Constitutional Union (Morocco)

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Constitutional Union
الاتحاد الدستوري
Union Constitutionelle
Leader Mohammed Abied
Founder Maati Bouabid
Founded 1983; 31 years ago (1983)
Headquarters Rabat, Morocco
Ideology Royalism[1][2]
Liberal conservatism[3]
Economic liberalism[4]
Political position Centre-right[1][5]
International affiliation Liberal International
Regional affiliation Africa Liberal Network
House of Representatives
23 / 325
House of Councillors
0 / 270
Website
Union Constitutionnelle
Politics of Morocco
Political parties
Elections

The Constitutional Union (Arabic: الاتحاد الدستوريAl-Etihad Al-Dosturi, French: Union constitutionelle) is a liberal conservative political party in Morocco, aligned with the ruling monarchy.

History[edit]

The grouping was founded by then Prime Minister Maati Bouabid in 1983[6][7] and favoured by King Hassan II. In the 1984 parliamentary election, it won the greatest number of seats, but remained far from an absolute majority. Later it became an ordinary party without a special role in Morocco's multi-party system.[8]

The party is a full member of Liberal International, which it joined at the latter's Dakar Congress in 2003.[9] It's electoral symbol is a horse.[10]

In the parliamentary election held on 27 September 2002, the party won 16 out of 325 seats. In the next parliamentary election, held on 7 September 2007, the party won 27 out of 325 seats.[11] The party won 23 out of 325 seats in the parliamentary election held in November 2011, being the seventh party in the parliament.[11]

Electoral results[edit]

Moroccan Parliament[edit]

House of Representatives
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1984 1,101,502 (#1) 24.79
82 / 301
Maati Bouabid
1993 769,149 (#3) 12.8
54 / 333
Decrease 29
Maati Bouabid
1997 647,746 (#5) 10.2
50 / 325
Decrease 4
Maati Bouabid
2002  ? (#7) 4.92
16 / 325
Decrease 34
Mohamed Abied
2007 335,116 (#6) 7.3
27 / 325
Increase 11
Mohamed Abied
2011 275,137 (#7) 5.8
23 / 395
Decrease 4
Mohamed Abied

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Thomas K. Park; Aomar Boum (2006), Historical Dictionary of Morocco, Scarecrow Press, p. 286 
  2. ^ Gareth M. Winrow (2000), Dialogue With the Mediterranean: The Role of NATO's Mediterranean Initiative, Garland, p. 78 
  3. ^ Abdo Baaklini; Guilain Denoeux; Springborg, Robert (1999), Legislative Politics in the Arab World: The Resurgence of Democratic Institutions, Lynne Riener, p. 129 
  4. ^ A.H. Saulniers (2001), "Privatization in Morocco", Privatization: A global perspective (Routledge): 222 
  5. ^ James N. Sater (2007), Civil Society and Political Change in Morocco, Routledge, p. 86 
  6. ^ "Moroccan Political Parties". Riad Reviews. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Organizations". Maroc. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  8. ^ Bernabé López García (2013), "Morocco: regime and fuse", Political Regimes in the Arab World: Society and the Exercise of Power (Routledge): 102 
  9. ^ Entry on Constitutional Union Liberal International.
  10. ^ Park, Thomas K.; Boum, Aomar (2006), Historical Dictionary of Morocco, Scarecrow Press, p. 293 
  11. ^ a b "Morocco". European Forum. Retrieved 10 October 2014.