Constantine III, King of Armenia

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Constantin III of Armenia on his throne with the Hospitallers. "Les chevaliers de Saint-Jean-de-Jerusalem rétablissant la religion en Arménie" ("The knights of Saint-John of Jerusalem reestablish the religion in Armenia"), 1844 painting by Henri Delaborde.

Constantine III (also Constantine V; Armenian: Կոստանդին, Western Armenian transliteration: Gosdantin or Kostantine; April 17, 1313 – December 21, 1362) was the King of Armenian Cilicia from 1344 to 1362. He was the son of Baldwin, Lord of Neghir, a nephew of Hethum I of Armenia, and a distant cousin of Constantine II.

When Constantine II was killed in an uprising in 1344, Constantine III succeeded him. He attempted to wipe out all rival claimants to the throne; he gave orders to kill Constantine II's nephews, Bemon and Leo, but before the murder could be carried out they escaped to Cyprus. During his rule, Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was reduced by Mamluk raids and conquests. They conquered Ajazzo in 1347, Tarsus and Adana in 1359.

Constantine was the first husband of Maria, daughter of Oshin of Corycos and Jeanne of Anjou. He was predeceased by his two sons. Upon his death from natural causes he was succeeded by his cousin Constantine IV.

References[edit]

  • Boase, T. S. R. (1978). The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press. ISBN 0-7073-0145-9. 
  • Rüdt-Collenberg, W. H. (1963). The Rupenides, Hethumides and Lusignans: the Structure of the Armeno-Cilician Dynasties. Paris: Imprimerie A. Pignie. 
Constantine III, King of Armenia
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gosdantin II
King of Armenia
1344–1362
Succeeded by
Gosdantin IV