Consolacion, Cebu

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"Consolacion" redirects here. For the hamlet in Spain, see Consolación.
Map of Cebu with Consolacion highlighted
Map of Cebu with Consolacion highlighted
Consolacion is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°30′N 123°57′E / 10.500°N 123.950°E / 10.500; 123.950Coordinates: 10°30′N 123°57′E / 10.500°N 123.950°E / 10.500; 123.950
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
District 4th District of Cebu
Barangay 21 (see § Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Teresa Alegado (LP)
 • Vice Mayor Aurelio Damole
 • Council
 • Total 37.03 km2 (14.30 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 106,649
 • Density 2,900/km2 (7,500/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6001
IDD:area code +63 (0)32
Income class 1st class; partly urban
PSGC 072219000

Consolacion is a first income class[3] municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. It is about 12.5 kilometres (7.8 mi) from Cebu City, within Metro Cebu, and stretches some 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from north to south and is 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) at its widest. Consolacion is bounded on the north by Liloan, Cebu, on the south by the city of Mandaue, on the east by the Mactan Channel and on the west by Compostela and the city of Cebu.


70% of the total area of the town is above or highland mountains and 18% foreshore land. The contours are irregular and the highest point is about 500 metres (1,600 ft) above sea level.


Consolacion comprises 21 barangays distributed over its 37 square kilometres (14 sq mi):[3]

  • Cabangahan
  • Cansaga
  • Casili
  • Danglag
  • Garing
  • Jugan
  • Lamac
  • Lanipga
  • Nangka
  • Panas
  • Panoypoy
  • Pitogo
  • Poblacion Occidental
  • Poblacion Oriental
  • Polog
  • Pulpogan
  • Sacsac
  • Tayud
  • Tilhaong
  • Tolotolo
  • Tugbongan


Consolacion was a component barangay first founded in 1871 with a population of 14,248. Before this, it was only a barrio of the municipality of Mandaue. Consolacion became a separate town in 1871. However, in 1902 and 1903, unable to maintain its status as an independent municipality, it reverted to Mandaue.

In 1920, Consolacion was again made an independent municipality after a petition was accepted by the governor. So grateful were the townspeople to the Spanish governor that they named their new town after his daughter – Consolacion – and they also chose San Narciso as their patron saint, the namesake of the governor’s wife, Narcisa.

A year after the construction of the Casa Real or municipal hall, the people built their first church. Because it was made of wood, nipa, and bamboo, it was totally destroyed by a typhoon in 1888. A second one was also destroyed by a typhoon in 1892. A third one was built just before World War II, on its current site.

The present municipal hall is already the third one. The first was destroyed by the typhoon of 1892. The second one was also destroyed, by the Japanese during World War II. Today, Consolacion is a robust residential urban municipality with a vigorous economy, providing a place to live for people employed in the neighbouring cities of Mandaue, Lapu-Lapu and Cebu.


The population of Consolacion is fast-growing with an intercensal growth rate of 50.45% from 1980 to 1990, repeated and more in subsequent decades.

Population census of Consolacion
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 41,270 —    
1995 49,205 +3.35%
2000 62,298 +5.19%
2007 87,544 +4.80%
2010 106,649 +7.45%
Source: National Statistics Office<[2][4]
1980 27,431   —
1990 41,270 +50.45%
2000 62,298 +50.95%
2010 106,649 +71.19%

The demographic distribution profile of Consolacion shows densely populated lowland barangays and sparsely populated upland barangays within the commercial area along the existing national highway.


Consolacion's recent economic trend is towards the development of operation of housing/subdivision facilities even with the presence of several medium size manufacturing industries. Consolacion is predicted to become a residential urban municipality in the next 5–10 years.

Shopping centers[edit]

Infrastructure and utilities[edit]

  • Road Network:
    • National Road: 1.5 km (0.9 mi)
    • Provincial Road: 2.5 km (1.6 mi)
    • Municipal Road : 2.03 km (1.26 mi)
    • Barangay Road : 43.66 km (27.13 mi)
  • Ports (Domestic/International):
  • Airport: none
  • Malls: 2
  • Public Market: 1
  • Multi-purpose Building: 1
  • Recreation Courts/Centers : 22


The main transportation used to get into the town is the jeepney. The most popular transportation getting around the town is by motorcycle, locally called "habal-habal".


No. of Post Office: 1 No. of Telephone Stations: 1 No. of Telegraphic Stations: 1 No. of Maldito: 1200


Source of electricity: VECO No. of barangays served: 18 Households served: 80%


Source of water: MCWD


  • Elementary schools: 16
  • High schools: 10
  • Vocational: 1
  • College: 1
  • Public library: —

Sarok Festival[edit]

The Sarok Festival is celebrated on Consolacion's foundation day. Sarok is a hat made of bamboo strips and dried banana leaves. Sarok Festival a mardigras of colors and street dancing along the main road of Consolacion is celebrated every 14 February in commemoration of Consolacion founding anniversary. The main attraction of this festival is the colorful Sarok and its wide uses.

History: To protect farmers and the folks from the sun and the rain, the sarok, a conical hat made from bamboo strips and dried banana leaves, becomes the needed fad for the people of Consolacion especially that the town is an agricultural land. The festival was traditionally celebrated every 14 February to coincide with its charter day celebrations. However, the Sarok Festival evolved into a free interpretation dance, with the musical concept inspired from the Miligoy de Cebu, a published Filipino folk dance originating from the same place. The festival is now celebrated in October, but this date is still not consistently abided with.

Contribution to Cultural Heritage

Consolacion is one of the contributor in Cultural History. It had created a dance called "Miligoy de Cebu". This dance is usually performed by a pair of dancers during social gatherings like baptism, weddings, and special programs in the poblacion. Costume: Girl wears Maria Clara style costume. Boy wears Barong Tagalog with black pants. Music: It is composed of two parts: A and B. Count: One, two, three to a measure. Formation: Partners stand opposite each other about 6 feet apart. Girl is at the right side of Boy when facing audience. Any number of pair may perform the dance. Dancers hold a pair of bamboo castanets in each hand."


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007". National Statistics Office. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 

External links[edit]