Constitution of Morocco

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The first Constitution of Morocco was adopted in 1962, 6 years after the country regained independence. Since this event, the king, Mohamed V worked for the establishment of political and constitutional institutions. This was originally the creation of the National Advisory Council and, on November 15, 1959, the enactment of the Dahir, legislation text governing public freedoms and freedom of expression. Then, in 1960, the Constitutional Council was created and the Draft of the first Constitution was proposed on November 18, 1962, and ratified by referendum on December 7, 1962 and promulgated one week later, on December 14.

A referendum on constitutional reforms was held in Morocco on 1 July 2011. It was called in response to the protests that took place earlier in the year demanding democratic reforms. A commission was to draft proposals by June 2011.[1] A draft released on 17 June foresaw the following changes:[2][3][4]

The changes were reportedly approved by 98.49% of voters.[5] Despite protest movements calling for a boycott of the referendum, government officials claimed turnout was 72.65%.[5][6]

Following the referendum, early parliamentary elections were then held on 25 November 2011.

Results of 2011 referendum[edit]

Moroccan constitutional referendum, 2011[7]
Choice Votes  %
Referendum passed Yes 9,653,492 98.50%
No 146,718 1.50%
Valid votes 9,800,210 99.17%
Invalid or blank votes 81,712 0.83%
Total votes 9,881,922 100.00%
Registered voters/turnout 13,451,404 73.46%

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