Connecticut Adjutant General

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Adjutant General of the State of Connecticut
Major General Thaddeus J. Martin

since May 1, 2005
Term length 4 years
Inaugural holder John Keyes, 1782

The Adjutant General of the State of Connecticut is the highest-ranking military officer in the Armed Forces of the State of Connecticut which includes the Connecticut National Guard, the four units of the Governor's Guards, the Connecticut State Guard, the Connecticut State Guard Reserve and the Connecticut Naval Militia. The current Adjutant General is Major General Thaddeus J. Martin. He was recently reappointed to another four-year term. His current term expires June 30, 2018.


The Governor of the State of Connecticut appoints the Adjutant General to a four-year term beginning on July 1 in the same year of the state's gubernatorial election. The Adjutant General is required to have a minimum of fifteen years of commissioned service in the Armed Forces of the United States and have obtained the rank of Lieutenant Colonel or Commander. The Adjutant General can have served in any branch of the United States military and there is no requirement that they must have served in the National Guard. The Adjutant General can not be appointed or continue to serve once they have reached the age of sixty-four.[1]


On May 11, 1637, the General Courts of the Connecticut Colony established a military arm of the government. This organization was the forerunner to the Connecticut Military Department in which its head is the Adjutant General.[2] The position of Adjutant General was first officially established within Connecticut Law in 1784. "And be it further enacted that there shall be from Time to Time appointed, as may be necessary, by Warrant one Adjutant General over the whole Militia of this State.' [3] Originally there was no requirement of prior military service. In 1796, the Connecticut Acts & Laws were further update in accordance with national law in which the duties of the Adjutant General were defined to be to distribute all orders from the Commander-in-Chief of the state to the several Corps and to attend all public reviews where the Commander-in-Chief of the state will review the militia.[4] In 1939, the Military Department was established in order to consolidate all armed forces of the state under the Adjutant General. This included the units of the Governor's Guards and Naval Militia as well as the National Guard.[5] The Connecticut Office of Civil Defense was established in 1959 and became a subordinate agency of the Connecticut Military Department under the authority of the Adjutant General to respond to natural disasters, civil disturbances and other events. The office was renamed in 1973 to the Office of Civil Preparedness and in 1979, both organizations became subordniate to the Department of Public Safety, the agency which also included the State Police.[6] The Adjutant General regained authority of the Office of Civil Preparedness in 1999, which was renamed the Office of Emergency Management in 1988.[7] This was short-lived as in 2004 the Adjutant General once again lost authority over he Office of Emergency Management which was merged into a new state agency, the Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security.[8] The Adjutant General still maintains responsibility for readying the National Guard to respond to domestic issues as required by the Governor, but works in coordination with the now Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection, which has primary responsibility for planning and responding to natural disasters and other domestic responses.

List of Adjutants General of the State of Connecticut[edit]

Term Name
1782 - 1791 John Keyes
1792 - 1822 Ebenezer Huntington
1823 - 1834 George Cowles
1835 - 1836 William Hayden
1837 - 1839 Samuel L. Pitkin
1840 - 1845 Charles T. Hillyer
1846 - 1847 James T. Pratt
1848 - 1851 George P. Shelton
1852 - 1853 Elihu W.N. Starr
1854 - 1855 John C. Hollister
1855 Justin Hodge
1855 - 1862 Joseph D. Williams
1863 - 1865 Horace J. Morse
1866 - 1867 Charles T. Stanton
1867 - 1868 Colin M. Ingersoll
1869 - 1870 Samuel E. Merwin, Jr.
1870 - 1871 Colin M. Ingersoll
1871 - 1872 Samuel E. Merwin, Jr.
1873 - 1876 William P. Trowbridge
1877 - 1878 William B. Franklyn
1879 - 1880 Edward Harland
1881 - 1882 George M. Harmon
1883 - 1884 Darius N. Couch
1885 - 1886 Stephen R. Smith
1887 - 1888 Frederick E. Camp
1889 - 1890 Lucius A. Barbour
1890 - 1892 Andrew H. Embler
1893 - 1894 Edward E. Bradley
1895 - 1896 Charles P. Graham
1899 - 1900 Louis N. VanKeuren
1901 - 1929 George M. Cole
1930 - 1939 William F. Ladd
1939 - 1947 Reginald B. DeLacour
1948 - 1962 Frederick G. Reincke
1963 - 1972 Donald E. Walsh
1972 - 1982 John F. Freund
1982 - 1985 John F. Gore
1985 - 1992 John T. Gereski
1992 - 1999 David W. Gay
1999 - 2005 William A. Cugno
2005–Present Thaddeus J. Martin


  1. ^ Connecticut General Statutes Section 27-19
  2. ^ Connecticut State Library, Military Department History
  3. ^ Connecticut Acts & Laws, 1784 pertaining to Militia
  4. ^ Connecticut Acts & Laws, 1796 pertaining to Militia
  5. ^ Chapter 345 of Connecticut Public Acts - 1939
  6. ^ Public Acts 59-333, 73-544 & 79-614
  7. ^ Public Act 99-190
  8. ^ Public Act 04-219

See also[edit]