Conservative Party (Norway)

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Conservative Party
Høyre
Leader Erna Solberg
Parliamentary leader Trond Helleland
Slogan "Nye ideer, bedre løsninger" (New ideas, better solutions)
Founded 25 August 1884
Headquarters Stortingsgaten 20
0161 Oslo
Youth wing Norwegian Young Conservatives
Membership ~100,000 (peak, 1980s)
28,000 (2011)[1]
Ideology Liberal conservatism[2][3][4]
Pro-Europeanism[5]
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation International Democrat Union
European affiliation European People's Party (associate)
Colours Blue
Parliament
48 / 169
County Councils[6]
210 / 728
Municipal / City Councils[7]
2,349 / 10,781
Sami Parliament[8]
2 / 39
Website
www.hoyre.no
Politics of Norway
Political parties
Elections

The Høyre (English: Conservative Party, H, literally "Right") is the largest centre-right political party in Norway and the leading party in the current coalition government. The current leader (since 2004) and Norway's Prime Minister (since 2013) is Erna Solberg.

Since the 1920s, the party has consistently been the second largest party in Norway.

In national elections in September 2013, voters ended eight years of Labour rule. A coalition of the Conservative Party and the Progress Party got into office based on promises of tax cuts, better services and stricter rules on immigration, with the support of the Liberal and Christian Democrat parties. After winning the elections, Solberg said her win was "a historic election victory for the right-wing parties".[9]

The party regards itself as an opponent of socialism, and advocates economic liberalism and reduction of taxes. It has historically been the most outspokenly pro-European Union party in Norway, supporting Norwegian membership during both the 1972 and 1994 referendums.[5] The party generally supports semi-privatization through state-funded private services and tougher law and order measures.[10]

Founded in 1884, the Conservative Party is the second oldest political party in Norway after the Liberal Party. In the interwar era, one of the main goals for the party was to achieve a centre-right alliance against the growing labour movement, when the party went into a decline. From 1950 to 2009, the party participated in six governments; two 1960s national governments (Lyng's Cabinet and Borten's Cabinet), one 1980s Conservative Party minority government (Willoch's First Cabinet), two 1980s three-party governments (Willoch's Second Cabinet and Syse's Cabinet), and finally the 2000s (decade) Bondevik's Second Cabinet.[10]

History[edit]

The Conservative Party of Norway (Høyre) was founded in 1884 after the implementation of parliamentarism in Norway as a reaction to the then left-leaning Liberal Party, the only political party at the time. Emil Stang was the first chairman. Ever since its creation, the party has been one of the larger political parties in Norway. For many years, it was the largest non-socialist party in Norway and has taken part in many governments, the last being the second Bondevik cabinet from 2001 until 2005.

It lost its position as the second largest political party in Norway with a historically bad election in 2005, receiving only 14.1 percent of the vote, and failed again to take back the distinction in 2009. It is currently the third largest party in the Norwegian Parliament, Stortinget, after the Labour Party and the Progress Party. During the local elections of 2011, however, the party gained 27.6 percent of the vote, and it has since then, without exceptions, polled first and second.

Høyre is currently in power in four of Norway's five largest cities: Oslo, Bergen, Stavanger and Kristiansand, also being the largest party in all of these four cities. Over half of the Norwegian population lives in a municipality governed by Høyre.

Ideology[edit]

Høyre is considered a reform party profess to the moderately conservative political tradition, adhering to the thoughts of Edmund Burke. The party is committed to fiscal free market policies, including tax cuts and relatively little government involvement in the economy. It does, however, support the continued existence of the Norwegian welfare state.

Høyre is also the only party in the Storting which proposes a reduction in public spending. The party is often associated with wealth and has historically been attacked by the left for defending the country's richest, though this argument is rarely presented any more.[citation needed] The Conservative Party's social policies are quite liberal: the party voted in 2008 for a law that recognised same-sex marriage and gay adoption rights.[11]

It is also in favour of Norwegian membership in the European Union, although stating that this is not a priority, nor realistic in the short term, as Norwegians have rejected membership in two referendums and opinion polls show that two-thirds of Norwegians oppose membership.

Membership[edit]

Coat of arms of Norway.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Norway
Constitution

The party has 28,000 registered members (2011). The Central Board of the Conservative Party meets seven times a year to discuss important matters such as budget, organisational work, plans, party platforms, drawing up political lines.

