Constantino Tsallis in 2010.
|Residence||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil|
|Institutions||Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas
(Brazilian Physics Research Center)
|Alma mater||University of Paris-Orsay|
|Known for||Tsallis entropy and Tsallis statistics|
|Notable awards||Member, Brazilian Academy of Sciences|
Constantino Tsallis (Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Τσάλλης; born 1943) is a naturalized Brazilian physicist working in Rio de Janeiro at CBPF, Brazil. He was born in Greece, and grew up in Argentina, where he studied physics at Instituto Balseiro, in Bariloche. In 1974, he received a Doctorat d'Etat et Sciences Physiques degree from the University of Paris-Orsay. He moved to Brazil in 1975 with his family (his wife and daughter).
Tsallis is credited with introducing the notion of what is known as Tsallis entropy and Tsallis statistics in his 1988 paper "Possible generalization of Boltzmann–Gibbs statistics" published in the Journal of Statistical Physics. The generalization is considered to be one of the most viable and applicable candidates for formulating a theory of non-extensive thermodynamics. The resulting theory is not intended to replace Boltzmann–Gibbs statistics, but rather supplement it, such as in the case of anomalous systems characterised by non-ergodicity or metastable states.
One of the most impressive[according to whom?] experimental verifications of the predictions of Tsallis statistics concerns cold atoms in dissipative optical lattices. Eric Lutz made an analytical prediction in 2003 which was verified in 2006 by a London team.
- That a longstanding quasi-stationary state (QSS) was expected in LONG-range interacting Hamiltonian systems (one of the core problems of statistical mechanics). This was quickly verified by many groups around the world.
- That this QSS should be described by Tsallis statistics instead of Boltzmann–Gibbs statistics. This was verified in June 2007 by Pluchino, Rapisarda and Tsallis (in the last figure, instead of the celebrated Maxwellian (Gaussian) distribution of velocities (valid for short-range interactions), one sees a q-Gaussian).
These results establish that the Tsallis entropy provides verifiable predictions from first principles as a generalization of Boltzmann–Gibbs entropy for certain classes of phenomena.
- Tsallis, C. (1988). "Possible generalization of Boltzmann-Gibbs statistics". Journal of Statistical Physics 52: 479–487. Bibcode:1988JSP....52..479T. doi:10.1007/BF01016429.
- Tsallis, C. (1999). "Nonextensive statistics: Theoretical, experimental and computational evidences and connections". Brazilian Journal of Physics 29. doi:10.1590/S0103-97331999000100002.
- Homepage of Constantino Tsallis
- The regularly updated link to the literature of nonextensive statistics