Conrad L. Wirth
|Conrad L. Wirth|
December 1, 1899|
|Died||July 25, 1993
|Occupation||landscape architect, Director of the National Park Service|
Conrad Louis Wirth (December 1, 1899 – July 25, 1993) was an American landscape architect, conservationist and park service administrator. He served as the director of the National Park Service between 1951 and 1964.
Wirth was born in Hartford, Connecticut, where his father, Theodore, was park superintendent. Later, Theodore moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota, where he became superintendent of the Minneapolis Park System. Conrad earned a Bachelor of Science degree in landscape gardening from Massachusetts Agricultural College (now the University of Massachusetts Amherst). He first came to Washington, D.C., area to work for the National Capital Park and Planning Commission, and he joined the NPS in 1931. With the coming of the New Deal he supervised the service's Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) program in the state parks. His administrative ability made him a successor to Director Arthur E. Demaray, whom he served as associate director before advancing to the top job in December 1951. Wirth's crowning achievement was Mission 66, a 10-year, billion-dollar program to upgrade park facilities and services by the 50th anniversary of the NPS in 1966. Wirth submitted his resignation to President John Kennedy in the fall of 1963 and left the directorship in early 1964,after recommending George Hartzog as his successor.
He went on to supervise the Interior Department's CCC program. A member of the National Geographic Society's Board of Trustees, he was also active in conservation and park Service alumni affairs. He died in his sleep in 1993.
- Wirth, Conrad L. Parks, Politics, and the People. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.
- "National Park Service: Biography (Conrad L. Wirth)". NPS. Retrieved on June 14, 2010.
Arthur E. Demaray
|Director of the National Park Service
George B. Hartzog, Jr.