Parliamentary (Storting) elections 1906–2013[edit]

Date Votes Seats Position Size
#  % ± pp # ±
1906 88,323 32.8 % - 12.0
36 / 123
Decrease 26 Opposition 2nd
1909 175,388 41.5 % + 8.7
41 / 123
Increase 5 Opposition 1st
1912 162,074 33.2 % - 8.3
20 / 123
Decrease 21 Government 2nd
1915 179,028 29.0 % - 4.2
20 / 123
Steady 0 Opposition 3rd
1918 201,325 30.4 % + 1.4
40 / 126
Increase 20 Opposition 2nd
1921 301,372 33.3 % + 2.9
42 / 150
Increase 2 Opposition 1st
1924 316,846 32.5 % - 0.8
43 / 150
Increase 1 Opposition 1st
1927 240,091 24.0 % - 8.5
29 / 150
Decrease 14 Government 2nd
1930 327,731 27.4 % + 3.4
39 / 150
Increase 10 Opposition 2nd
1933 252,506 20.2 % - 7.2
30 / 150
Decrease 9 Opposition 2nd
1936 310,324 21.3 % + 1.1
36 / 150
Increase 6 Opposition 2nd
1945 252,608 17.0 % - 4.3
25 / 150
Decrease 11 Opposition 2nd
1949 279,790 15.9 % - 1.1
23 / 150
Decrease 2 Opposition 2nd
1953 327,971 18.4 % + 2.5
27 / 150
Increase 4 Opposition 2nd
1957 301,395 16.8 % - 1.6
29 / 150
Increase 2 Opposition 2nd
1961 354,369 19.3 % + 2.5
29 / 150
Steady 0 Opposition 2nd
1965 415,612 20.3 % + 1.0
31 / 150
Increase 2 Government 2nd
1969 406,209 18.8 % - 1.5
29 / 150
Decrease 2 Opposition 2nd
1973 370,370 17.2 % - 1.6
29 / 155
Steady 0 Opposition 2nd
1977 563,783 24.5 % + 7.3
41 / 155
Increase 12 Opposition 2nd
1981 780,372 31.7 % + 7.2
53 / 155
Increase 12 Government 2nd
1985 791,537 30.4 % - 1.3
50 / 157
Decrease 3 Government 2nd
1989 588,682 22.2 % - 8.2
37 / 165
Decrease 13 Government 2nd
1993 419,373 17.0 % - 5.2
28 / 165
Decrease 9 Opposition 2nd
1997 370,441 14.3 % - 2.7
23 / 165
Decrease 5 Opposition 3rd
2001 534,852 21.2 % + 6.9
38 / 165
Increase 15 Government 2nd
2005 372,008 14.1 % - 7.1
23 / 169
Decrease 15 Opposition 3rd
2009 462,465 17.2 % + 3.1
30 / 169
Increase 7 Opposition 3rd
2013 760,232 26.8 % + 9.6
48 / 169
Increase 18 Government 2nd

List of party chairmen and leaders[edit]

Erna Solberg, the party leader
Headquarters in Oslo

Employees[edit]

Associated organizations[edit]

The Conservative Party of Norway is an Associate member of the European People's Party (EPP) and full member of the International Democrat Union (IDU).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Libell, Henrik Pryser (28 August 2011). "7 prosent vekst for ungdomspartiene siden 22/7". MandagMorgen (in Norwegian). Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.hoyre.no/filestore/Filer/Programmer/20080514hyre-bokmal-web2.pdf
  3. ^ "Valgomaten: Riksdekkende 2007". Aftenposten. 2007. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  5. ^ a b Tvedt, Knut Are (31 October 2009). "Høyre". In Pettersen, Henrik. Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. 
  6. ^ "Valg 2011: Landsoversikt per parti" (in Norwegian). Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "Høgre". Valg 2011 (in Norwegian). Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 
  8. ^ http://www.valgresultat.no/bz5.html
  9. ^ "Norway election: Erna Solberg to form new government" BBC News Sept. 9, 2013
  10. ^ a b Helljesen, Vilje; Bakken, Laila Ø. "Høyre - skatter, skole og frihet". Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 4 August 2010. 
  11. ^ John Kaare Bjerkan: Historisk vedtak NRK, 11 June 2008
  12. ^ Marie Melgard; Solveig Ruud (2013-09-12). Aftenposten. p. 5. 
  13. ^ Sigbjørn Aanes og Hans Kristian Amundsen har en avgjørende rolle i partiledernes kamp om statsministerjobben.

External links[edit]