Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre
|Formerly||Empresa Mexicana de la Lucha Libre
Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL; Spanish pronunciation: [konˈsexo munˈdial de ˈlutʃa ˈlibɾe], "World Wrestling Council") is a Lucha Libre-style professional wrestling promotion based in Mexico City while running cards in Guadalajara, Puebla and elsewhere in central and southern Mexico. The promotion is also referred to by its previous name Empresa Mexicana de la Lucha Libre (EMLL) (Mexican Wrestling Enterprise). It is currently the world's oldest pro wrestling promotion still in existence after 80 years.
The promotion was founded by "The Father of Lucha Libre" Salvador Lutteroth Gonzales when he ran a card under the banner of EMLL on September 21, 1933. The promotion flourished and quickly became the premier spot for workers. If wrestlers were big in Mexico City, they were considered stars throughout Mexico. With stars like El Santo, Bobby Bonales, Tarzán Lopez, Cavernario Galindo and Gory Guerrero (father of Eddie Guerrero), "La Empresa" was at the forefront of the Lucha Libre movement and for the next 50 years, EMLL would continue its place as the leader. In the 1970s, Lutteroth left the company in the hands of his son Chavo, but the company weakened with Ray Mendoza along with a few promoters breaking off and forming the Universal Wrestling Association. UWA ran in Mexico City and in nearby Naucalpan against EMLL. UWA would be a tremendous force for 15 years but due to a weakening talent pool and affiliates, it died in the 1990s. EMLL joined the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) as its Mexican affiliate as NWA-EMLL. In time, it pulled out in the 1980s due to promoter disunity, and the NWA's losing battle to stave off the World Wrestling Federation's expansion and consolidation of the U.S. wrestling scene. At this time, it changed its name to Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre to make itself sound more international. At the start of the 1990s the company began appearing on Televisa. This led to a big boom in business due to national television exposure (before this, magazines were the sole medium of Lucha Libre). After the initial boom, long time booker Antonio Peña broke off and formed his own promotion, Asistencia Asesoría y Administración, taking many of the young talent with him. AAA took the lead for several years but when the Mexican economy declined in the mid-1990s, AAA scaled-back and CMLL started re-building with the famous El Hijo del Santo vs. Negro Casas feud where Santo shocked the world by turning heel when he dressed up like Negro Casas' brother Felino and attacked him. CMLL followed this up by pushing younger stars, leading to another boom period. On March 16, 2010, a video was posted on YouTube featuring an interview David Marquez had with NWA Executive Director and Legal Counsel Robert Trobich. Trobich announced that CMLL did not have permission to use the NWA trademark. The rights to usage of the NWA trademark in Mexico is now held by NWA Mexico, represented by Blue Demon, Jr. From 2007 to 2009, CMLL had a working relationship with American promotion Total Nonstop Action Wrestling, which saw CMLL's Averno, Rey Bucanero, Último Guerrero and Volador, Jr. winning the 2008 TNA World X Cup and TNA worker Alex Shelley winning the 2008 CMLL International Grand Prix. In 2008, CMLL established a working relationship with New Japan Pro Wrestling as part of "G-1 World", several wrestlers have since toured between the two companies winning titles, including Místico winning the IWGP Junior Heavyweight Championship and Jushin Liger winning the CMLL Universal Championship. In 2011, CMLL established a working relationship with Japanese women's promotion Universal Woman's Pro Wrestling Reina and announced that the two promotions would create a new championship for women who have been in the business for less than ten years, called the CMLL-Reina International Junior Championship.
Style and Television
Most CMLL events are held in the famous Arena Mexico in Mexico City, with the biggest weekly show being the Friday night Super Viernes ("Super Friday") show. Of all the major promotions in the world, CMLL is one of the most conservative. Matches with blood are not broadcast and, other than an annual cage match, specialty matches such as ladder matches are never used.
CMLL's main programming, hosted by Alfonso Morales, Leobardo Magadan and Miguel Linares, is broadcast regularly on Televisa in Mexico, on LATV in the United States, and formerly on Telelatino in Canada and The Wrestling Channel in the United Kingdom. CMLL also had a syndicated show called "Sin Limite de Tiempo" ("with no time limit") which shows matches from Arena Coliseo shows and matches they could not fit onto the regular broadcast. It aired in Los Angeles on KWHY. This show was followed up by "Guerreros del Ring" on Canal 52MX. Also, Spanish-language American sports channel Fox Sports en Español recently started broadcasting CMLL programming. Recently CMLL also added the Mexican network Cadena Tres to its list of networks airing CMLL Wrestling. Galavision began airing CMLL wrestling in the spring of 2011. Galavision shows only a one-hour version while LATV has shown a two-hour version. CMLL shows have been available in the United Kingdom via BT Vision's download service. As of July 29, 2010 54 episodes of CMLL wrestling is available to view. The first show featured was from CMLL's 75th Anniversary Show from 2008. In Germany you can follow CMLL through online video and Web-2.0 media platform Sevenload.
