Consolidated Freightways

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Consolidated Freightways
Former type Public Company
Industry Transportation, distribution
Fate Bankrupted
Successors Con-Way
Founded Portland, Oregon (1929)
as Consolidated Truck Lines
Defunct September 2002 (2002-09)
Key people Leland James (Founder)
Products LTL (less Than Load) Shipping

Consolidated Freightways (CF), founded on April 1, 1929, in Portland, Oregon, by Leland James as Consolidated Truck Lines, was a transportation company. The name was later changed in 1939 to Consolidated Freightways Inc.. At one time, CF was the nation's No.1 long-haul trucking company, and 3rd largest upon filing for bankruptcy.

History[edit]

In 1939 CF Inc. started its own truck manufacturing operation, Freightliner. On July 31, 1981, it sold its truck manufacturing business and the Freightliner brand to Daimler-Benz AG now part of Daimler AG.[1] In 1981, CF won in a case before the U.S. Supreme Court, Kassel v. Consolidated Freightways Corp.. The court found that Iowa's length restriction on tractor-trailers violated the Dormant Commerce Clause.

In 1983, CF Inc. ventured into regional trucking with its spin off Con-Way carriers.[2] Whereas Consolidated Freightways' drivers and dockworkers were unionized, the new Conways (Con-way Central Express (CCX), Con-way Western Express (CWX), Con-way Eastern Express (CEX), etc)[3] were nonunion, creating tense relations with CF's Teamsters.

On April 3, 1989, CF Inc. purchased Emery Air Freight Corp. merging it with their own CF AirFreight operation and renamed it Emery Worldwide. This, along with Menlo Forwarding, was later sold to UPS.[4]

In 1996, Consolidated Freightways, Inc. spun off its unionized long-haul trucking company, CF MotorFreight, creating two separate publicly traded companies. Parent company, Consolidated Freightways, Inc. was renamed CNF Transportation Inc., reflecting the familiar stock ticker symbol of the company (CNF). CNF retained the Con-Way regional truck companies, Emery Worldwide and a growing logistical systems department.[5]

Consolidated Freightways Corporation filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on September 3, 2002 and ceased operations.[6][7]

April 18, 2006, CNF Transportation re-branded itself under its Con-Way image and continues in business today.[8]

A defaced Consolidated Freightways trailer.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kenneth D. Durr, Philip L. Cantelon (1999). Never Stand Still - a History of CNF Transportation Inc. Rockville, Maryland: Montrose Press. p. 562. LOC 99-74784. 
  2. ^ Kenneth D. Durr, Philip L. Cantelon (1999). Never Stand Still - a History of CNF Transportation Inc. Rockville, Maryland: Montrose Press. p. 562. LOC 99-74784. 
  3. ^ "Con-Way History". Con-way.com. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  4. ^ Kenneth D. Durr, Philip L. Cantelon (1999). Never Stand Still - a History of CNF Transportation Inc. Rockville, Maryland: Montrose Press. p. 562. LOC 99-74784. 
  5. ^ Kenneth D. Durr, Philip L. Cantelon (1999). Never Stand Still - a History of CNF Transportation Inc. Rockville, Maryland: Montrose Press. p. 562. LOC 99-74784. 
  6. ^ "CFC Trust". Archived from the original on 2010-11-20. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  7. ^ New York Times (3 September 2002). "Consolidated Freightways Nears Collapse". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  8. ^ Con-Way. "History". Retrieved 11 November 2012. 

External links[edit]