Connecticut's at-large congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

During the first twenty-four Congresses (March 4, 1789 until March 3, 1837) Connecticut elected all its Representatives in Congress from a single multi-member Connecticut at-large congressional district.

From 1789-1793 Connecticut elected 5 at-large representatives.
From 1793-1823 Connecticut elected 7 at-large representatives.
From 1823-1837 Connecticut elected 6 at-large representatives.

From 1903 to 1913 and from 1933 to 1965, Connecticut had a member of the United States House of Representatives who represented the state at-large, in addition to the members who represented distinct districts.

This practice was banned by the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

List of representatives[edit]

1789 – 1837: five, then seven, then six seats[edit]

All members were elected state-wide at-large on a general ticket.

Congress & Years
1st seat 2nd seat 3rd seat 4th seat 5th seat 6th seat 7th seat
Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history Rep. Electoral history
1 March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
Benjamin Huntington.JPGBenjamin Huntington
(Pro-Admin)
Elected in 1788
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
RogerShermanPortrait.jpg Roger Sherman
(Pro-Admin)
Elected in 1788
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Jonathan Sturges
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1788 JonathanTrumbull.jpg Jonathan Trumbull, Jr.
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1788 No image.svg Jeremiah Wadsworth
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1788 Seat created in 1793 Seat created in 1793
2 March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
James Hillhouse of New Haven Connecticut.jpg James Hillhouse
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1790 No image.svg Amasa Learned
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1790 Re-elected in 1790
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Re-elected in 1790 Re-elected in 1790
3 March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Re-elected in 1792 Re-elected in 1792
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Joshua Coit
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1792 Re-elected in 1792
Retired
Re-elected in 1792
Retired when elected to U.S. Senate
No image.svg Zephariah Swift
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1792 UriahTracy.jpg Uriah Tracy
(Pro-Admin)
First elected in 1792
4 March 4, 1795 –
October 13, 1796
James Hillhouse of New Haven Connecticut.jpg James Hillhouse
(F)
Re-elected in 1794
Resigned when elected to U.S. Senate
Chauncey Goodrich.jpg Chauncey Goodrich
(F)
First elected in 1794 No image.svg Joshua Coit
(F)
Re-elected in 1794 No image.svg Roger Griswold
(F)
Elected in 1794 No image.svg Nathaniel Smith
(F)
Elected in 1794 No image.svg Zephariah Swift
(F)
Re-elected in 1794
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
UriahTracy.jpg Uriah Tracy
(F)
Re-elected in 1794
Resigned when elected to U.S. Senate
October 13, 1796 –
December 5, 1796
Vacant
December 5, 1796 –
January 3, 1797
No image.svg James Davenport
(F)
First elected to finish term in 1796
January 3, 1797 –
March 3, 1797
No image.svg Samuel W. Dana
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
5 March 4, 1797 –
August 3, 1797
Also elected to full term in 1796
Died
Re-elected in 1796 Re-elected in 1796
Died
Re-elected in 1796 Elected in 1796
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg John Allen
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
August 3, 1797 –
November 13, 1797
Vacant
November 13, 1797 –
September 5, 1798
No image.svg William Edmond
(F)
First elected to finish term in 1797
September 5, 1798 –
December 3, 1798
Vacant
December 3, 1798 –
March 3, 1799
No image.svg Jonathan Brace
(F)
Resigned
6 March 4, 1799 –
? 1800
Re-elected in 1798
Retired
Re-elected in 1798
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Re-elected in 1798 No image.svg Elizur Goodrich
(F)
First elected in 1798
Re-elected in 1800, but did not serve
John Davenport by Ralph Earl 1794.jpeg John Davenport
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
 ? 1800 –
November 17, 1800
Vacant
November 17, 1800 –
March 3, 1801
John Cotton Smith engraving.png John Cotton Smith
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
7 March 4, 1801 –
May 14, 1801
Benjamin Tallmadge by Ezra Ames.JPG Benjamin Tallmadge
(F)
First elected in 1800 No image.svg Elias Perkins
(F)
Elected in 1800
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
Re-elected in 1800 Vacant
May 14, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
No image.svg Calvin Goddard
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
8 March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
Re-elected in 1802 No image.svg Simeon Baldwin
(F)
Elected in 1802
Retired
Re-elected in 1802
9 March 4, 1805 –
?before September 16, 1805
Re-elected in 1804 No image.svg Jonathan O. Moseley
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Re-elected in 1804
Resigned
 ?before September 16, 1805 –
September 16, 1805
Vacant Vacant
September 16, 1805 –
August 1806
No image.svg Timothy Pitkin
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Lewis B. Sturges
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
August 1806 –
December 1, 1806
Vacant
December 1, 1806 –
March 3, 1807
No image.svg Theodore Dwight
(F)
Retired
10 March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
Re-elected in 1806 Anson Dickinson - Portrait of Epaphroditus Champion in 1825.jpg Epaphroditus Champion
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
11 March 4, 1809 –
May 10, 1810
Re-elected in 1808
May 10, 1810 –
October 11, 1810
Vacant
October 11, 1810 –
March 3, 1811
No image.svg Ebenezer Huntington
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
12 March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Re-elected in 1810 No image.svg Lyman Law
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
13 March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Re-elected in 1812
14 March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Re-elected in 1814
Retired
15 March 4, 1817 –
? 1818
No image.svg Thomas Scott Williams
(F)
Elected in 1816
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Uriel Holmes
(F)
Resigned No image.svg Samuel B. Sherwood
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Nathaniel Terry
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Ebenezer Huntington
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
 ? 1818 –
November 16, 1818
Vacant
November 16, 1818 –
March 3, 1819
No image.svg Sylvester Gilbert
(DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
16 March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
No image.svg Gideon Tomlinson