Each year CMLL promotes a number of signature events, some shown as pay-per-view events and others shown on regular television. Over the last couple of years CMLL have held three regular events each year and a number of one off, special events. The Major show, shown in order of when they happen during the year, include:
|Fantasticamania||January 14, 2014||Shows co-produced with New Japan Pro Wrestling, held in Japan.|
|La Hora Cero||Not since 2009||A pay-per-view held on January 11, 2009. No indications of it becoming an annual event|
|Homenaje a Dos Leyendas||March 21, 2014||Annual show since 2005, honors 2 "legends", one is always Salvador Lutteroth, CMLL's founder.|
|Infierno en el Ring||June 26, 2012||Infierno en el Ring is an annual "multi-person" Steel Cage elimination match, sometimes it gets its own show, in other years it's the main event of another Major Event.|
|CMLL Anniversary Show||September 13, 2013||The biggest show of CMLL's year, commemorates CMLL's debut in 1933. The longest running annual show in professional wrestling. Next anniversary show will be the 80th Anniversary.|
|Sin Piedad||December 14, 2012||CMLL's "End of year" show|
|Juicio Final||June 17, 2011||Held intermittently since 1990|
Championships and tournaments
- CMLL championships
|Championship||Current Champion(s)||Held since|
|CMLL World Heavyweight Championship||El Terrible||January 1, 2012|
|CMLL World Light Heavyweight Championship||Rey Escorpión||January 29, 2013|
|CMLL World Middleweight Championship||Dragón Rojo, Jr.||November 18, 2011|
|CMLL World Mini-Estrella Championship||Pequeño Olímpico||February 13, 2011|
|CMLL World Lightweight Championship||Virus||June 7, 2011|
|CMLL World Tag Team Championship||La Máscara and Rush||October 18, 2013|
|CMLL World Trios Championship||Los Guerreros Laguneros
(Euforia, Niebla Roja and Último Guerrero)
|March 28, 2014|
|CMLL World Welterweight Championship||Místico||February 16, 2014|
|CMLL World Women's Championship||Marcela||March 9, 2012|
|CMLL Arena Coliseo Tag Team Championship||Delta and Guerrero Maya, Jr.||November 3, 2013|
- Other championships used by CMLL
|Championship||Current Champion(s)||Held since|
|CMLL-Reina International Championship||Syuri||December 22, 2013|
|CMLL-Reina International Junior Championship||Zeuxis||June 4, 2013|
|Mexican National Trios Championship||La Peste Negra
(El Felino, Mr. Niebla and Negro Casas)
|February 18, 2014|
|Mexican National Welterweight Championship||Titán||December 1, 2013|
|Mexican National Light Heavyweight Championship||Mephisto||August 13, 2013|
|Mexican National Lightweight Championship||Eléctrico||August 13, 2013|
|Mexican National Women's Championship||Estrellita||November 27, 2012|
|NWA World Historic Light Heavyweight Championship||Diamante Azul||June 4, 2013|
|NWA World Historic Middleweight Championship||La Sombra||January 20, 2013|
|NWA World Historic Welterweight Championship||Volador Jr.||November 19, 2013|
|Reina World Tag Team Championship||Vacant||March 28, 2014|
- CMLL Guadalajara Championship
These titles controlled by the Guadalajara branch of CMLL.
|Championship||Current Champion(s)||Held since|
|Occidente Heavyweight Championship||Diamante Azul||February 2, 2014|
|Occidente Light Heavyweight Championship||Stuka, Jr.||March 16, 2014|
|Occidente Middleweight Championship||Fuego||October 27, 2013|
|Occidente Tag Team Championship||Sky Kid and Smaker||September 29, 2013|
|Occidente Trios Championship||Unknown||Unknown|
|Occidente Welterweight Championship||Metal Blanco||April 4, 2010|
- CMLL Japan championships
These title are now defunct and was only when CMLL toured Japan in 1999 and 2000.
