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Conservative liberalism is a variant of liberalism, combining liberal values and policies with conservative stances, or, more simply, representing the right-wing of the liberal movement.
Conservative liberalism is a more positive and less radical variant of classical liberalism. Conservative liberal parties combine liberal policies with more traditional stances on social and ethical issues.
The roots of conservative liberalism are to be found at the beginning of the history of liberalism. Until the two world wars, in most European countries the political class was formed by conservative liberals, from Germany to Italy. The events such as World War I occurring after 1917 brought the more radical version of classical liberalism to a more conservative (i.e. more moderate) type of liberalism. Conservative liberal parties have tended to develop in those European countries where there was no strong secular conservative party and where the separation of church and state was less of an issue. In those countries, where the conservative parties were Christian-democratic, this conservative brand of liberalism developed.
In the European context conservative liberalism should not be confused with liberal conservatism, which is a variant of conservatism combining conservatives views with liberal policies in regards to the economy, social, and ethical issues.
Conservative-liberal parties worldwide
Current conservative-liberal parties
- Andorra: Liberal Party of Andorra
- Belgium: Libertarian, Direct, Democratic, People's Party
- Bulgaria: National Movement for Stability and Progress
- Colombia: Radical Change Party
- Croatia: Croatian Social Liberal Party
- Denmark: Venstre, Liberal Party of Denmark
- Faroe Islands: Union Party
- Greenland: Feeling of Community
- India: Lok Satta Party
- Japan: Your Party
- Moldova: Liberal Party, Liberal Reformist Party
- Netherlands: People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
- Thailand: Democrat Party
Parties with conservative-liberal factions
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- Argentina: Republican Proposal
- Australia: Liberal Party, Liberal National Party of Queensland, Country Liberal Party
- Belarus: United Civic Party
- Belgium: Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats, Reformist Movement
- Bolivia: Social Democrat Movement
- Brazil: Democrats
- Canada: British Columbia Liberal Party, Saskatchewan Party, Coalition Avenir Québec
- Chile: National Renewal
- Colombia: Social Party of National Unity
- Czech Republic: Civic Democratic Party, Public Affairs, TOP 09
- Egypt: New Wafd Party
- Finland: National Coalition Party, Centre Party, Swedish People's Party of Finland
- France: Union for a Popular Movement, namely The Reformers and The Free Right
- Germany: Alternative for Germany, Free Democratic Party
- Ghana: New Patriotic Party
- Greece: New Democracy
- Guatemala: Patriotic Party, Reform Movement
- Honduras: Liberal Party of Honduras
- Iceland: Progressive Party, Dawn
- Ireland: Fianna Fáil
- Italy: Forza Italia, Future and Freedom, Italian Liberal Party, Civic Choice
- Latvia: Reform Party, Unity
- Lebanon: National Liberal Party
- Lithuania: Liberal and Centre Union, Liberal Movement
- Luxembourg: Democratic Party
- Maldives: Maldivian Democratic Party
- Moldova: Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova
- Mongolia: Democratic Party
- Morocco: Constitutional Union, National Rally of Independents
- Netherlands: Party for Freedom, Proud of the Netherlands
- New Zealand: National Party
- Northern Cyprus: National Unity Party
- Norway: Conservative Party, Progress Party
- Poland: Civic Platform
- Portugal: Social Democratic Party
- Romania: Democratic Liberal Party, National Liberal Party
- Russia: Right Cause
- Serbia: United Regions of Serbia
- Slovakia: Most–Híd, Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party
- Slovenia: Slovenian Democratic Party
- Spain: People's Party, Democratic Convergence of Catalonia, Basque National Party
- Switzerland: FDP.The Liberals
- United Kingdom: Conservative Party
- United States: Republican Party, Democratic Party
- Uruguay: Colorado Party
Historical conservative-liberal parties or parties with conservative-liberal factions
- Argentina: Recreate for Growth
- Austria: Federation of Independents, Freedom Party
- Belarus: Belarusian Peasant Party
- Belgium: Liberal Appeal
- Bolivia: Popular Consensus
- Brazil: National Democratic Union
- Canada: Progressive Conservative Party, Action démocratique du Québec
- Chile: Liberal Party (1849–1966), National Party
- Czech Republic: Civic Democratic Alliance, Freedom Union – Democratic Union
- Egypt: Wafd Party
- France: Democratic Republican Alliance, Union for the New Republic/Union of Democrats for the Republic/Rally for the Republic, National Centre of Independents and Peasants, Independent Republicans/Republican Party/Liberal Democracy, Union for French Democracy
- Germany: National Liberal Party, German People's Party
- Greece: Party of New Liberals, Democratic Alliance
- Iceland: Liberal Party
- Ireland: Progressive Democrats
- Italy: Italian Liberal Party, Forza Italia, Liberal Party, Italian Liberal Right, The People of Freedom
- Latvia: Latvian Way, Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way
- Lithuania: National Resurrection Party
- Netherlands: Liberal State Party, Freedom Party
- Northern Cyprus: Freedom and Reform Party
- Poland: Liberal Democratic Congress, Freedom Union, Poland Comes First, League of the Right of the Republic
- Romania: Liberal Democratic Party
- Russia: Democratic Choice of Russia, Union of Rightist Forces
- Serbia: G17 Plus
- Slovenia: National Progressive Party
- Spain: Union of the Democratic Centre, Liberal Party
- Switzerland: Free Democratic Party, Liberal Party
- United Kingdom: Liberal Party
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