Conroe, Texas

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City of Conroe
City
Location in Montgomery County in the state of Texas
Location in Montgomery County in the state of Texas
Coordinates: 30°18′58″N 95°27′32″W / 30.31611°N 95.45889°W / 30.31611; -95.45889Coordinates: 30°18′58″N 95°27′32″W / 30.31611°N 95.45889°W / 30.31611; -95.45889
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Montgomery
Incorporated 1904
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Webb K. Melder
Marsha Porter
Toby Powell
Jim Gentry
Guy Martin
Gil Snider
 • City Manager Paul Virgadamo, Jr.
Area
 • Total 52.7 sq mi (136.4 km2)
 • Land 52.6 sq mi (136.2 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 205 ft (62.5 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 56,207
 • Density 1,066.2/sq mi (411.7/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 77300–77399
Area code(s) 936
FIPS code 48-16432[2]
GNIS feature ID 1333238[3]
Website www.cityofconroe.org

Conroe is the seat of Montgomery County and falls within Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. It is located about 40 miles (64 km) north of Houston.

As of July 2012, the city population was 61,533, up from 36,811 in 2000.[1][4]

History[edit]

The city is named after northern born, Union Cavalry officer and Houston lumberman Isaac Conroe.[5] Conroe founded a sawmill there in 1881.[5] The city originally gained in wealth due to the lumber and oil industries. Originally named "Conroe's Switch",[5] the area saw an influx of residents in the late 19th century due to the lumber demands on the piney wood forest of the area.[5]

During the 1930s, due to oil profits, the city boasted more millionaires per capita than any other US city, though only for a brief period of time.[5] Elvis Presley performed at the High School football field on August 24, 1955. Also Los Tigres del Norte performed at the Crighton Theatre in 2009.[5]

After the construction of Interstate 45, many Houstonians began to settle communities around Conroe.[5]

Within the first decade of the 21st century the city attracted a great deal of new residents from the Houston area. Renée C. Lee said that Conroe around 2002 was a "a sleepy, backwater town 40 miles north of Houston" and that at the time, Conroe city officials needed to use financial incentives to attract home developers to Conroe. Lee said that for a three-year period ending in 2007, Conroe became a hotbed of construction of new houses.[6]

In 2012 the U.S. Census Bureau designated the area around Conroe and The Woodlands as a "large urbanized transit area," an area defined as having over 200,000 residents, making it eligible to receive federal transportation funds.[7]

Geography[edit]

Conroe is located at 30°18′58″N 95°27′32″W / 30.31611°N 95.45889°W / 30.31611; -95.45889 (30.316124, -95.458801).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.9 square miles (98 km2), of which, 37.8 square miles (98 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.21%) is water.

It is about 40 miles (64 km) north of Houston.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,374
1920 1,858 35.2%
1930 2,457 32.2%
1940 4,624 88.2%
1950 7,298 57.8%
1960 9,192 26.0%
1970 11,969 30.2%
1980 18,034 50.7%
1990 27,610 53.1%
2000 36,811 33.3%
2010 56,207 52.7%
Est. 2012 61,533 9.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 56,207 people, 18,651 households, and 13,086 families residing in the city. The population density was 1066.2 people per square mile (411.7/km²). There were 22,215 housing units at an average density of 412.5 per square mile (162.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.7% White, 10.3% African American, 1.2% Native American, 1.8% Asian, less than 0.05% Pacific Islander, 13.7% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 38.5% of the population.

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 13,145 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.6% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. Of 13,145 households, 643 are unmarried partner households: 582 heterosexual, 32 same-sex male, and 29 same-sex female households. Of all households, 27.2% were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 13.4% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,123, and the median income for a family was $37,201. Males had a median income of $29,468 versus $23,025 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,841. About 15.0% of families and 19.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

In the early 1980s Exxon considered consolidating its employees to a site in Conroe. The company ended the plans after the local oil-based economy collapsed.[11]

According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[12] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Conroe Independent School District 5,915
2 Montgomery County 1,952
3 Conroe Regional Medical Center 1,200
4 National Oilwell Varco-Reed Hycalog 630
5 City of Conroe 482
6 National Oilwell Varco-Brandt 425
7 Tenaris 410
8 Wal-Mart 300
9 Professional Directional 277
10 Medivators 201

Parks and recreation[edit]

The city is about 7 miles southeast of popular Lake Conroe which is at the center of multiple, year round water and cultural events.[13]

The city is served by a number of parks, most notably, Candy Cane Park[14]

The Heritage Museum of Montgomery County is located in Candy Cane Park. [15]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Fund Financial Statements, the city’s various funds had $58.3 million in Revenues, $71.6 million in expenditures, $69.6 million in total assets, $7.6 million in total liabilities, and $57.5 million in investments.[16]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[17]

Department Director
City Manager Paul Virgadamo, Jr.
City Secretary Marla Porter
City Attorney Marcus Winberry
Finance Director Steve Williams
Police Chief Philip Dupuis
Fire chief Ken Kreger
Parks Director Mike Riggens
Public Works Director Scott Taylor
Human Resources Director Andre Houser

The city employs 128 police officers.[5][18]

Public libraries[edit]

The county operates the main branch of the Montgomery County Memorial Library System.

