The Consulta Araldica (English: College of Arms) was a college instituted by royal decree on 10 October 1869 to advise the Italian government on noble titles, coats of arms and related matters. It was part of the Ministry of the Interior. As such it combined the roles of the various heraldic colleges which had existed in pre-unification Italy, including the Tribunale Araldico of Lombardy, the Commissione Araldica of Venice and the Congregazione Araldica Capitolina of Rome.
The Consulta Araldica had to be dissolved following the adoption of the Constitution of the Italian Republic in 1947 and the abolition of state recognition and regulation of noble titles. Although today no governmental official or office can grant noble titles, some of the Consulta Araldica's functions are still performed by the Heraldic Office within the Office of the Prime Minister.
Despite its name, the Consulta Araldica rarely dealt with armorial heraldry per se. However, an official Blasonario, or armory, was in an early draft stage when the monarchy was abolished in 1946. Plans called for this to include the blazons of Italian families whether titled or not.
For Italian titles please refer to the Consulta Araldica's official directories approved by the Council of Ministers and by Royal Decree – Libro d'Oro della Nobiltà Italiana. The Corpo della Nobiltà Italiana is a private association whose aim is continuing the Consulta araldica job. Some other nobility associations exist, but their lists of noble families are often incomplete.
- Elenco storico della nobiltà italiana (compilato in conformità dei decreti e delle lettere patenti originali e sugli atti ufficiali di archivio della Consulta araldica dello Stato italiano), Sovrano Militare Ordine di Malta. Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, Roma 1960.
- Ordinamento e Regolamento della Regia Consulta Araldica
- Constitutional Court of Italy's sentence (law) number 101 at 26 June 1967
- Dipartimento del Cerimoniale di Stato - Ufficio Onorificenze e Araldica pubblica
- Archivio Centrale dello Stato, Sezione Araldica, (State Archive, Heraldry), Rome
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