Constitutional Court of Slovakia
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The Constitutional Court of Slovakia (officially Constitutional Court of the Slovak Republic, Slovak: Ústavný súd Slovenskej republiky) is a special court established by the Constitution of Slovakia. Its seat is in Košice in eastern Slovakia. Its head is Ivetta Macejková (since 2007).
The basic standing of the Court and its judges is regulated by the Constitution (more precisely, chapter seven, part one). It rules on the compatibility of laws, decrees (either by government or local administration bodies) and legal regulations (issued by local state administration or resulting from international treaties) with the Constitution. It also decides on disputes between bodies of state administration, unless if the law specifies that these disputes are decided by another state body, complaints against legally valid decisions of state bodies, elections, referenda etc., and is the only court that can sue the President of Slovakia.
The court initiates proceedings on the basis of proposal by: at least one-fifth (i.e. 30) deputies of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, the President of Slovakia, Government of Slovakia, the court, the general prosecutor or in the cases listed in the Article 127 (see references).
Originally, the Court had ten judges appointed for seven years by the President, who selects them from the double number of candidates chosen by the National Council. After a constitutional amendment in 2001, it is composed of thirteen judges appointed for twelve years, again selected by the President from the double number of candidates. A candidate (electable to the National Council) for constitutional judge must be at least 40 years old, be a law school graduate and be practising law for at least 15 years. As is the case with the members of the National Council, judges enjoy immunity and may be only prosecuted or taken into custody by the Court.
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