|Championship||Last Recognized Champion(s)||Date created||End of Recognition|
|CMLL Japan Super Lightweight Championship||Ricky Marvin||February 27, 1999||August 6, 2000|
|CMLL Japan Tag Team Championship||Vacated||February 24, 1999||July 7, 1999|
|CMLL Japan Women's Championship||Vacated||October 17, 1999||February 13, 2000|
CMLL conducts several annual tournaments which usually signify a big push. Tournaments have been left out of the schedule for unexplained reasons. Some tournaments are conducted as torneo ciberneticos, a large multi-man tag team elimination match, others are normal single elimination tournament.
|Tournament||Last winner||Last held||Notes|
|Tanahashi||September 6, 2013||An elimination tournament consisting of all champions to determine the "Universal champion". Winner received a title belt but it is defended in the annual tournament.|
|Leyenda de Azul
|Diamante Azul||October 12, 2012||A tournament in honor of Blue Demon. It is secondary to the Leyenda de Plata tournament but features most of the top wrestlers in the promotion. It has been conducted as a normal torneo cibernético and as a one night tournament.|
|Leyenda de Plata
|Negro Casas||January 3, 2014||A tournament in honor of El Santo. This has been the most prestigious of the CMLL tournaments and the tournament is usually made up of the best in-ring workers.|
|Reyes del Aire
("King of the Air")
|La Sombra||February 15, 2013||This tournament is for high flyers. The tournament usually works as a cibernetico with mostly young and undercard tecnicos, with the idea of focusing more attention on the winner.|
|Pequeño Reyes del Aire
("Miniature King of the Air")
|Pequeño Black Warrior||October 30, 2012||Like the Reyes del Aire but for Mini-Estrellas|
|Torneo Gran Alternativa
("Great Alternative" Tournament)
|Bárbaro Cavernario and Mr. Niebla||February 14, 2014||An elimination tag team tournament where an established star teams with a young midcarder with the intent to give the younger wrestler more credibility.|
|Torneo Nacional de Parejas Increibles
("National Incredible Pairs" Tournament)
|Atlantis and Euforia||March 21, 2014||An elimination tag team tournament where arudo (bad guy) and a tecnico (good guy) are made to team up.|
|La Copa Junior
("The Junior Cup")
|Super Halcón, Jr.||January 1, 2014||This tournament features wrestlers who are at least second generation wrestlers, though worked family relations have been accepted as well.|
|Torneo Sangre Nueva
("New Blood Tournament")
|Soberano, Jr.||December 14, 2012||Tournament for the younger and lower ranked wrestlers in CMLL.|
|En Busca de un Ídolo
("In Search of an Idol")
|Vangelis||May 21, 2013 - July 19, 2013||An eight-man tournament with the purpose of identifying which of the "Rookies" in the tournament would move up the ranks of the promotion.|
|Torneo Increibles de Parejas, Arena Puebla||Atlantis and Volador, Jr.||April 1, 2013||An elimination tag team tournament where arudo (bad guy) and a tecnico (good guy) are made to team up.|
Past annual tournaments
These are all the tournament that have been held in the past by Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre but have not been promoted in the last two years.
|Tournament||Last winner||Last held||Notes|
|International Gran Prix||Alex Shelley||July 26, 2008||Previously an elimination tournament, now a tornero Cibernetico. Features a "Mexico vs. International" wrestlers theme with one side being native Mexicans and the other side of the Cibernetico being foreigners, in 2008 it featured several Total Nonstop Action Wrestling wrestlers.|
|Copa de Arena Mexico||Team Tall
(Black Warrior, Lizmark, Jr., and Rayo de Jalisco, Jr.)
|July 5, 2002||A one night tournament for trios teams. The winners earns a trophy; each team comes up with a name for their trio. The tournament was only held in 1999, 2001, and 2002. In 1999, the winners were Satánico, Rey Bucanero and Ultimo Guerrero as "Team Guerreros del Infierno". The 2001 winners were Black Warrior, Shocker, and Apolo Dantes as "Team Shocker".|
|Forjando un Ídolo||Ángel de Oro||May 27, 2011||An 16-man tournament with the purpose of identifying which of the "Rookies" in the tournament would move up the ranks of the promotion.|
- Madigan, Dan (2007). "A family affair". Mondo Lucha Libre: the bizare & honorable world of wild Mexican wrestling. HarperColins Publisher. pp. 128–132. ISBN 978-0-06-085583-3.
