Constitution of Crimea

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Constitution of Crimea
Ratified October 21, 1998 (Crimea)
December 23, 1998 (Ukraine)
Purpose Establishing Crimean status within Ukraine
Emblem of Crimea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of Crimea
See also
Political status of Crimea
Politics of Ukraine
Politics of Russia

The constitution of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Ukrainian: Конституція Автономної Республіки Крим; Russian: Конституция Автономной Республики Крым) is the basic law of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a republic within southern Ukraine. The constitution establishes the republic's status and authority within Ukraine. It grants Crimea the right to draft a budget and manage its own property.[1]

History[edit]

After a referendum on 20 January 1991, Crimea regained its status as an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.[1] (Since this was months before the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine of 24 August 1991 (by December 1991 internationally recognized[2][3][4][5][6][7][8]) Crimea was at the time part of the Ukrainian SSR which was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union.[1][9]) In February 1992 the Crimean parliament transformed Crimea into "Republic of Crimea" and the Ukrainian government offered them more self-government.[1] On 5 May 1992 parliament declared Crimea independent[1] (which was yet to be approved by a referendum to be held 2 August 1992[10]) and passed the first Crimean constitution the same day. On 6 May 1992 the same parliament inserted a new sentence into this constitution that declared that Crimea was part of Ukraine.[10] The Ukrainian parliament convened on May 15, annulled the Crimean declaration of independence and gave the Crimean parliament one week to cancel the referendum.[10][10] In June 1992 the parties reached a compromise and Crimea was given the status of "Autonomous Republic".[1]

In May 1994, the Crimean parliament voted to restore the May 1992 Constitution.[1] In September 1994 President of Crimea Yuriy Meshkov and parliament decided to write a new Constitution.[1] On 17 March 1995 the Verkhovna Rada abolished the May 1992 Constitution (and the post of President of Crimea).[1] From June till September 1995 Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma governed Crimea under a direct presidential administration decree.[1] In October 1995 the Crimean parliament adopted a new Constitution which was not recognized by the national (Ukrainian) authorities until April 1996 when significant amendments were suggested.[1] A fifth draft law of the October 1995 constitution was ratified on 21 October 1998 at the second session of the Crimean Verkhovna Rada (parliament).[1][11] The Verkhovna Rada confirmed this constitution on 23 December 1998.[11] (Article 135 of the Ukrainian Constitution provides that the Crimean Constitution must be approved by the Ukrainian parliament.[12]) It came/has been in effect (since) 12 January 1999.[1]

Anomalies[edit]

The Crimean parliament has no right of legislative initiative.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia 2004, Routledge, 2003, ISBN 1857431871 (page 540)
  2. ^ Ukraine and Russia: The Post-Soviet Transition by Roman Solchanyk, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2000, ISBN 0742510182 (page 100)
  3. ^ Canadian Yearbook of International Law, Vol 30, 1992, University of British Columbia Press, 1993, ISBN 9780774804387 (page 371)
  4. ^ Russia, Ukraine, and the Breakup of the Soviet Union by Roman Szporluk, Hoover Institution Press, 2000, ISBN 0817995420 (page 355)
  5. ^ Russia's Revolution from Above, 1985-2000: Reform, Transition, and Revolution in the Fall of the Soviet Communist Regime by Gordon M. Hahn, Transaction Publishers, 2001, ISBN 0765800497 (page 482)
  6. ^ A Guide to the United States' History of Recognition, Diplomatic, and Consular Relations, by Country, since 1776: Ukraine, Office of the Historian
  7. ^ The Limited Partnership: Building a Russian-Us Security Community by James E. Goodby and Benoit Morel, Oxford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0198291612 (page 48)
  8. ^ Ukrainian Independence, Worldwide News Ukraine
  9. ^ A History of Ukraine: The Land and Its Peoples by Paul Robert Magocsi, University of Toronto Press, 2010, ISBN 1442610212 (page 722/723)
  10. ^ a b c d Russians in the Former Soviet Republics by Pål Kolstø, Indiana University Press, 1995, ISBN 0253329175 (page 194)
  11. ^ a b (Ukrainian) "Мовний" закон Колесніченка-Ківалова нічого не дав Криму "Language" law Kolesnichenko-Kivalov gave Crimea nothing, Ukrayinska Pravda (27 March 2013)
  12. ^ Parliamentary Assembly - Documents - 1999 Session (First part, January 1999) - Volume I, Council of Europe, 25–29 January 1999, ISBN 978-92-871-3957-3 (page 13)
  13. ^ The Crimea wants to protect majority principle, Den (7 October 2003)
    Crimea prepares amendments to Constitution, ForUm (21 January 2013)

External links[edit]