Constantine (film)

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Constantine
Constantine poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Francis Lawrence
Produced by Lorenzo di Bonaventura
Akiva Goldsman
Benjamin Melniker
Lauren Shuler Donner
Erwin Stoff
Michael E. Uslan
Screenplay by Kevin Brodbin
Frank A. Cappello
Story by Kevin Brodbin
Based on John Constantine 
by Alan Moore
Stephen R. Bissette
John Totleben
Starring Keanu Reeves
Rachel Weisz
Shia LaBeouf
Tilda Swinton
Pruitt Taylor Vince
Djimon Hounsou
Gavin Rossdale
Peter Stormare
Music by Klaus Badelt
Brian Tyler
Cinematography Philippe Rousselot
Edited by Wayne Wahrman
Production
  company
Village Roadshow Pictures
The Donners' Company
Weed Road Pictures
Batfilm Productions
3 Arts Entertainment
Distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures Roadshow Entertainment (Australia and New Zealand)
Release date(s)
  • February 18, 2005 (2005-02-18) (United States)
  • February 8, 2005 (2005-02-08) (Hong Kong)
Running time 121 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $100 million[1]
Box office $230,884,728[1]

Constantine is a 2005 American supernatural action-thriller film directed by Francis Lawrence as his feature film directorial debut, starring Keanu Reeves as John Constantine, with Rachel Weisz, Shia LaBeouf, Tilda Swinton, and Djimon Hounsou. With a screenplay by Kevin Brodbin and Frank Cappello, the film is based on Vertigo Comics' Hellblazer comic book, with plot elements taken from the "Dangerous Habits" story arc (issues #41-46) and the "Original Sins" trade paperback. The character of John Constantine was introduced by comic book writer/creator Alan Moore while writing the Swamp Thing, first appearing there in June 1985.[2]

In 1988, the character of John Constantine was given his own comic book title, Hellblazer, published by DC Comics under its Vertigo Comics imprint. The “Dangerous Habits” story arc of Hellblazer was written by Garth Ennis in 1991, from which the film is partly based.[3] The film, which was met by film critics with mixed reactions, portrays John Constantine as a cynic with the ability to perceive and communicate with half-angels and half-demons in their true form. He seeks salvation from eternal damnation in Hell for a suicide attempt in his youth. Constantine exorcises demons back to Hell in a bid to earn favor with Heaven but has become weary over time. With death looming, he helps a troubled police detective learn the truth about her sister's death while simultaneously unraveling a much larger and darker plot.

Constantine was released in the United States and Canada on February 18, 2005 and in Hong Kong on February 8, 2005. Box Office Mojo reports Constantine earned nearly $30 million at the North American box office on its opening weekend, making it the second highest earning movie for that weekend. It eventually earned $75,976,178 at the North American box office and a total of $230,884,728 around the world.

Plot[edit]

God and Lucifer are engaged in a war for the souls of humanity; a standing wager for the souls of all mankind. Angels and demons are forbidden to manifest on Earth, but they are allowed to possess and influence humans, and half-breeds are used to peddle influence. Exorcist John Constantine was born with the power to see angels and demons. At age 15, he committed suicide to escape his visions, but was revived after spending two minutes in Hell, and his soul is bound for hell when he dies for the sin of taking his own life.

John exorcises a girl possessed by a soldier demon trying to break through her to Earth, something that should not be possible. John seeks an audience with the androgynous half-breed angel Gabriel. He asks Gabriel for a reprieve from his impending death from lung cancer, but Gabriel declines, telling John that his motives for exorcising demons are selfish and will not earn him entry into Heaven. After he leaves, John repels an attack by a full demon out in the open. This encounter prompts him to meet with former witch doctor Papa Midnite. While there John also encounters half-breed demon Balthazar, who informs him that all of Hell is waiting for him to die and that he is the one soul Lucifer would come to collect himself. Midnite refuses to become involved, wanting to retain the balance between Heaven and Hell. John begins investigating the situation with his associates Beeman, Hennessy, and Chas Kramer. Detective Angela Dodson shows up at Constantine's apartment to ask for his help investigating her twin sister Isabel's death. Isabel leapt to her death from the top of a mental hospital, and despite camera footage showing it Angela is convinced that Isabel would never commit suicide. At first Constantine mocks her and denies her request for help, but after demons chase after Angela on the street outside, Constantine agrees to help.