(16th, 17th C: DR)
(18th C: Adams-Clay DR)
First elected in 1818 Samuel Augustus Foot.jpg Samuel A. Foot
(F)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg John Russ
(DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Elisha Phelps
(DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg James Stevens
(DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] HenryEdwards.jpg Henry W. Edwards
(DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
17 March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
Re-elected in 1820 No image.svg Ansel Sterling

(17th C: DR)
(18th C: Adams-Clay DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Daniel Burrows
(DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Noyes Barber

(17th C: DR)
(18th C: Adams-Clay DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Ebenezer Stoddard

(17th C: DR)
(18th C: Adams-Clay DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
18 March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Re-elected in 1822 [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Samuel Augustus Foot.jpg Samuel A. Foot
(Adams-Clay DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Lemuel Whitman
(Adams-Clay DR)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] Seat eliminated in 1823
19 March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
No image.svg Gideon Tomlinson
(Anti-J)
Re-elected in 1824
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg John Baldwin

(19th C: Anti-J)
(20th C: Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Ralph I. Ingersoll

(19th C: Anti-J)
(20th C: Adams)
(21st-22nd C: Anti-J)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Orange Merwin

(19th C: Anti-J)
(20th C: Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Noyes Barber

(19th C: Anti-J)
(20th C: Adams)
(21st-23rd C: Anti-J)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Elisha Phelps

(19th C: Anti-J)
(20th C: Adams)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
20 March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
No image.svg David Plant
(Adams)
First elected in 1826
Retired
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
21 March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
William Wolcott Ellsworth.jpeg William W. Ellsworth
(Anti-J)
First elected in 1828 Jabez Williams Huntington.jpg Jabez W. Huntington
(Anti-J)
Resigned to become judge of the Connecticut Supreme Court of Errors [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Ebenezer Young
(Anti-J)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg William L. Storrs
(Anti-J)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
22 March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Re-elected in 1830
23 March 4, 1833 –
May 9, 1834
Re-elected in 1833
Resigned
Samuel Augustus Foot.jpg Samuel A. Foot
(Anti-J)
Resigned to become Governor of Connecticut No image.svg Samuel Tweedy
(Anti-J)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
May 9, 1834 –
July 8, 1834
Vacant
July 8, 1834 –
August 16, 1834
Vacant
August 16, 1834 –
December 1, 1834
Vacant
December 1, 1834 –
March 3, 1835
No image.svg Joseph Trumbull
(Anti-J)
Elected to finish term in 1834
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
No image.svg Phineas Miner
(Anti-J)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!] No image.svg Ebenezer Jackson, Jr.
(Anti-J)
[Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
24 March 4, 1835 –
December 10, 1835
No image.svg Elisha Haley
(J)
First elected in 1835
Redistricted to the 4th district
No image.svg Samuel Ingham
(J)
Redistricted to the 2nd district No image.svg Andrew T. Judson
(J)
Resigned to become U.S. District Judge No image.svg Lancelot Phelps
(J)
Redistricted to the 5th district Isaac Toucey - Brady-Handy.jpg Isaac Toucey
(J)
Redistricted to the 1st district No image.svg Zalmon Wildman
(J)
Died
December 10, 1835 –
April 29, 1836
Vacant
April 29, 1836 –
July 4, 1836
No image.svg Thomas T. Whittlesey
(J)
Redistricted to the 3rd district
July 4, 1836 –
December 5, 1836
Vacant
December 5, 1836 –
March 3, 1837
No image.svg Orrin Holt
(J)
Redistricted to the 6th district

In 1837, Connecticut abandoned general tickets and adopted districts instead.

1903 – 1913: one seat[edit]

In 1903, one at-large seat was created, four district seats continued.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
No image.svg George L. Lilley Republican March 4, 1903 –
January 5, 1909
Resigned when elected Governor of Connecticut
Vacant January 5, 1909 –
March 4, 1909
John Q Tilson.jpg John Q. Tilson Republican March 4, 1909 –
January 5, 1913
Lost re-election
At-large seat eliminated

1933 – 1965: one seat[edit]

In 1933, one at-large seat was created, five district seats continued.

Representative Party Years Electoral history
No image.svg Charles M. Bakewell Republican March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
Lost re-election
No image.svg William M. Citron Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1939
Lost re-election
No image.svg B. J. Monkiewicz Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
Lost re-election
No image.svg Lucien J. Maciora Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
Lost re-election
No image.svg B. J. Monkiewicz Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Lost re-election
No image.svg Joseph F. Ryter Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Lost re-election
No image.svg Antoni N. Sadlak Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1959
Lost re-election
No image.svg Frank Kowalski Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1963
Retired to run for Governor of Connecticut
Bernard F. Grabowski.jpg Bernard F. Grabowski Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
Redistricted to the 6th district
At-large district eliminated

References[edit]