Conservative Party (Norway)
|Parliamentary leader||Trond Helleland|
|Slogan||"Nye ideer, bedre løsninger" (New ideas, better solutions)|
|Founded||25 August 1884|
|Youth wing||Norwegian Young Conservatives|
|Membership||~100,000 (peak, 1980s)
|International affiliation||International Democrat Union|
|European affiliation||European People's Party (associate)|
|Municipal / City Councils|
|Politics of Norway
The Høyre (English: Conservative Party, H, literally "Right") is the largest centre-right political party in Norway and the leading party in the current coalition government. The current leader (since 2004) and Norway's Prime Minister (since 2013) is Erna Solberg.
Since the 1920s, the party has consistently been the second largest party in Norway.
In national elections in September 2013, voters ended eight years of Labour rule. A coalition of the Conservative Party and the Progress Party got into office based on promises of tax cuts, better services and stricter rules on immigration, with the support of the Liberal and Christian Democrat parties. After winning the elections, Solberg said her win was "a historic election victory for the right-wing parties".
The party regards itself as an opponent of socialism, and advocates economic liberalism and reduction of taxes. It has historically been the most outspokenly pro-European Union party in Norway, supporting Norwegian membership during both the 1972 and 1994 referendums. The party generally supports semi-privatization through state-funded private services and tougher law and order measures.
Founded in 1884, the Conservative Party is the second oldest political party in Norway after the Liberal Party. In the interwar era, one of the main goals for the party was to achieve a centre-right alliance against the growing labour movement, when the party went into a decline. From 1950 to 2009, the party participated in six governments; two 1960s national governments (Lyng's Cabinet and Borten's Cabinet), one 1980s Conservative Party minority government (Willoch's First Cabinet), two 1980s three-party governments (Willoch's Second Cabinet and Syse's Cabinet), and finally the 2000s (decade) Bondevik's Second Cabinet.
The Conservative Party of Norway (Høyre) was founded in 1884 after the implementation of parliamentarism in Norway as a reaction to the then left-leaning Liberal Party, the only political party at the time. Emil Stang was the first chairman. Ever since its creation, the party has been one of the larger political parties in Norway. For many years, it was the largest non-socialist party in Norway and has taken part in many governments, the last being the second Bondevik cabinet from 2001 until 2005.
It lost its position as the second largest political party in Norway with a historically bad election in 2005, receiving only 14.1 percent of the vote, and failed again to take back the distinction in 2009. It is currently the third largest party in the Norwegian Parliament, Stortinget, after the Labour Party and the Progress Party. During the local elections of 2011, however, the party gained 27.6 percent of the vote, and it has since then, without exceptions, polled first and second.
Høyre is currently in power in four of Norway's five largest cities: Oslo, Bergen, Stavanger and Kristiansand, also being the largest party in all of these four cities. Over half of the Norwegian population lives in a municipality governed by Høyre.
Høyre is considered a reform party profess to the moderately conservative political tradition, adhering to the thoughts of Edmund Burke. The party is committed to fiscal free market policies, including tax cuts and relatively little government involvement in the economy. It does, however, support the continued existence of the Norwegian welfare state.
Høyre is also the only party in the Storting which proposes a reduction in public spending. The party is often associated with wealth and has historically been attacked by the left for defending the country's richest, though this argument is rarely presented any more. The Conservative Party's social policies are quite liberal: the party voted in 2008 for a law that recognised same-sex marriage and gay adoption rights.
It is also in favour of Norwegian membership in the European Union, although stating that this is not a priority, nor realistic in the short term, as Norwegians have rejected membership in two referendums and opinion polls show that two-thirds of Norwegians oppose membership.
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The party has 28,000 registered members (2011). The Central Board of the Conservative Party meets seven times a year to discuss important matters such as budget, organisational work, plans, party platforms, drawing up political lines.