Later, John wants to see if Isabel is truly in Hell, he then takes a hold of Angela's cat as a means of teleportation and briefly transports himself into the depths of hell where he finds Isabel. Hennessy's and Beeman's research leads them to conclude that Lucifer's son, Mammon, is plotting to break through to Earth and claim it as his own kingdom. To do so, Mammon requires a powerful psychic and assistance from God. Balthazar kills Hennessy and Beeman, and Angela reveals that she and her sister possessed the same gift as John. Angela rejected her visions and they eventually stopped, but Isabel embraced them and was institutionalized for it. John reawakens Angela's psychic ability through a near death experience, then hunts down and interrogates Balthazar who reveals that Mammon has obtained the Spear of Destiny, which is stained with the blood of Jesus Christ. After John and Angela leave, Balthazar is destroyed by an unseen force. Angela, now possessing the psychic abilities Mammon requires, is abducted by an unseen force and brought to Isabel's hospital. John convinces Midnite that the balance is no longer in force, and asks to use "The Chair", an old electric chair. The Chair shows John a vision of how the spear was discovered in Mexico and has been brought to Los Angeles. John and Chas head to the hospital and interrupt the ritual, but Chas is beaten to death by an unseen force in the process.

Using incantations and sigils tattooed on his arms, John forces the unseen force to be revealed as Gabriel. Gabriel subdues Constantine and details the plan to release Mammon was theirs. Gabriel laments God’s favoritism towards humans and believes that bringing Hell to Earth will enable those who survive to become truly worthy of God’s love through repentance and faith. Gabriel then throws John from the room. As Gabriel moves to stab Angela with the Spear and release Mammon, John slits his wrists and dies. Time stops as Lucifer arrives to personally collect his soul. John tells Lucifer about Mammon’s plan to usurp him and Lucifer sends Mammon back to Hell. When Gabriel attempts to smite Lucifer, the angel's power is nullified and Gabriel's wings are burned off. In return for his help, Lucifer grants John a favor; instead of a longer life, he asks Lucifer to allow Isabel to go to Heaven. Lucifer agrees, but then finds that he is unable to drag John to Hell; John's noble sacrifice sees him granted entry to Heaven. Infuriated at losing John Constantine's soul, Lucifer resurrects him and removes his cancer, claiming that John will eventually prove he belongs in Hell. Freed from Mammon's possession, Angela departs with John, leaving behind the now human Gabriel. Some time later, John gifts the Spear to Angela, asking her to hide it. As she leaves, instead of producing a cigarette, he starts to chew on some nicotine gum.

In a post-credits scene, John visits Chas' grave. Chas appears before him as an angel and flies upward to the sky.

Cast[edit]

(Left-to-Right) Constantine, Midnite, and Chas standing outside of Papa Midnite’s bar.
  • Keanu Reeves as John Constantine, a chain-smoking cynical individual with the ability to perceive the true visage of half-angels and half-demons on the human plane. John is damned to Hell for committing suicide—a mortal sin—and has terminal lung cancer.
  • Rachel Weisz as Angela Dodson, a troubled Los Angeles Police Department Detective investigating the suicide of her twin sister, Isabel (also portrayed by Weisz). Weisz also plays Mammon, the son of Lucifer who has no patience for his father's rule of Hell and uses Angela's body as a means of escaping Hell to rule over Earth himself.
  • Shia LaBeouf as Chas Kramer, John Constantine's driver and student. Chas has a strong interest in the occult and helps John whenever possible in order to gain knowledge and experience from him.
  • Tilda Swinton as Gabriel, an androgynous, "half-breed" angel with a disdain for humanity who collaborates with Mammon to set him free from Hell to unleash demon kind on the Earth.
  • Pruitt Taylor Vince as Father Hennessy, an insomniac, alcoholic priest with the ability to communicate with the dead. He constantly drinks in order to "keep the voices out".
  • Djimon Hounsou as Papa Midnite, a former witch-doctor who once fought against Hell. After swearing an oath of neutrality - unless one side should tip the balance of power - he opened a nightclub to serve as neutral meeting ground for both sides of the war between Heaven and Hell.
  • Gavin Rossdale as Balthazar, a "half-breed" demon with a special penchant for, and personal history with, John Constantine.
  • Peter Stormare as Lucifer, a fallen Archangel who is in a proxy war with God for the souls of all mankind. Lucifer loathes John Constantine with such vigor that his soul is the only one he would ever come to personally collect.
  • Max Baker as Beeman, a friend of John Constantine's with a liking for exotic materials and insects. He serves as both a supplier of holy objects and relayer of information to Constantine.

