Constantine Ypsilantis

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Constantine Ypsilantis
Konstantinos Ypsilantis.JPG
Prince Constantine Ypsilantis
Born Constantine Ypsilantis
1760
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died 24 June 1816
Kiev, Russia
Nationality Moldavian
Ethnicity Greek
Known for Prince of Moldavia
Title Prince
Term 1799–1801 and 1802–1806
Predecessor Alexandru Callimachi
Successor Alexandru Şuţu
Religion Orthodox Christian
Spouse(s) Ralu Callimachi
Children Alexander Ypsilantis, Demetrios Ypsilantis.
Parents Alexander Ypsilantis
Relatives Alexandru Callimachi, father-in-law

Constantine Ypsilantis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Υψηλάντης, Konstantinos Ypsilantis; Romanian: Constantin Ipsilanti; 1760–1816), was the son of Alexander Ypsilanti, a key member of an important Phanariote family, Grand dragoman of the Porte (1796–99), hospodar[1] of Moldavia (1799–1802) and Walachia (1802–06), and a Prince[2] through marriage to the daughter of Alexandru Callimachi.

The Liberation of Greece from the Ottoman Empire[edit]

Ypsilantis Coat of Arms (1805)

Ypsilantis had joined in a conspiracy to liberate Greece and, on its discovery, fled to Vienna, had been pardoned by the sultan and in 1799 appointed by him hospodar of Moldavia. Deposed in 1805, he escaped to St Petersburg, and in 1806, at the head of some 20,000 Russians, returned to Bucharest, where he set to work on a fresh attempt to liberate Greece.

The Union of Moldavia and Wallachia[edit]

From 1806, during Russian occupation of the Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, Russia encouraged their provisional union under Prince Constantine Ypsilanti. Russia preferred their union for improved relations with the Principalities and their formal union was planned for 1830.[2]

Ypsilantis' plans were ruined by the peace of Tilsit and in 1807 he emigrated with his family to Russia.

Legacy[edit]

Ypsilantis died, in Kiev, where he had served as commandant of the Pechersk Fortress since 1807. He left five sons, of whom two played a conspicuous part in the Greek War of Independence: Alexander and Demetrios.

References[edit]

  1. ^ East, The Union of Moldavia and Wallachia, 1859, p. 178.
  2. ^ a b East, The Union of Moldavia and Wallachia, 1859, p. 59.

Sources[edit]

  • East, The Union of Moldavia and Wallachia, 1859 - An Episode in Diplomatic History, Thirlwall Prize Essay for 1927, Cambridge University Press (1929).

Notes[edit]

Preceded by
Alexandru Callimachi
Prince of Moldavia
1799–1801
Succeeded by
Alexandru Şuţu
Preceded by
Alexandru Suţu
Prince of Wallachia
1802–1806
Succeeded by
Russian occupation