Parliamentary (Storting) elections 1906–2013
|1906||88,323||32.8 %||- 12.0||26||Opposition||2nd|
|1909||175,388||41.5 %||+ 8.7||5||Opposition||1st|
|1912||162,074||33.2 %||- 8.3||21||Government||2nd|
|1915||179,028||29.0 %||- 4.2||0||Opposition||3rd|
|1918||201,325||30.4 %||+ 1.4||20||Opposition||2nd|
|1921||301,372||33.3 %||+ 2.9||2||Opposition||1st|
|1924||316,846||32.5 %||- 0.8||1||Opposition||1st|
|1927||240,091||24.0 %||- 8.5||14||Government||2nd|
|1930||327,731||27.4 %||+ 3.4||10||Opposition||2nd|
|1933||252,506||20.2 %||- 7.2||9||Opposition||2nd|
|1936||310,324||21.3 %||+ 1.1||6||Opposition||2nd|
|1945||252,608||17.0 %||- 4.3||11||Opposition||2nd|
|1949||279,790||15.9 %||- 1.1||2||Opposition||2nd|
|1953||327,971||18.4 %||+ 2.5||4||Opposition||2nd|
|1957||301,395||16.8 %||- 1.6||2||Opposition||2nd|
|1961||354,369||19.3 %||+ 2.5||0||Opposition||2nd|
|1965||415,612||20.3 %||+ 1.0||2||Government||2nd|
|1969||406,209||18.8 %||- 1.5||2||Opposition||2nd|
|1973||370,370||17.2 %||- 1.6||0||Opposition||2nd|
|1977||563,783||24.5 %||+ 7.3||12||Opposition||2nd|
|1981||780,372||31.7 %||+ 7.2||12||Government||2nd|
|1985||791,537||30.4 %||- 1.3||3||Government||2nd|
|1989||588,682||22.2 %||- 8.2||13||Government||2nd|
|1993||419,373||17.0 %||- 5.2||9||Opposition||2nd|
|1997||370,441||14.3 %||- 2.7||5||Opposition||3rd|
|2001||534,852||21.2 %||+ 6.9||15||Government||2nd|
|2005||372,008||14.1 %||- 7.1||15||Opposition||3rd|
|2009||462,465||17.2 %||+ 3.1||7||Opposition||3rd|
|2013||760,232||26.8 %||+ 9.6||18||Government||2nd|
List of party chairmen and leaders
- Emil Stang, 1884–1889
- Christian Homann Schweigaard, 1889–1891
- Emil Stang, 1891–1893
- Christian Homann Schweigaard, 1893–1896
- Emil Stang, 1896–1899
- Francis Hagerup, 1899–1902
- Ole Larsen Skattebøl, 1902–1905
- Edm. Harbitz, 1905–1907
- Fredrik Stang, 1907–1911
- Jens Bratlie, 1911–1919
- Otto Bahr Halvorsen, 1919–1923
- Ivar Lykke, 1923–1926
- Carl Joachim Hambro, 1926–1934
- Johan H. Andresen, 1934–1937
- Ole Ludvig Bærøe, 1937–1940
- Arthur Nordlie, 1945–1950
- Carl Joachim Hambro, 1950–1954
- Alv Kjøs, 1954–1962
- Sjur Lindebrække, 1962–1970
- Kåre Willoch, 1970–1974
- Erling Norvik, 1974–1980
- Jo Benkow, 1980–1984
- Erling Norvik, 1984–1986
- Rolf Presthus, 1986–1988
- Kaci Kullmann Five, 1988
- Jan P. Syse, 1988–1991
- Kaci Kullmann Five, 1991–1994
- Jan Petersen, 1994–2004
- Erna Solberg, 2004-
- Libell, Henrik Pryser (28 August 2011). "7 prosent vekst for ungdomspartiene siden 22/7". MandagMorgen (in Norwegian). Retrieved 26 September 2011.
- "Valgomaten: Riksdekkende 2007". Aftenposten. 2007. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
- Tvedt, Knut Are (31 October 2009). "Høyre". In Pettersen, Henrik. Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget.
- "Valg 2011: Landsoversikt per parti" (in Norwegian). Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- "Høgre". Valg 2011 (in Norwegian). Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- "Norway election: Erna Solberg to form new government" BBC News Sept. 9, 2013
- Helljesen, Vilje; Bakken, Laila Ø. "Høyre - skatter, skole og frihet". Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
- John Kaare Bjerkan: Historisk vedtak NRK, 11 June 2008
- Marie Melgard; Solveig Ruud (2013-09-12). Aftenposten. p. 5.
- Sigbjørn Aanes og Hans Kristian Amundsen har en avgjørende rolle i partiledernes kamp om statsministerjobben.
- (Norwegian) Høyre - Official site
- (English) Conservative Party (Høyre) - Information in English
- (Norwegian) Unge Høyre - Official site of the Young Conservatives
- (Norwegian) Høyres Studenterforbund - Site of the Conservative Students' Union
- Election results for the Conservative Party in the 2011 local elections