Production[edit]

Constantine was written using some elements from Garth Ennis’ "Dangerous Habits" story arc (issues #41–46)[3] and others—such as the inclusion of Papa Midnite—from the Original Sins trade paperback.[4] However, the film changed several aspects of the source material, including a number of cosmetic changes to the lead character’s appearance: Reeves played the role with his natural accent and hair colour[5] whilst the original character was intentionally drawn to resemble English musician Sting and originally came from Liverpool.[6] The film was also set in Los Angeles, with the director pointing out that the comic book was not exclusively set in London either.[5]

Other differences to the character were made, such as giving him the psychic ability to see "half-breeds" as they truly are. That ability, in the film, is what caused him to attempt suicide and which led to his damnation[7] rather than his role in summoning a demon that killed a young girl.[8] The resolution of the lung cancer plotline in the film was also amended, with Lucifer saving the redeemed Constantine to give him a second chance at falling rather than being tricked into doing so as was seen in the comic book.[7] Scenes with actress Michelle Monaghan as Constantine's lover, a half-breed demon named Ellie based on the succubus Ellie in the Hellblazer comics, were cut from the movie to make Constantine more of a lonely character.[9]

The film’s title was changed from Hellblazer to Constantine to avoid confusion with the Clive Barker Hellraiser films.[5] The comics series itself was originally to be titled Hellraiser but was also retitled to avoid confusion with the film, released the previous year.[6]

Hell, as it is depicted within the film.

Director Francis Lawrence decided to base the idea of Hell "on the geography of what's around us now."[10] He further explained:

That was actually a combination of me and the visual effects supervisor and the production designer sitting down and sort of coming up with the biological growth that’s growing all over the cars and what that looks like and the color palette. And we started to look at the nuclear test films from the 1940s of the nuclear blasts and just decided that it would be great if the landscape was not only violent with these creatures, but also the atmosphere. So we decided that it was kind of an eternal nuclear blast except nothing ever really gets obliterated because it's eternal and it's constantly going.

The novelization further describes Hell's setting in that the buildings are lined with blood instead of mortar, and built with the souls of the damned rather than brick.[11]

In a 2011 interview with MTV Splash Page director Francis Lawrence spoke of a potential sequel, saying:

"It's interesting that over the years, 'Constantine' seems like it's become... like it has this sort of cult following, which has been great ... It's been embraced ... It would be great to figure out a sequel, and if we did, and we've been trying to figure one out, it would be great to do the really dark, scary [version] ... We got caught in that weird PG-13 - R no man's land, and we should do the hard-R scary version, which I would love to do."[12]

In November 2012, it was reported that Guillermo del Toro and Warner Bros. were considering a movie featuring DC Comics' supernatural characters, which includes John Constantine. It isn't confirmed if it'll be connected to the film or if Keanu Reeves will reprise his role.[13]

Soundtrack[edit]

Constantine: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Soundtrack album by Brian Tyler and Klaus Badelt
Released February 15, 2005
Recorded 2004
Genre Film score
Soundtrack
Length 51:47
Label Varèse Sarabande
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 2/5 stars [14]

Constantine: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is a 2005 soundtrack album from the film of the same name. The soundtrack is an orchestral compilation of songs in the film, performed by the Hollywood Studio Symphony and composed by Brian Tyler, composer for films such as Eagle Eye and Fast & Furious, and Klaus Badelt, composer for Disney's Pirates of the Caribbean film series.