- Figure Four Online.com/Wrestling Observer.com news update for September 21, 2011
- Watch CMLL at Sevenload
- ""Sin Piedad"... en la México: Copa Jr. en disputa (14/Dic)" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. December 12, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
- Mexicool, Rey (January 1, 2012). "Imagen: El Terrible, nuevo Campeón Mundial Completo del CMLL" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Mexicool, Rey (January 29, 2013). "Rey Escorpión… ¡nuevo monarca mundial semicompleto del CMLL!" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- González, Fernando (2011-11-19). "Dragón Rojo Jr., nuevo Campeón peso Medio del CMLL". Récord (in Spanish). Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- Ruiz Glez, Alex (February 14, 2011). "Arena México (resultados 13 de febrero) Pequeño Olímpico nuevo campeón mundial mini del CMLL" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- "!Dr. X y Fuego encienden de nueva cuenta su rivalidad! Guerrero Maya y Virus !lucha recompensada con dinero! !El Hijo del Fantasma y el CMLL les cierra la boca!". Los Coliseinos (in Spanish). June 8, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- Salazar López, Alexis A. (October 19, 2013). "Resultados Arena México Viernees 18 de Octubre '13". Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- Reducindo, Miguel (March 29, 2014). "Resultados - Viernes 28 de Marzo '14". Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (in Spanish). Archived from the original on March 29, 2014. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
- Reducindo, Miguel (February 17, 2014). "Resultados - Domingo 16 de Febrero '14". Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (in Spanish). Archived from the original on February 17, 2014. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- Salazar López, Alexis A. (March 9, 2012). "Marcela de nueva cuenta Monarca Mundial Femenil del CMLL.". Estrellas del Ring (in Spanish). Retrieved March 11, 2012.
- Salazar López, Alexis A. (November 4, 2013). "Resultados Arena Coliseo Domingo 3 de Noviembre '13". Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (in Spanish). Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- "2013.12.22 Reina女子ﾌﾟﾛﾚｽ 新木場1stRing大会 観客178人 ". Reina Joshi Puroresu (in Japanese). Archived from the original on December 23, 2013. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- "Zeuxis, nueva Campeona CMLL-Reina". Medio Tiempo (in Spanish). June 5, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- Granados, Sandra (February 19, 2014). "¡ Nuevos Campeones Nacionales de Tríos ! La Peste Negra se corona en la México". Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (in Spanish). Archived from the original on February 19, 2014. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- "Titán recuperó el Campeonato Nacional Welter". MedioTiempo (in Spanish). December 2, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
- "Eléctrico, nuevo Campeón Nacional Ligero". Medio Tiempo (in Spanish). August 14, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
- Salazar López, Alexis A. (August 14, 2013). "Resultados Arena México Martes 13 de Agosto '13". Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 14, 2013. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
- "Estrellita es la nueva Campeona Nacional Femenil". MedioTiempo (in Spanish). November 28, 2012. Retrieved November 28, 2012.
- Salazar López, Alexis A. (June 5, 2013). "Resultados Arena México Martes 4 de Junio '13". Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (in Spanish). Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- "NJPW Presents CMLL Fantastica Mania 2013". New Japan Pro Wrestling (in Japanese). Retrieved January 20, 2013.
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- Salazar López, Alexis A. (September 7, 2013). "Resultados Arena México Viernes 6 de Septiembre '13". Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (in Spanish). Archived from the original on September 13, 2013. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
- "Promo: Torneo "La Leyenda Azul 2012"" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. April 14, 2012. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
- Salazar López, Alexis A. (January 4, 2014). "Resultados Arena México Viernes 3 de Enero '14". Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (in Spanish). Archived from the original on January 4, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- "Resultados Arena México Viernes 15 de Febrero '13". Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (in Spanish). February 15, 2013. Archived from the original on February 16, 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- "La Sombra, Rey del Aire 2013". Medio Tiempo (in Spanish). February 15, 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- "Resultados - Viernes 14 de Febrero '14". Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (in Spanish). February 15, 2014. Archived from the original on February 15, 2014. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
- "CMLL inicia el Torneo de la Gran Alternativa" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. March 21, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
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- "Soberano Jr gana el Torneo Sangre Nueva 2013" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. March 12, 2013. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
- "En Busca de un Idolo regresa en mayo" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. March 21, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- Portillo, David (April 2, 2013). "Campeones". Deportes (in Spanish). El Popular. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
- Miguel, Jose (July 25, 2008). "Gran Prix México – Resultados Rápidos – Alex Shelley de TNA, gana el Gran Prix 2008" (in Spanish). SuperLuchas Magazine. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre. "fase de eliminacion". Forjando un Idolo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved October 21, 2012.