the par-3 18th, which was the first time in history that the tournament had finished on a par-three.
The USGA was unsatisfied with their experiment, as most of the drama surrounding the 1997 Open had been decided at the 17th hole. With the creation of the new tour event in 2007 as well as the upcoming 2011 U.S. Open, it was decided to solve the problem once and for all. The club voted to permanently reverse the direction of the 18th hole, and Rees Jones was brought in to design a new par-3, which now plays in the opposite direction to the old 18th. The new hole now plays as the 10th, with the rest of the routing shifted so that the original par-four 17th hole now plays as the permanent 18th. A long walk from the new 10th green to the 11th tee remains, but not nearly as far as the old configuration.
|U.S. Open||-- / --||402||233||466||470||413||555||173||354||636||3702||218||494||471||193||467||490||579||437||523||3872||7574|
|Blue||75.4 / 142||402||211||455||427||407||544||174||354||602||3576||218||507||415||187||454||439||579||437||466||3702||7278|
|Gold||73.2 / 135||378||184||418||414||383||488||157||345||544||3311||170||489||372||163||408||419||550||420||425||3416||6727|
|White||70.6 / 131||339||160||382||383||379||470||131||336||506||3086||139||464||346||137||338||397||515||394||383||3113||6199|
|Red||69.2 / 126||322||153||365||407||368||455||117||327||448||2962||109||458||340||134||332||400||446||375||379||2973||5935|
Gold Course 
The Gold Course has always been the shorter course in comparison to the Blue Course. It has been renovated twice; with George Fazio and Tom Fazio redoing the final nine holes in 1977. In 2000, the course got a complete renovation by Arthur Hills. Not only did Hills lengthen the course, he also reconstructed the tees, fairways, greens, and cart paths. The course is now as challenging as the Blue Course. It ranked 5th Greatest Golf Course in the state of Maryland according to Golf Digest Greatest Golf Courses in 2007. It now measures 6,844 yards (6,258 m) from the back tees. It is a par 71 with a slope rating of 73.6/135. Bent grass is used for the fairways and Poa annua grass is used for the greens.
Tournaments held at Congressional 
Major tournaments held 
|1964||U.S. Open||Ken Venturi||17,000|
|1976||PGA Championship||Dave Stockton||45,000|
|1995||U.S. Senior Open||Tom Weiskopf||175,000|
|1997||U.S. Open||Ernie Els||465,000|
|2011||U.S. Open||Rory McIlroy||1,440,000|
Major championships 
The first major championship to be held at Congressional was the U.S. Open in 1964. Ken Venturi won the tournament with a score of two under par in the last Open to finish on Saturday. A dozen years later, the 1976 PGA Championship was held at Congressional. With the course playing as a par 70, Dave Stockton sank a par-saving putt on the 72nd hole to win by one stroke at 281 (+1). The second U.S. Open at Congressional was played in 1997. Ernie Els won his second major championship with a score of four under par. The Blue Course hosted the 2011 U.S. Open from June 16 to June 19. Twenty-two-year-old Rory McIlroy of Northern Ireland won the championship with a final score of 16 under par, a U.S. Open record. He won by 8 shots.
Other tournaments 
The Kemper Open, later called the Booz Allen Classic, was played at Congressional eight times. Notable winners include Craig Stadler, John Mahaffey, Fred Couples, Greg Norman, and Sergio García. The 2007 AT&T National, sponsored and hosted by Tiger Woods, was played at Congressional July 5–8 and was won by K.J. Choi of South Korea. The 2008 AT&T was played July 3–6 and won by Anthony Kim. Tiger Woods was unable to play due to surgery on his knee. The 2009 AT&T National was played July 2–5 and won by host, Tiger Woods. The 2012 playing of the AT&T National saw a much harder golf course than the U.S. Open, with only ten players finishing under par. The tournament was won once again by Tiger Woods at 8 under par.
The course has hosted two USGA amateur golf tournaments: the U.S. Junior Amateur of 1949, won by Gay Brewer, and the U.S. Women's Amateur of 1959, won by Barbara McIntire. The 2009 U.S. Amateur had originally been scheduled to be played at Congressional, but the event was relocated in order to allow the club to make further changes to the course prior to the 2011 US Open. This scheduling change allowed for the AT&T National to be held in 2009 at Congressional.
The current initiation fee for the club is $120,000. The waiting list is approximately 10 years. Once admitted to the club, the applicant may enjoy the club’s social facilities for a monthly fee while waiting an extra two years for use of the golf facilities.
Notable past members 
Members of Congressional have included:
- William Howard Taft
- Woodrow Wilson
- Warren G. Harding
- Calvin Coolidge
- Herbert Hoover
- Dwight D. Eisenhower
- Gerald R. Ford
- Vince Lombardi
- John D. Rockefeller
- Harvey Firestone
- William Randolph Hearst
- Walter Chrysler
- James Cash Penny
- Andrew Carnegie
Many Washington, D.C. dignitaries attended the 1997 U.S. Open.
Congressional Country Club has an indoor bowling alley, tennis club, grand ballroom, one indoor and two outdoor pools, fitness center, fine dining and grand foyer. It also has overnight guest accommodations and a paddle tennis area. It has hosted a number of famous weddings. It also has a spa, massage services, indoor jacuzzi, men's and women's locker rooms, two bars with large plasma televisions, and a grill for everyday eating. Congressional's expansive clubhouse is the largest clubhouse in the United States.
- "Blue Course at Congressional Country Club". GOLFCOURSE.com. 2006. Retrieved 2006-06-24.
- "Gold Course at Congressional Country Club". GOLFCOURSE.com. 2006. Retrieved 2006-06-24.
- "Congressional (Md.) Country Club To Host 2011 U.S. Open; 2009 U.S. Amateur". USGA news (United States Golf Association). 2004-10-06. Retrieved 2006-06-24.[dead link]
- "Southern Hills To Host 2009 U.S. Amateur". United States Golf Association. 2007-09-21. Retrieved 2008-06-22.[dead link]
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