State government[edit]

Until the fall of 2013, Conroe was represented in the Texas Senate (District 4), by Republican Tommy Williams. Its member in District 16 of the Texas House of Representatives is Republican Brandon Creighton, who is running in a special election to fill the seat that Williams vacated in order to take a position in College Station at Texas A&M University.

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Conroe District Parole Office in Conroe.[19]

Federal government[edit]

At the Federal level, the two U.S. Senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz; Conroe is part of Texas' US Congressional 8th District, which is currently represented by Republican Kevin Brady.

The United States Postal Service Conroe Post Office is located at 809 West Dallas Street.[20]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

The city is served by the Lone Star College System primarily by the Lone Star College-Montgomery Campus and LSC University Center. Other campuses in the county include the EMCID Center in New Caney, and the Conroe Center.[21] The territory in Conroe ISD joined the community college district in 1991, and the territory in Willis ISD joined the district in 1996.[22]

Public school districts[edit]

Almost all areas of Conroe are within the Conroe Independent School District though a small northern section of Conroe is within the Willis Independent School District.

Conroe Independent School District[edit]

All of the schools listed here are in the city of Conroe. All of the Conroe ISD section of Conroe is zoned to Conroe High School.[23]

Public elementary and middle schools[edit]

The two junior high schools that serve the CISD portion are:

The three intermediate schools that serve the CISD portion are:

The elementary schools that serve the CISD portion are:

Willis Independent School District[edit]

The Willis ISD section is zoned to Turner Elementary School,[24] Brabham Middle School,[25] and Willis High School,[26] all of which are in unincorporated Montgomery County.

Private schools[edit]

Media[edit]

The Courier is a daily newspaper published in Conroe, Texas, covering Montgomery County. It is owned by ASP Westward LP.[27]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Interstate 45 directly connects the city with Houston to its south (40 miles) and with Dallas to its northwest (200 miles).

Lone Star Executive Airport provides general aviation services to Conroe.

Greyhound Bus Lines operate a small station.[28]

Texas Highway 105 connects the city of Cleveland to the east and town of Montgomery to the west.

Texas Loop 336 circles the city of Conroe.

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Conroe has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[34]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Conroe (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 02-08-2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Roden, Howard. Conroe 10th fastest-growing city over 50K, Conroe Courier, May 23, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/CC/hec3.html
  6. ^ Lee, Renée C. "Conroe housing market going through the roof." Houston Chronicle. April 29, 2007. Retrieved on January 15, 2010.
  7. ^ Lee, Renée C. "Growth transforms rural areas north of Houston to urban centers." Houston Chronicle. Saturday October 6, 2012. Retrieved on October 7, 2012.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Pilot Lands Small Plane On Conroe Street." Associated Press at KBTX. January 4, 2012. Retrieved on January 5, 2012.
  10. ^ U.S. Decennial Census
  11. ^ Dawson, Jennifer. "Exxon Mobil campus ‘clearly happening’." Houston Business Journal. Friday January 15, 2010. 2. Retrieved on January 16, 2010.
  12. ^ City of Conroe 2012 CAFR, page 122 Retrieved on May 1, 2013
  13. ^ "Cito of Conroe, Texas.". City Of Conroe, Texas. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Candy Cane Park, Conroe, Texas.". City Of Conroe, Texas. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Heritage Museum of Montgomery Co.". Heritage Museum of Montgomery County, Texas. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  16. ^ City of Conroe 2009 CAFR Retrieved 2010-11-09
  17. ^ City of Conroe 2012 CAFR, page 9 Retrieved May 1, 2013
  18. ^ Police department web site accessed 13 June 2014
  19. ^ "Parole Division Region I." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  20. ^ "Post Office Location - CONROE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 8, 2008.
  21. ^ "Lone Star College System Locations". Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  22. ^ "History." North Harris Montgomery Community College District. December 22, 2002. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
  23. ^ "Conroe High School". Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  24. ^ "A.R. Turner Elementary School". Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  25. ^ "Robert P. Brabham Middle School". Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  26. ^ "Willis High School". Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  27. ^ "The Courier". The Courier. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  28. ^ Greyhound Conroe
  29. ^ "28 Rock Cartwright, RB". CBSSports.com. Retrieved November 21, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Kevin Slowey Stats, Video Highlights, Photos, Bio". Retrieved 2012-12-10. 
  31. ^ "Brandon Allen Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 21, 2012. 
  32. ^ "Brian Barkley Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 21, 2012. 
  33. ^ "Andrew Cashner Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved November 21, 2012. 
  34. ^ Climate Summary for Conroe, Texas

External links[edit]