|Part of the Politics series|
|Basic forms of government|
A federal republic is a federation of states with a republican form of government. Usage of the term republic is inconsistent  but, as a minimum, it means a state or federation of states that does not have a monarch.
In a federal republic, there is a division of powers between the national ("federal") government, and the government of the individual subdivisions. While each federal republic manages this division of powers differently, national security and defense, monetary policy, and other issues of a "national" scope are usually handled at the "federal" level while more local issues such as road and infrastructure maintenance and education policy are handled at the local level. However, views differ on what issues should be of sub-divisional governmental structures, the subdivisions also have sovereignty in some matters where the federal government does not have jurisdiction. A federal republic is thus best defined in contrast to a unitary republic, whereby the national government has complete sovereignty over all aspects of political life. As in the United States, most federal republics codify the division of powers between orders of government in a written constitutional document.
The political differences between a federal republic and other federal states, especially federal monarchies under a parliamentary system of government, are largely a matter of legal form rather than political substance, as most federal states are democratic in structure if not practice. However, some federal monarchies, such as the United Arab Emirates are based upon principles other than democracy.
|Federation||Official Name and Style||Period||Subdivisions|
|Dutch Republic||Republic of the Seven United Netherlands||1581–1795||Provinces|
|Colombia||Republic of Colombia
United States of Colombia
|Federal Republic of Central America||United Provinces of Central America
Federal Republic of Central America
|Germany||German Reich (Weimar Republic)||1919-1933||States|
|Soviet Union||Union of Soviet Socialist Republics||1922-1991||Republics|
|Yugoslavia||Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
|Serbia and Montenegro||Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
State Union of Serbia and Montenegro
|Burma||Union of Burma||1948-1962||States|
|Indonesia||Republic of the United States of Indonesia||1949-1950||States|
|Cameroon||Federal Republic of Cameroon||1961-1972|
|Czechoslovakia||Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
Czech and Slovak Federative Republic
Notes and references
- Merriam Webster Dictionary:  Cited July 27, 2014; The term republic is a very general definition and applies to many subsets of quite different political systems.
- Forum of Federations: , Schram, Sanford. Handbook of Federal Countries: United States, pg 373-391, 2005.
- CIA World Factbook: Austria, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: Bosnia and Herzegovina, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: Brazil, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: Ethiopia, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: Germany, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: India, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: Mexico, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: Nepal, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: Nigeria, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: Pakistan, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: Russia, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: Switzerland, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: United States, 14 May 2009
- CIA World Factbook: Venezuela, 14 May 2009
- The CIA World Factbook officially dated October 15, 1991
- The states lived on until a final treaty in 1956 in which Republic of South Maluku and the State of Eastern Sumatra agreed to devolve into the Republic of Indonesia.