Conspiracy, and Protection of Property Act 1875
The Conspiracy and Protection of Property Act 1875 (38 & 39 Vict. c.86) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom relating to labour relations, which together with the Employers and Workmen Act 1875, fully decriminalised the work of trade unions. Based on an extension of the conclusions of the Cockburn Commission, it was introduced by a Conservative government under Benjamin Disraeli.
The Act held that a trade union could not be prosecuted for act which would be legal if conducted by an individual. This meant that labour disputes were civil matters, not for consideration by criminal courts. One result of this was that picketing was decriminalised. The law also made certain forms of stalking illegal.
The Act has been repealed by the Statute Law (Repeals) Act 2008 (c.12), Schedule 1, Part 3.
- Review of Governments, Labour, and the law in mid-Victorian Britain: the trade union legislation of the 1870s, Mark Curthoys
- Conspiracy & Protection of Property Act, Spartacus Education
- Timeline:1850-1880, TUC history online, Professor Mary Davis, Centre for Trade Union Studies, London Metropolitan University
- Excerpt from the Conspiracy, and Protection of Property Act, 1875, Unfair Discrimination in the Scottish State Education System
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