The songs "Passive" by A Perfect Circle (released in conjunction with the film and heard in the walk through Midnite’s bar) and "Take Five" by The Dave Brubeck Quartet (heard on a record played by Constantine) were not included. The soundtrack was panned by Allmusic, who referred to it as "clichéd and religiously formulaic."[14]

No. Title Length
1. "Destiny"   2:00
2. "The Cross Over"   2:42
3. "Meet John Constantine"   2:39
4. "Confession"   2:32
5. "Deo et Patri"   1:16
6. "Counterweight"   2:47
7. "Into the Light"   2:54
8. "I Left Her Alone"   1:40
9. "Resurrection"   2:04
10. "Circle of Hell"   5:38
11. "Last Rites"   1:55
12. "Encountering a Twin"   1:06
13. "Flight to Ravenscar"   0:52
14. "Humanity"   2:58
15. "John"   1:31
16. "Someone Was Here"   1:44
17. "Hell Freeway"   2:43
18. "Ether Surfing"   1:13
19. "The Balance"   2:26
20. "Absentee Landlords"   1:35
21. "John’s Solitude"   1:25
22. "Lucifer"   1:56
23. "Rooftop"   1:18
24. "Constantine End Titles"   2:39
Total length:
51:47

Release[edit]

Constantine was a financial success, grossing $230,884,728 in worldwide gross sales.[1] To tie into the film's release, a novelization by John Shirley and a video game adaption of the film was also produced. Warner Home Video announced that the film was to be released on HD DVD on March 28, 2006.[15] It would be one of the earliest titles to be released on that media format. However, following delays to the launch of the HD DVD format (which pushed back the release of many of the initially announced titles), Constantine eventually made its debut on HD DVD on June 6, 2006. Warner Home Video released a Blu-ray Disc version of the film on October 14, 2008.[citation needed]

Critical response[edit]

Constantine was met by critics with mixed reviews. At the review aggregation site Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds a normalized rating of 46% based on the reviews of 214 critics with an average rating of 5.5/10.[16] At Metacritic, an aggregation site which assigns a weighted average, the film holds a rating of 50 out of 100 based on the reviews of 41 critics.[17]

Richard Corliss of Time magazine praised the film calling it "a one-of-a-kind hybrid: a theological noir action film".[18] In crediting the actors, he specifically cited Keanu Reeves' ability to "retain his charisma in [a] weird-silly moment" in addition to the performances of Tilda Swinton whom he referred to as "immaculately decadent". He also praised Francis Lawrence's usage of a significant number of camera locations and angles. He was, however, critical of the movie's climax, referring to it as "irrevocably goofy".

Ella Taylor of L.A. Weekly gave the film positive feedback, stating, "Constantine, which opts in the end for what I can only describe as a kind of supernatural humanism, is not without its spiritual satisfactions."[19] Carina Chocano of the Los Angeles Times wrote, "Keanu Reeves has no peer when it comes to playing these sort of messianic roles—he infuses them with a Zen blankness and serenity that somehow gets him through even the unlikeliest scenes with a quiet, unassuming dignity."[20]

Pete Vonder Haar of Film Threat gave the film three stars out of five, stating that "the film (barely) succeeds, thanks to impressive visuals, the idea of an uncaring God wagering with Satan for souls, and two immensely enjoyable scenes (one with Weisz, one with Stormare) in which Reeves actually plays his character as the cynical asshole he really is."[21]

Jack Matthews of the New York Daily News gave the film a 2.5 out of 5, stating, "For all its spiritual angst, Constantine is about as silly as fantasies get."[22] Michael Sragow of The Baltimore Sun also gave the film a 2.5 out of 5, stating, "It all comes off as a case of filmmakers wanting to have their communion wafer and eat it, too."[23] Desson Thomson, a writer for The Washington Post, had similar sentiments of the film,[24] specifically panning the film's distancing from the comic book upon which it is based:

If you are a fan of the Hellblazer comic book series, on which this movie is based, you'll definitely need a distraction. The relation between Constantine and its source material is, at best, superfluous. The disparity starts with the original John Constantine (Reeves's character) being from Liverpool, England. Reeves from the city of John and Paul? As if.

