Constituencies of Belize

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Belize's 6 districts are politically divided into 31 constituencies. Each constituency sends one representative to Belize's House of Representatives for 5-year terms. This election is known as the General Election. Each person (who is eligible to vote) votes for the candidate they would want to represent their constituency in Central Government. Each political party nominates a candidate, or Standard Bearer, for each constituency. The winner becomes the Area Representative of the constituency, while the loser generally remains the Standard Bearer of that constituency for his/her political party.

Constituencies of Belize

Division of constituencies[edit]

Belize's constituencies are divided in such a way that their voting population be as equal as possible to each other ensuring, theoretically, that resources are equally shared among the country's citizens, as required by the constitution. After the 2003 General Elections two additional constituencies were created from territory of existing constituencies in order to further ensure the equality of the voting populations among the constituencies. Coming out of January 2008, the most populous constituency (Stann Creek West) had a voting population of 7,085 while the least populous constituency (Fort George) had a voting population of 3,195.[1]

New constituencies[edit]

In Belize's 2003 General Elections, 29 constituencies voted in their Area Representatives for Belize's House of Representatives. Since then it was noted that the difference in voting populations between the most and least populous constituencies was rather large (Cayo South then had 8,000 voters compared to Pickstock's 1000+). In 2004 a Task Force was appointed by the Elections and Boundaries Commission to study the matter. Their Final Report was submitted in October 2004. It is noted that the Elections and Boundaries Department has the right to occasionally reassess constituencies, usually after the latest census or population estimate.

Among several things that their report suggested, the expansion of the Cayo District's number of constituencies to six (from four) had the most impact. Later the following year (2005) the law was passed to create two additional constituencies within the boundaries of Cayo. The newly created constituencies are Belmopan, containing the capital city of that name, and Cayo North East, centered on Spanish Lookout.

These new constituencies held their first-ever election during the General Election in 2008.

List of Belize's constituencies by district[edit]

Below are the Districts and their respective constituencies:

Voting population by constituency[edit]

Below is a list of the voting population by constituency as of October 2007, sorted out by districts for ease of reference.

Note that these populations are for Belizean citizens who are eligible to vote and does not represent actual population. As of July 2007 the voting population of Belize is estimated at 148,026 while the total population is estimated at 301,300.

The Voter Age Population (VAP), i.e. all persons over the age of eighteen, is 161,677, or 53.66% of the total population. Of these, more than 91 percent are actually registered. Males slightly outnumber females in the population, though the gap is noticeable in the larger urban areas such as Belize City, home to 10 constituencies.

District Constituency Total Nationwide Rank District Rank
Belize Albert 3072 30th 12th
Belize Rural Central 4511 21st 4th
Belize Rural North 4578 20th 3rd
Belize Rural South 5159 13th 1st
Caribbean Shores 4291 23rd 5th
Collet 3637 26th 8th
Fort George 3047 31st 13th
Freetown 3452 27th 9th
Lake Independence 4925 18th 2nd
Mesopotamia 3170 28th 10th
Pickstock 3166 29th 11th
Port Loyola 3890 24th 6th
Queen's Square 3862 25th 7th
Cayo Belmopan 5667 5th 2nd
Cayo Central 5923 3rd 1st
Cayo North 5015 17th 5th
Cayo North East 4413 22nd 6th
Cayo South 5468 8th 4th
Cayo West 5378 10th 3rd
Corozal Corozal Bay 5100 16th 3rd
Corozal North 5108 15th 2nd
Corozal South East 5190 12th 1st
Corozal South West 4869 19th 4th
Orange Walk Orange Walk Central 5727 4th 2nd
Orange Walk East 5443 9th 4th
Orange Walk North 6011 2nd 1st
Orange Walk South 5575 6th 3rd
Stann Creek Dangriga 5114 14th 2nd
Stann Creek West 6470 1st 1st
Toledo Toledo East 5473 7th 1st
Toledo West 5324 11th 2nd
National 31 148,026 Avg. Voters per constituency 4775

Current Area Representatives[edit]

History[edit]

Below is the chronological order for the creation of Belize's current constituencies.

  • 1954
    • The following were the nine original constituencies created for the British Honduras Legislative Assembly:
      • Belize District: Belize North, Belize Rural, Belize South, Belize West
      • Cayo District: Cayo
      • Corozal District: Corozal
      • Orange Walk District: Orange Walk
      • Stann Creek District: Stann Creek
      • Toledo District: Toledo
  • 1961
    • In a major nationwide redistricting, all of the previous constituencies were abolished and replaced with the following, doubling the total number of constituencies to 18:
      • Belize District: Albert, Belize Rural North, Belize Rural South, Collet, Fort George, Freetown, Mesopotamia, Pickstock
      • Cayo District: Cayo North, Cayo South
      • Corozal District: Corozal North, Corozal South
      • Orange Walk District: Orange Walk North, Orange Walk South
      • Stann Creek District: Stann Creek Town, Stann Creek Rural
      • Toledo District: Toledo North, Toledo South
  • 1973
    • British Honduras officially renamed Belize. The British Honduras Legislative Assembly becomes the Belize House of Representatives.
  • 1984
    • The following constituencies were created:
      • Belize District: Caribbean Shores, Lake Independence, Queen's Square, Port Loyola
      • Cayo District: Cayo Central, Cayo West
      • Corozal District: Corozal Bay
      • Orange Walk District: Orange Walk Central, Orange Walk East
    • The following were altered:
      • Corozal District: Corozal South was split into Corozal South East and Corozal South West
      • Toledo District: Toledo North and Toledo South were abolished, replaced by Toledo East and Toledo West
    • The following were renamed:
      • Stann Creek District: Stann Creek Town renamed Dangriga, Stann Creek Rural renamed Stann Creek West
  • 1993
    • The following constituency was created:
      • Belize District: Belize Rural Central
  • 2008
    • The following constituencies were created:
      • Cayo District: Belmopan, Cayo North East

References[edit]

See also[edit]