Constitution of Republika Srpska
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The Constitution of Republika Srpska (Bosnian and Serbian: Устав Републике Српске / Ustav Republike Srpske) is the chief legal act of Republika Srpska, an entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina. The constitution was delivered by the National Assembly of Republika Srpska on 28 February 1992, but had to be revised after the Dayton Agreement was signed. It provides the set of laws and principles for the territory, and among its finest functions, it defines the internal organization of the Republic, the function of the official institutions, and the rights and freedoms for its citizens.
The Constitutional Court of Republika Srpska started its functions on 1 July 1994 and its primary role is to ensure the protection of the Constitution and the law. It is formed by nine judges, including the President, elected in accordance to the Constitution and law.
The first constitution was adopted formally approved on 28 February 1992 under the designation of the Constitution of the Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Устав Српске Републике Босне и Херцеговине / Ustav Srpske Republike Bosne i Hercegovine). It was adopted during the period of the Bosnian War and after the signing of the Dayton Agreement the Constitution has undergone numerous modifications in form of amendments in order to comply with the peace agreement and with the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
It is formed by 12 chapters.
I - Basic provisions
II - Human Rights and Freedoms
III - Economic and Social Planning
IV - Rights and duties
V - Organization of Republika Srpska
VI - Territorial Organization
VII - Defense
VIII - The constitutionality and legality
IX - The Constitutional Court
X - Courts and Public Prosecution
XI - Changing the Constitution
XII - Final provisions
- Constitutional Court official website, retrieved 17-5-2012
- The Constitution of Republika Srpska official document (Serbian)
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