Leonard Maltin's annual publication "TV Movies" gives the film a BOMB rating, describing it as "dreary, to say the least."[this quote needs a citation]

Film critic Roger Ebert gave the film 1.5 out of 4 stars,[25] panning the depiction of hell ("a post-nuclear Los Angeles created by animators with a hangover"), the premise of the film itself, ("You would think that God would be the New England Patriots of this contest, but apparently there is a chance that Satan could win."), plot holes, inconsistencies, and general actions depicted throughout the film. He was not particularly critical of the film's acting, only mentioning it by stating, "Reeves has a deliberately morose energy level in the movie, as befits one who has seen hell, walks among half-demons, and is dying. He keeps on smoking." He added it to his list of "most hated" films.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Constantine (2005)". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved 2011-10-29. 
  2. ^ Markstein, Don. "Don Markstein's Toonopedia: John Constantine". Retrieved 2007-05-31
  3. ^ a b Turek, Ryan (November 2007). "Update: Francis Lawrence Would Do Constantine 2". ShockTillYouDrop.com. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  4. ^ "Keanu Reeves, Djimon Hounsou and Director Francis Lawrence on 'Constantine'". About.com. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "Keanu Reeves, Djimon Hounsou and Director Francis Lawrence on 'Constantine' Page 2". About.com. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  6. ^ a b Irvine, Alex (2008). "John Constantine Hellblazer". In Dougall, Alastair. The Vertigo Encyclopedia. New York: Dorling Kindersley. pp. 102–111. ISBN 0-7566-4122-5. OCLC 213309015. 
  7. ^ a b Goldstein, Hilary (2005-02-28). "Constantine Vs. Hellblazer". IGN. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  8. ^ Delano, Jamie (2007-05-08). Hellblazer: The Devil You Know. DC Comics (Vertigo). ISBN 1-4012-1269-7. 
  9. ^ "Director Francis Lawrence Discusses "Constantine" and Keanu Reeves". About.com. Retrieved 2011-11-10. 
  10. ^ "Interview with 'Constantine' director Francis Lawrence". Horror.com. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  11. ^ Shirley, John (2005-01-25). Constantine (Mass Market Paperback). Pocket Star. ISBN 0-7434-9755-4. 
  12. ^ Marshall, Rick (May 3, 2011). "'Constantine' Director Hoping To Make 'Hard-R, Scary' Sequel". SplashPage.MTV.com. MTV. Retrieved May 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ Melrose, Kevin (November 9, 2012). "Del Toro Says He's 'Discussing' Justice League Dark-Style Movie". ComicBookResources.com. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  14. ^ a b Monger, James Christopher. Constantine (film) at AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-12-30.
  15. ^ Business Wire (2006-01-05). "Warner Home Video Announces Titles and Release Dates for HD DVD". Yahoo!. Retrieved 2011-10-29.[dead link]
  16. ^ "Constantine". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixter. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  17. ^ "Constantine Reviews, Ratings, Credits". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. 2005-02-18. Retrieved 2011-01-31. 
  18. ^ Corliss, Richard (2005-02-14). "Movies: Caught Between Heaven and Hell". Time. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  19. ^ Taylor, Ella (2005-02-17). "Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered". LAWeekly.com. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  20. ^ Chocano, Carina (2005-02-18). "Constantine: When superpowers collide, in this case God and Satan, John Constantine comes to the rescue". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2008-03-27. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  21. ^ Vonder Haar, Pete (2005-02-19). "Constantine". Film Threat. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  22. ^ Matthews, Jack (2005-02-15). "Constantine". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2010-12-21. [dead link]
  23. ^ Sragow, Michael (2005-02-15). "Constantine". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2010-12-21. [dead link]
  24. ^ Thomson, Desson (2005-02-18). "'Constantine': Far From Heaven". WashingtonPost.com. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  25. ^ Ebert, Roger (2005-02-18). "Constantine :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2010-12-21. 
  26. ^ http://www.rogerebert.com/rogers-journal/eberts-most-hated

External links[edit]